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Full text of "Abraham Lincoln's 1861 inauguration"

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Abraham Lincoln's 
1861 Inauguration 



Trip from Springfield to 
Washington 



Excerpts from newspapers and other sources 



From the files of the 
Lincoln Financial Foundation Collection 



-7/ . 2.001 ^2-s, 04; 






Der Deutsche Republikaner 
The Cincinnati Republican 
Feb. 12, 1861, p. 2 S col 1. 




Mm Krttti iter Mr tttetnurtrU tl* **?**"*• 
ftps. «ff«tkM(« lb 

^P- . altiAtto S*t Aanli 

RAHAM LINCOLK. PMffl- 9f «•*» * «M« 



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vote* to your 
t, that yon, the aelireliaiit 
fe mail, wiH uphold the 
I the tew* again 
owed treason* 
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u« m mm of me», toe -igr Tr^^ 
rkingroen, with others ]£J5W* 



tfee etfort to maintain 1*» f iwl » l **i 
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PnTSrriTLh MA 



VOLUME 32. 



BERKSHIRE COUNTY EAGLE, FEBRUARY 11. 1861. 



NUMBER 30 



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THE EAGLE. 












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PBIDAT MOISDTO, FKBT'll, .IS • 1 - u*,pr ot. pU eiftwduid it tA* Cbiap> 
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replaced. Tbis.in 


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othe fal. -bub we 


I'arsiorvta HenoL-Tbi president 


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it,l,i, ( ih( nrfOlUfmi bel-ceo biui.di 


reader?. We appr 


bead lb>L .on *ill 














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ThcfeoMwb.tb. 


e bfl.t eip.esied, « 


He eonclodcs : ' ;•:-.. 


r;„'. t t°".r. 


erence to Mr. Ltocol 






■i ; » lefruer. 



on il practical!; defeeltd bi the bc 

tale, vebtlltre; are of Ibo nbM o 

,f U.Lau'ue and i'f. «n, c h i 



haaeonril. (Laoged M>. Ltoroln, £>ci. 

bl* Tb* gaunt, bolk>« ebeeli, tod IboI 
ja-booe; BrejoeDretopri.* Wfivo Ml 

eit»p«i lb* barbers Mr. LtQcolo wtll -l 
VuUngUn an t*cteoi,.gl T prvealabl. 



TT~^^^fi ^^ ^^ir. § ■'■ "■■« 1 ^' ■*■":• ; r by telegraph. 

pjfi " -WJg' E^S f TWfpweli of lb* prtiuhBt rJactaM lo- j.' ' Me ro.T» to» TIC PMW °i-" 
• rt#MMata»l| tod***" ••«' d^n-^U*- thovtgb it prtttcipajj eons Jli ot 1 — ;..„„.. " „■ 



Art Ml6* daltjfab^'ia .coD0*«i~Mh' 

.;, i to obr eJoGdinci a*t snppftt? torn 



Itivr? UTITIICDO^iTOSC 

HiSUHSPAULDING 



Tti.ni arihi Caplt.ll. 




Till capitalists' of Ne*Worl. a' 


d;Boitoo 






foTEi-!buib'iber"'"nf , Sorto\ t 'iKc 


A-llVn 


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ffaJLttreetondSloloitfeflbsto 


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according lo fear terms Upon 


loo put 






o»el B iir B right lodieials'ihe p 


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wpil.lliiMgrfitaaBdltoct.CMi 




enough lo on-n lng< MnMnnU cf 
Tbofoollemcn -bo ptMllUM I 


.s' pol% 



Dit8oit, Feb. 8—9 K Jf, 






Wrr G llidtilj, clerk m lb> ai'T d=- 
inmeDi,' died >udd>alr of bean d.(CBto 

r-,.-V:i>'' of LQquitc, in ibe Wne of Com. 
Ar^lro,,, to^cblag ibc..un«d.rc,r.h. 
rcot.colaNaffiTard.^oa^iu-'cr, C.,ro U 

Crocsc, and Judge. Altrf. Tbcj- ib<I 10- 

'llfn-ffil. Nt«"'Tcrk d^legolo to"tbl 
bl Lho capnol shall ■■£.: br aitn- : , c >i bciVr. 



itt ii pcr;i;tcd i", m hope ■ li c pcopli 



d defend ibe right T 



Bet WabICi CwxrKb 


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10 Iho.provaitol uslnOi-. 


of.ibc Urn 


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ntl.ol.B. 


<>jlB«,"t u a(t-o Lond 
of thli BOiiipirooj ibcul 
on. It the toulb iWlt 


i»f* 


grcal, and »ill gire up 


S? 


•»_Tb*Tc:n rJ.^r 
edto-pprupipjle Odoll 
Tbe Noabville (Juicn, t 


""'»"»■ 


ribodca.o;. i .>.dr>e S r. 


1 like tb.l 



Don't Lilt it.— The Mix 
tnt'ofUcStDltac) 1" 
uurancc of Ibe tie 



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:tk.. ,bc OJUef in H.rper , Fc.j, Vi,g,-. 





: »to,« 


13,. Feb. 8. 


oret 




ItrcCll ever 


Tod 


mh, i'th 
N." In 


-9 P. M. 

■ .1 " : :. 

,0^,'o'otl lh< 
UK* fob. S. 



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r'io Foil Siimlc) ' ki',0 fre-n ft n-l 



Moi 



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iroop., -eadj ; t 



' °l';.l.r. C. J J,r»[. C{ ,f NcTYoik Kill call li 



coofi^itbal Ihcj coruc up 



r,o decided 
anging t 7 e 






il imd-n^ h.» ..onJ t rf u ilj, , 



Wt-BV, Feb. >. 

bl ..nooimondr 






.re iiarcd io the ustul M Si. Louis, -n-hich 
'as aavtd rrDtn,Miur. b. Die 9C«»l«nisU 
>ulr bj a proinpt ruililarj IBO«ol«W, 

s dcvoiert 10 :ho mAnof.etiir* ol' moil) 
bscia bo cjtabliiiicd in llic HOilhtrul, and 



doi.e atioul il. Not i* n goed lime in 



:an ipprctian- Ibe Badness I feel at ll.ii 
parting. Ian. Iicrr, nod bitTcJLfod .boh 

iwjou again. , . " ', 

A Jnljle.ol.ei L-ni.n me. nhi'.b 1! ,ie. 
bn^ gitnu'r tl.11. Ibal trb.fb Saj d, vol.ed 

exc: r t fur tb: a,J of Di.ii.e I'ioti J91.ce. tp 
cu .vbcb be Bialle-otn.iW I fetl .t.; 



The firing of 'J4 guts BanounceJ llie »]>■ 

and partr. The IVsirtofil *■».•/ record 
and wcleomed bf Gov. OP Morion, »nd 

fore. The procoiioa wai cnajpoitdof Ihe 



.-;," \ --.-Mi»'uo», Feb. 9. 

3en. Phillipt fic-m tba raJlruad comm 

« ircHirtrd back ib« mtcnerr nl of Iba Ho. 

in VtTo.I fOLOL.at.-aod ukeditaiafr 

, jce to ibe Judlwlfl ecmmiHee. Thej 

"Sen. Virgin Irio commiitec olTek.B 



l,e"ii 1 "d.,re--VriiOfiEr,.aric-A.iOTi»iion-i» 
Tbe aj>»cnjtilF bill for Tbe.rtiief of Ra 



n.iuj.iurn 1. I l'p W., Ifood.y. Car 



It i»,>nogalar boaj_'oor baroa>,,a»d HI l* I ^-. . " 

ibo? oast boiAWS-b*™? b 0l K orr*. -M*>« ^__r~. 

...17 *■> *««tif,g Tba. preaeel, » fl .l at a S.moa Van P.. ten, 1 bag of b:*e.. " 

-,, ? .. t-^rd. il,... i M .. po«i. 0n i..pntttt . S. Ongj., 1 tag of flour 

cemfidence.— IV ■ all- reeac.tt.be r Lorr Oit-er. C-W,|[ t -1 Ljff of wbfii^ - "-^- _ 

,co «tooi« n id X U, eo« n fr7b^he wddVn U.« A. A. Ki.oi.les, Huoonj, »[ ln 

^..Sl'oKUMt.oV bT'j '^"t'm ii. ' J * D ' B'«fw3,'-'««"i | l*. tfOlijcA:' 
jlttWiL""'"'-— - . U . P °-.^ m -'.! do 1 !M L- elolh.oc. 

■jf Mni'r ,Vn-3rF, . 



'"col^Zl^^^^^t"'" L OCAL MATTERS. I (HSfi 

It ii,y.i3goUr boajoor b«rat,,*a>d oil I t> 



-ibgli-glo-.o-oi" 



count 1, PeaDSflt.o.a. ■ Both hisgrandioih- 
et. r6ugbt at Trenton, Hr.neeton and Uon- 

CaU.rn" and beVog agAi.. promoted; » M 

ordered 10 l-W McuUr.,. \U- a'.^-.-d: 
cniered tbc Coiml Sum'j at Ibe im-itaimn 
of Profcuar Bathe. Uul he bad barllr 



t folding j p,^,^ F ., TL B B .r., (a ," Bn -! IjriM.-Ka, 



Murraj'i Adjiii 


MoMr.OMCBV, F 
gain lj night. 


Col Uajiieiu 


pcplrto tie rre. 



litution? 4dd majnoliheleg 



"Aiio f n l nedto"o'clo.k,P,M, 

I.X.-Tbe Speaker 
■ ' thur A Co, I 



j Mr. D. H. Jobnaou— To 



IVlicn N cilia *os (tree nnti a half jearjold, 



oV lv . by 1 .,!,.■ ci m I.^,..!! ? It -.r,-. 
■csMvt.l, ll.e ,n,Mc toociirrion, that lb.- 

i"."0! M.i„ CS i>i, ^,11 -.01 .end d,lt K ftl t . 

u n ,ii,,;^^,illlr^e:-A'^'i'^'^"'^'^^ 






"t? Do pro feil ionol 

:!■ ihingj j-, 1 1., ;e 0.1 :'jc jin cf ibel'i. 



j fr.^lo, 



Dy Mr. Geo— To «*eiid ihe l.v. rcl.ting 
.il) ar.dstraiupldu.Ij,«nd lai.ds toorlguEe'l 



■■,;b l ,.,g l .,rd, l ,. 3 n l l, fl |. 1 ,;eUr 1 d,f hen-.e, 
.oar be cited- or. to do their .hale d u .r lo 
tb-Ui.iot.. Dina-i't ha. depe-red him of 

if rjoai .Slemraer i;-:cd on b'j own rcApon.i 



might be gireii op. ' Ttongh no ifljuluog 



the ft -c. John Rernold,,cf the LpnOf 1 
l-n.f 1. leBiden; of Uorlingion, a-lier'e hi: 



Slit '."-■ .iicLn-oi.t-e.] ot .chool for grest 

tjook in bond, jtl in scbo.il sre wil prcba 
bljncrcrfcnovrnto be deficient t.r.b bei 
IciWtli. Her edncotior, ba> been eery com. 






'o omind lie. 101, chap. IS, R. ft!, of 

iji"- 'cicre ett'eotujllT to cl^-^ia! 
" rif, tifwi ' 



Lin-on Qi.-.f'nmUr r'^f-.c;' - -ll! ''r^.' .' I n^- fecial eUcttOn.. 

b,- ..(. ,eg:,W marrmge, bm u tort off.ee To :.,ne„.l el jp. I 37 cf Bevi.ed Stolalcs, 



01 In* sebi 
' SENATE. - 



.ifeof licroofFon P 






-J.'E. W , %1 in cuh t JZEZZSZ***: 

l.»<l. . BtOtt*oI«l) Soeiely, Etotiilf; 
Orot-e, I box ire.noj apparel, elc, ail n"» * 
rial $1145. 



The eomuiitlee would soggr it I 



bBjr! ran bo bad by nppl f ing 






proUWj 
beardfr 



Ooti^Ui, 



si .V.., 
Vm go< 

C. S.STRaSDEBGER, j ' Mit P"* 

J. M.ltlKEP, 1 B>oi'~~ 

■ J. il. BUP-OCSS, XI 

J. P. HOYT, 



it]ling.i7pertoQ( in ffiseoMln and I1-' I *»■!«£ 
lifloil fiber, ac other commercial ceoi 



vf.-o-.n.- 



nioTi of.t il : '»ildQ.U" Sob. of fi pon of S. 
ncrchoao ar« pjjiog two ot lb»r« 
and dollars per Beet for eicbtog.. 
1 ruinous rhjrc upon tbem. aod \u' s \ 



ti-Ye 



IhU^bjeet. -f.e, 
Dilti tvitlloot 









^.rfeoc;, ja.k'c ;•. LMimij 
paid witb i«cb worttleu 



t:i 



I har; treen instrgcaid brihe Boroj 1 Fe, 

lari, being protfedi of the bit; "Burn.' «r- 

..ening of ibe J5,h yliino, (.b.el, ««,, 
jou «ill pleuc 6nd eneloit.1.) to be op. 
plied for ibe relief of ibe .ufTeriog In Kac- 
ioi. ROBT. GEDDF5, Seer 

.l.-...es*;l!e,F«b.fi, IS.;l. 

Dc.-.n SlB— Your communication of tba 
01b inst.. cadoiiug tireoljEt" doilan f/on 
ihe Burn*' feSliral commillee-'ito be ap- 
plied for (be relkf of Ibe futfering to Sj( 

1 G.'s.STtlASCEBOEE, 
J. M. RISER. 
J. M. BCItC-F^S, 
JOE.V P- HOYT, 



...unoiti E..n:.i>'c-.-E.™i» r of ibe 

— -, Ge'enni Cbico s o Puion Railroad Com 

oti'il P*"- rft( ,i,e ««ll ending J.nuarr 3IM, 

th.it led: 



lb* p-n.gr^ 

The tifli 



to Sfr. Li 

tt'.Tne, of 
secedior 



NEWSPAPfRflRCHiVE 



Slje (filfjuin Ocmoctnt.' 



rcdncaduy. Feb": 20, 1881. 









.■ hijTi.. .).^m i.» mid w « 






^ ^:'« e *'" 11 Jr 



-..', 1...-.I .i^cio'LiI)- "bill 



■■ t «x. . u jvotice mi 



W A NTED, 






SalAteof-Jniaw-Mow 












pK"SBl***7 "!"" "V"! """"I *!" 









■Ijoij, iFara puKiit|r, <li 






J, U llu>/ [toicJ lo Iw, nrul UlUVglll | 



lit 'lopol, Mj 4rpWf£lI<lflj 







Ncm 3loocri!acmcn(s. 









"\t-,^. ■''':"? '. - 









CASH STSTEM. 




The President Elect 
in Summit County 



February 21, 1861 -'On Friday 
p. m. last the C.Z. & O. R. R. ran a 
special train to Hudson,- that our citi- 
zens might have an opportunity of 
seeing the president-elect as he pass- 
ed through that village, on his way 
irom Pittsburg to Cleveland. 
' "Nine cars were crowded to their 
utmost capacity, with probably not 
less than seven hundred persons 
from Akron and Cuyahoga Falls. 

"From four to six thousand persons 
were assembled at the Depot, and 
when the special train, having on 
board the distinguished passenger, 
whirled up to the station, the utmost 
enthusiasm prevailed, all being eager 
to get a sight of 'Honest Old Abe.' 

"The train, however, being behind 
time, did not stop longer than two or 
three minutes, during which brief pe- 
riod, Mr. Lincoln stepped upon the 
platform of the rear car, and bowed 
gracefully to the assembled multitude. 
| who greeted him with tumultuous ap- 
i plause. 

"When silence was restored he 
spoke as follows: 

"'Ladies and gentlemen: — I stepped 
upon the platform to see you, and to 
give you an opportunity of seeing me, 
which I suppose you wanted to do. 
You can tell by my voice that I am 
quite hoarse. You will not, therefore, 
expect a speech from me.' 

"The whistle sounded and the train 
shot forward, Mr. Lincoln bowing 
and smiling to the people as he sped 
onward, while they, in return, gave 
such loud and repeated tokens c-f ap- 
plause as must have been cheering 
to the heart of our glorious standard 
bearer." 



LINCOLN'S TRIBUTE 
TOME QUAKERS 

Speech of 1S61. at Harrisburg, 

in Which He Praised 

the Friends. 



PEACE OF THE COUNTRY 



as 



To Be Preserved as Long- 
Was Consistent With 
National Welfare. 



[From the Public Ledger, Saturday, Feb- 
ruary 2.1, 1861. Part of a full account of Mr. 
Lincoln's movements at Philadelphia and Har- 
- j risburg.] 

Arrival at Harrisburg. 

HARRISBURG. Feb. 32.— The train j 
reached Harrisburg at 2 o'clock, its arri- | 
val being announced by the firing of a 
salute. 

On Mr. Lincoln's appearance on the 
platform he was greeted with enthusiastic 
applause. He was immediately conducted 
to the barouche in waiting, to which were 
attached six wtiiite horses. A procession 
was then formed, headed by a troop of 
horse, the rear being Drought up by an 
j extensive military escort. 

On arriving at the Jones House Mr. 
i | Lincoln appeared cm the balcony and was 
t introduced to the people In the present 
of 5000 of themn, who completely blocked 
the space In front of the hotel, by Gov- 
ernor Curtln. 

The Governor welcomed the honored 
guest to the capital of the State of Penn- 
sylvania with the assurance of the cordial 
sympathy of the people, who looked to 
him to restore peace, amity and good feel- 
ine throughout the country, and it recon- 
ciliation should fail, notwithstanding all 
patriotic efforts, they would be ready and 
willing to aid by men and money to main- 
tain the glorious Constitution. In con- 
clusion, he hoped that God would aid his 
efforts 1n sustaining the glory of the Gov- 
ernment and the prosperity of the people. | 
Keply of Mr. Lincoln to Gov. Curtin. 

Governor Curtin and Citizens of the 
State of Pennsylvania: Perhaps the 
best thing that I could do would be 
simply to Indorse the patriotic and elo- 
quent speech which your Governor has 
Just made In your hearing. I am quite 
sure that I am unable to address to 
you anything so appropriate as that 
which he has uttered. 

Reference has been made by him to 
the distraction of the public mind at 
this time and to the great task that is 
before me in entering upon the admin- 
istration of the General Government. 
With all the eloquence and ability that 
your Governor brings to this theme, I 
am quite sure he does not— in his situa- 
tion he cannot— appreciate as I do the 
weight of that great responsibility. I 
feel that, under God, in the strength of 
the arms and wisdom of the heads of 
these masses, after all, must be my 
support. As I have often had occasion! 



to say, I repeat to you — I am quite sure 
I do not deceive myself when I tell, you 
I bring to the work an honest heart! I 
dare not tell you that I bring a head 
sufficient for it. If my own strength 
should fail, I shall at least fall back 
iinnn thnnn mfls3e!». »•*«>-, ^— t+riTrtc, Tir, d e r 
any circumstances will not fail. 

Allusion has been made to the peace- 
ful principles upon which this great 
Commonwealth was originally settled. 
Allow me to add my meed of praise to 
those peaceful principles. I hope no one 
of the Friends who originally settled 
here, or who lived here since that time, 
or who live here now, has been or Is a 
more devoted lover of peace, harmony 
and concord than my humble self. 

While I have been proud to see today 
the finest military array, I think, that 
I have ever seen, allow me to say, in 
regard to those men, that they give 
hope of what may be done when war 
Is inevitable. But, at the same time, 
allow me to express the hope that in 
the shedding of blood their services 
may never be needed, especially in the 
shedding of fraternal blood. It shall be 
my endeavor to preserve the peace of 
this country so far as It can possibly 
be done consistently with the main- 
tenance of the institutions ol} the coun- 
try. With my consent, or without my 
great displeasure, this country shall 
never witness the shedding of one drop 
of blood in fraternal strife. 

And now, my fellow citizens, as I 
have made many speeches, will you 
allow me to bid you farewell? 

On the conclusion of his remarks the 
procession again formed in lino and pro- 
ceeded to fthe Capitol. Mr. Lincoln occu- 
pying a seat beside Governor Curtin. 



THE LINCOLN CONTEST 



By SARA YORKE STEVENSON. 



It is well for a nation to celebrate Its 
heroes. The public recognition of great- 
ness stimulates in others a desire to rise 
to a higher level. When the honored one 
is of the type of Abraham Lincoln, and 
embodies all the civic virtues most needed 
in a democracy, the holding up of the 
ideals, of the thoughts and acts, the accu- 
mulation of which have gone to form his 
greatness, is not only ah evidence of the 
appreciative gratitude of the nation which 
he served so faithfully, but a public les- 
son In civism. 

This view of the Lincoln centenary is at 
the basis of the great contest now opened 
by the Public Ledoer to the school chil- 
dren of this community. After each child 
has read the details of Lincoln's remark- 
able career with a view to competing in 
bringing forward before the public the 
most striking events in which he played 
a leading role— the most telling words 
which escaped from his lips, the noblest 
acts which have endeared him to poster- 
ity—the study cannot fail to leave its In- 
delible mark upon his mentality. To have 
dwelt ior a season upon the noblest Ideals 
and highest standards of the model citi- 
zen m,ust go far toward kindling in a 
boy's breast a desire to emulate him. With 
admiration there must come a wish to 
imitate. But the moral effect of such a 
training does not stop at the contestant 
himself; it extends to his whole family 
circle— to the brothers and sisters who are 
his companions, to the mother and father 
who are interested in his success, to his 
friends who hear him discourse upon the 
great and all-absorbing topic. If the new- 
old thought of the power of st^gestlon 



contains any truth, such contests as tha 
present one, by surrounding the Juvenile 
population growing up among us with an 
atmosphere vitalized with noble Ideas and 
the sublime example of a devoted person- 
ality, are calculated, more than anything 
that could be devised, to lift the coming 
generation above and beyond the depress- 
ing level of modern commercialism. For 
Lincoln's success was not one of wealth, 
but one of true elevation. Nothing can 
be more stimulating to the imagination 
than the sight of the humble little log 
cabin in Kentucky, in which the great war 
President was born, and it is an inspira- 
tion to think that, thanks to American In- 
stitutions, he who was born almost to 
squalor could, by sheer force of his splen- 
did personality, not only rise to greatness, 
but come to occupy the highest place In 
the love and respect of the entire world. 
It is therefore with the keenest interest 
I hat all who are anxious to encourage the 
development of a higher public spirit and 
a better social order will follow the re- 
sult of the school children's competition 
on Thursday next. 



CO A .u £K 



ABRAHAM LINCOLN 



Tho Geo' eh Cap and Military Oloak 
Ctory a Fabrication. 



Joe liotvartl Coiiteseies Tiiut lis 

Evoivtd II (rum the fllystorl* 

uv.rt UxplliM of His Journal- 



[Joe Howard in Philadelphia Press.] 
I bad been delegated by tlio paper i repre- 
sented to accompany Mr. Lincoln ami hia 
family from Springfield, 111., to Washington, 
and, of course, 1 did so. I stood within a 
yard of him when, in Trenton, he made the 
memorable assertion that it was time tho 
government put i Is foot down firmly, and I 
was with him in Philadelphia when he was 
comfortably housed in the Continental hotel, 
where the best peoj ile in the city vie 1 with 
each other to do him honor and pay him the 
respect so honestly his due. And, by the 
way, Miis is about as good a time as any for 
me io explain the Scotch cap and military 
cloak story, which long since passed into his- 
tory, and can be found in all the cyclopedias 
of the day. 

There isn't a word of truth in it. The in- 
tention was, after the reception and parade 
in Philadelphia, Mr. Lincoln and his party 
reviewing the torchlight wide-awakes and 
bands of music, anil attended by thousands, 
from his rooms on Chestnut street, to goby 
the rally train to ETarrisburg, where, as in 
big places, a reception was to be given, and 
a procession had in his honor, and thence di- 
rect to Washington. This plan, however, was 
thwarted by information brought to the Con- 
tinental, and communicated, I think, first to 
Mr. Kingsley and subsequently intrusted to 
Mr. Lincoln, although the wisdom of that 
step was then and has over since been 
doubted. The information was to the effect 
that tho train from Harrisburg was to be 
thrown from the track in the hope of killing 
the president-elect, without regard to the 
lives or safety of his wife and children and a 
largo number of notables who were accom- 
panying them 4Jrs. Kingsley and Lincoln and 
gent lemon in charge of the party, who were 
Col Wood, subsequently superintendent of 
buildings in Washington; Ward Lamon, sub- 
sequently marshal of the District of Colum- 
bia, and a detective in the secret service by 
the name of Hums, brother of the Burns 
who used to keep the Pierre pont house in 
Brooklyn, kept the secret well. It was an 
anxious night with those pe°P'° and with 
Mr Howard, Jr., who accompanie 1 the de- 
tective from Washington and brought the 
information to tho parties interested. The 
next morning the presidential group started, 
and a continuous ovation greeted them all 
the way to Harrisburg, where a vory credit- 



able turnout was made with speech, baud, 
and fireworks accompaniment. I went to 
my room in the hotel at night, and was pre- 
paring my dispatch to wire to this city when 
Detective Burns entered the room and 
locked the door. 

1 looked at him in amazement, and asked 
him what he meant, He told me 1 couldn't 
leave the room until the following morning 
I asked why, and to make a long story short, 
in spite of my throats and representations of 
BOriuiis embarrassment to me personally and 
professionally, tho conclusion was that I was 
not to leave until tho following morning, as 
it was for tho public good, which he, upon 
my promise not to use, explained, saying 
that Mr. Lincoln had already left by a 
special engine and car, and had gone back 
over his track in time to nntch the evsnitig 
tram from New York, while his family and 
the rest of the party would continue their 
journey in accordance with tho prearranged 
programme. He also informed me that 
the wires had been cut, and that communi- 
cation with New York was a physical 
impossibility, but that nevertheless his or- 
ders were that none of the newspaper men 
should leave their rooms that night. I at 
once wrote a dispatch beginning as follows: 
"Abraham Lincoln, president- elect of the 
United States, is safe in the city of Wash- 
ington," and then proceeded to narrate the 
ci re u instances, as unfolded to me by the de- 
tective, who, with considerable mystery, said 
that no one would recognize Mr. Lincoln at 
sight, and that the plans of tho conspirators 
weiv fortunately foiled. 

r 1 a-ked myself what possible disguise could 
Lincoln get in Harrisburg, and, as I wrote 
on, I imagined him in a Scotch cap, which 
would be al out as marked and opposite to his 
high silk hat as one could conceive, and v 
military cloak, which I borrowed, in my im- 
agination, from the shapely shouldors of Col. 
Sumner, who was traveling with the presi- 
dent-elect. My dispatch was sent very 
early in the mo; ning, and, by good 
luck, reached The Times office just as 
the day editor entered his room. His fust 
thought was : "Well, this*s a pretty time of 
day* for Howard's dispatch to arrive," and, 
taking it up, mechanically glanced at it 
The first sentence attracted his attention. 
Hurriedly reading it, and seeing its import 
ance, he ordered it put up and an extra got- 
ten out at once. The first thing known in 
this city by our esteemed contemporaries in 
especial and the public, in general was when 
1,0th) newsboys electrified the town with 
the extra Times and its astounding revelation 
of the diabolical plot against tin chosen head 
of tho nation. Inmiediatedly the illustrated 
papers took the matter up, and one and all 
printed pictures of Mr. Lincold fleeing from 
Harrisburg, arranged in this chimerical 
garb, a Scotch cap and long military cloak. 
The story was absolutely correct, the trim- 
mings were pure imagination. 



THE BURLINGTON \T„ FREE PRESS, FRIDAY. ^OTEMl^K^l. 1S84. 



<£-M- ,\4A u dtp "/"D OOa-^^t-OL^^fTjv^ 




From Tlie Life of Abraham Lincoln, Ida M. Tarbell. 

LINCOLN IN 1861 

The President-elect sat for this photograph in his inauguration clothes not long 
before leaving for Washington. 






(370 









CHAPTER XIV 

The Journey to Washington 

Farewell to Springfield Friends 

The start on the memorable journey was made shortly after 
eight o'clock on the morning of Monday, February u. It was a 
clear, crisp winter day. Only about one hundred people, mostly 
personal friends, were assembled at the station to shake hands for 
the last time with their distinguished townsman. It was not 




RAILROAD STATION WHERE LINCOLN SAID GOOD-BYE TO SPRINGFIELD 

strange that he yielded to the sad feelings which must have moved 
him at the thought of what lay behind and what was before him, 
and gave them utterance in a pathetic formal farewell to the gather- 
ing crowd, as follows : 

" My Friends, — No one not in my position can appreciate the 
sadness I feel at this parting. To this people I owe all that I am. 
Here I have lived more than a quarter of a century ; here my chil- 

(372) 



THE JOURNEY TO WASHINGTON 



3 73 



dren were born, and here one of them lies buried. I know not how 
soon I shall see you again. A duty devolves upon me which is, 
perhaps, greater than that which has devolved upon any other man 
since the days of Washington. He would never have succeeded 
except for the aid of Divine Providence, upon which he at all times 
relied. I feel that I cannot succeed without the same Divine aid 
which sustained him, and in the same Almighty Being I place my 
reliance for support ; and I hope you, my friends, will all pray that 
I may receive that Divine assistance, without which I cannot suc- 
ceed, but with which success is certain. Again I bid you all an 
affectionate farewell. " 

I reproduce this here, as but for me it would not have been 
preserved in the exact form in which it was delivered. It was 
entirely extemporized, and, knowing this, I prevailed upon Mr. 
Lincoln immediately after starting, to write it out for me on a 
" pad. " I sent it over the wires from the first telegraph station. 

Memoirs of Henry Villard, Vol. I, page 149. 



On the Way to Washington as Far as Indianapolis 

As the train which bore Mr. Lincoln went whirling and shriek- 
ing through the country, people everywhere assembled at the rail- 
road stations. The ladies and girls waved their handkerchiefs and 
threw bouquets into the cars, and the men and boys shouted for 
"Lincoln and the Constitution" at the top of their voices. Wher- 
ever the cars stopped long enough, Mr. Lincoln would make his 
appearance and say a few kind and pleasant words, and at places 
where he remained for several hours he sometimes made speeches of 
considerable length. At little villages, where the train only paused 
for a moment, he replied with bows and pleasant smiles to the 
greetings which everywhere met him 

At Tolono, amid deafening applause, he said : 

"I am leaving you on an errand of national importance, 
attended, as you are aware, with considerable difficulties. Let us 
believe, as some poet has expressed it : 

'"Behind the cloud the sun is still shining.' 

"I bid you an affectionate farewell." 



374 THE STORY -LIFE OF LINCOLN 

At Indianapolis Mr. Lincoln found the Governor of the State 
waiting for him in his carriage. The whole city had turned out to 
do Mr. Lincoln honor, and he was escorted to the Bates House in 
splendid style. In his address to the people from the balcony of 
the hotel, he said : 

" To the salvation of the Union there needs but one thing, — the 
hearts of a people like yours. Of the people, when they rise in mass 
in behalf of the Union and the liberties of their country, — truly may 
it be said : 

" 'The gates of hell cannot prevail against them.' " 

The Children's Life of Abraham Lincoln, M. Louise Putnam, page 112. 

At Cincinnati, Columbus, Pittsburg and Cleveland 

At Cincinnati Mr. Lincoln's reception was almost overwhelm- 
ing He remained at Cincinnati till the next morning, 

when he set off for Columbus, the capital of the State, attended 

by a portion of the Ohio Legislature Upon their arrival 

Mr. Lincoln was greeted by the Lieutenant-Governor. 
To the Legislature he said : 

" There has fallen upon me a task such as did not rest even upon 
the Father of his Country; and so feeling, I cannot but turn and 
look for the support without which it will be impossible for me to 
perform that great task. I turn, then, and look to the great Ameri- 
can people, and to that God who has never forsaken them. " . . . . 

The following morning Mr. Lincoln left Columbus, . . . and 
in the evening reached Pittsburg, where he was met, as usual, by a 
crowd of enthusiastic admirers. . . . .In the morning he was 
waited upon by the Mayor and Common Council of the city, to 
whom, after an address of welcome on their part, he said, referring 
to the tariff : 

"The tariff is a question of national housekeeping. It is 
to the Government what replenishing the meal tub is to the 
family. " 

From Pittsburg he went to Cleveland. Here the shouts and 

cheers of the people blended with the thunders of cannon 

Mr. Lincoln said, in closing: 



THE JOURNEY TO WASHINGTON 375 

" If all do not join now to save the good old Ship of the Union 
on this voyage, nobody will have a chance to pilot her on another 
voyage. " 

The Children's Life of Abraham Lincoln, M. Louise Putnam, page 113. 

Lincoln and the Coal-heaver 

When Lincoln was on his way to assume the office of President, 
the train was delayed at Freedom, Pennsylvania, by an accident to a 
freight train that was a little way ahead, and, while he was there, I 
saw him again. Some things happened that I have never seen in 
print. He was accompanied by Major Sumner, whom I knew as 
commander of the United States troops in Kansas, in 1856, and 
Colonel Elmer Ellsworth, of the celebrated regiment of Zouaves. 
Neither Major Sumner nor Colonel Ellsworth was tall, and, as they 
stood beside Lincoln on the rear platform, while he made his ad- 
dress, they looked shorter than they really were. At the close of 
Lincoln's short speech, a coal-heaver called out : 

" Abe, they say you are the tallest man in the United States, 
but I don't believe you are any taller than I am." Lincoln replied : 

"Come up here and let us measure." 

The coal-heaver pressed his way through the crowd and climbed 
on the platform, where Lincoln and he stood back to back. Turn- 
ing to Colonel Ellsworth, Lincoln said : 

"Which is the taller?" 

Colonel Ellsworth, being so much shorter, could not tell, so he 
climbed on the guard rail, and, putting his hand across the top of the 
heads of the two men, said : " I believe that they are exactly the 
same height." Then Lincoln and the coal-heaver turned around 
and faced each other. The crowd shouted loudly when Lincoln took 
the black, sooty hand of the coal-heaver in his and gave a hearty 
hand -shake to the man who was his equal — in height. 

Personal Recollections of Abraham Lincoln, Thomas H. Tibbies. Success Magazine, Vol, IX, Feb- 
ruary, 1906, page 137. 

Gives Tad a "Good Spanking" 

The car in which the party was riding was an ordinary passenger 
car of those days. No one would submit to riding in such a car 
now. Mrs. Lincoln and the children were in the car, She sat on 



376 THE STORY -LIFE OF LINCOLN 

the side next the platform and did not seem to notice anything that 
was going on. There was a small boy in the seat with her who 
became known as " Tad, " in after years. He was full of mischief. 
He raised the car window an inch or two and tried to catch the 
fingers of the boys outside as they stuck them under, by slamming it 
down. When Lincoln went back into the car he told Tad to stop 
that, but in a few minutes the boy was at the same trick again. 
Lincoln spoke to him the second time. The boy obeyed, but was 
soon at the same old trick again. Lincoln leaned over, drew the 
boy across his knee, and gave him a good spanking, saying; 

"Why do you want to mash those boys' fingers?" 

After a while the wreck ahead was cleared away and the train 
pulled out. Lincoln came to the rear platform and acknowledged 
the shouts of the people as the train passed between them. A man 
standing near me said : 

" He is not the kind of man that I expected to see, except that 
he is tall. I expected to see a jolly -looking man. While he sat in 
the car I watched him through a window. He looked sad enough 
to be going to his death instead of to be inaugurated President of 
the United States." 

Personal Recollections of Abraham Lincoln, Thomas H. Tibbies. Success Magazine, Vol. IX, Febru- 
ary, 1906, page 137. 

New York State and City 

The next morning Mr. Lincoln took his departure for Buffalo, 
where he remained over Sunday, and on Monday morning left for 
Rochester, at which place he spoke a few words to the assembled 
crowd At Syracuse the people had erected a very hand- 
some platform for Mr. Lincoln to stand upon while he addressed 
them; but there was not time for him to ascend it. He said a few 
kind words to them, however, and then proceeded to Utica. Here 
the train paused only a few moments, and then sped on to Albany, 
where a great procession escorted Mr. Lincoln to the State House. . 

Mr. Lincoln next passed on to Troy, where he thanked the 
people very kindly for their great reception. At Hudson he spoke 
a few words, but had not time to ascend the beautiful platform 
which they had erected for him. At Poughkeepsie great honors 
were showered on him, and at Peekskill 



THE JOURNEY TO WASHINGTON 377 

Mr. Lincoln now proceeded to New York, where he arrived at 
three in the afternoon. Business was suspended and all Broadway 
was crammed with the immense throng which tried to catch a 
glimpse of the future President, as he was being escorted to the 
Astor House. Mr. Lincoln stepped upon the balcony of the hotel, 
and showed himself to the excited multitude, who kept calling for 
him ; but he was too tired to make a speech. 

The Children's Life of Abraham Lincoln, M. Louise Putnam, page 117. 

At Trenton, New Jersey 

At Trenton he was received by a portion of the Legislature 
and escorted to the State House. Here he said : 

"May I be pardoned if upon this occasion I mention that 
away back in my childhood, the earliest days of my being able to 
read, I got hold of a small book, . . . Weems's ' Life of Wash- 
ington.' I remember the accounts there given of the battlefields 
and struggles for the liberties of the country ; and none fixed them- 
selves upon my imagination so deeply as the struggle here at 
Trenton, New Jersey. The crossing of the river, the contest with 
the Hessians, the great hardships endured at that time — all fixed 
themselves upon my memory more than any single Revolutionary 
event. ... I recollect thinking then, boy even though I was, 
that there must have been something more than common that these 
men struggled for. " .... 

Addressing the other branch of the Legislature, he said : 

"The man does not live who is more devoted to peace than I 
am, none w r ho would do more to preserve it, but it may be necessary 
to put the foot down firmly. And if I do my duty and do right, 
you will sustain me, will you not?" 

He was answered with hearty cheers and cries of "Yes, yes, 
we will!" 

The Children's Life of Abraham Lincoln, M. Louise Putnam, page 120. 

At Independence Hall on Washington's Birthday 

From Trenton Mr. Lincoln proceeded to Philadelphia, and was 
escorted to the Continental Hotel. While in this city he was 
invited to raise the national flag over Independence Hall, where the 



378 THE STORY -LIFE OF LINCOLN 

Declaration of Independence was first published to the world. 
Before raising the flag he said : 

" I have often pondered over the dangers which were incurred 
by the men who assembled here and framed and adopted that 
Declaration of Independence. ... I have often inquired of 
myself what great principle or idea it was that kept this confederacy 
so long together. It was not the mere matter of separation of the 
Colonies from the Mother-land, but that sentiment in the Declara- 
tion of Independence which gave liberty, not alone to the people of 
this country, but hope to all the world for all future time. It was 
that which gave promise that in due time the weight would be 
lifted from the shoulders of all men and that all should have an equal 
chance. This is the sentiment embodied in the Declaration of 
Independence. 

"Now, my friends, can this country be saved upon that basis? 
If it can, I shall consider myself one of the happiest men in the 
world if I can help to save it. If it cannot be saved upon that 
principle, it will be truly awful. But if this country cannot be 
saved without giving up that principle, I was about to say I would 
rather be assassinated on this spot than surrender it. I have said 
nothing but what I am willing to live by, and, if it be the pleasure 
of Almighty God, to die by. " 

He was escorted to a platform in front of the building, and the 
cord was placed in his hands. The beautiful flag arose to the top 
of the staff, and he says himself : 

" It floated gloriously to the wind without an accident, in the 
bright, glowing sunshine of the morning. " 

The Children's Life of Abraham Lincoln, M. Louise Putnam, page xai. 

Mr. Lincoln Tells Why He Passed through Baltimore in the Night 

"Mr. Judd, a warm personal friend of mine from Chicago, sent 
for me to come to his room (at the Continental Hotel, Philadelphia, 
February 21st). I went, and found there Mr. Pinkerton, a skillful 
police detective, also from Chicago, who had been employed for 
some days in Baltimore watching or searching for suspicious persons 
there. Pinkerton informed me that a plan had been laid for my 
assassination, the exact time when I expected to go through Balti- 



THE JOURNEY TO WASHINGTON 379 



more being publicly known. He was well informed as to the plan, 
but did not know that the conspirators would have pluck enough to 
execute it. He urged me to go right through with him to Wash- 
ington that night. I didn't like that. I had made engagements to 
visit Harrisburg and go from there to Baltimore, and I resolved to 
do so. I could not believe that there was a plot to murder me. 

"I made arrangements, however, with Mr. Judd for my return 
to Philadelphia the next night, if I should be convinced that there 
was danger in going through Baltimore. I told them that if I 
should meet at Harrisburg, as I had at other places, a delegation to 
go on with me to the next place (Baltimore), I should feel safe and 
go on. When I was making my way back to my room, through 
crowds of people, I met Frederick Seward. We went together to 
my room when he told me that he had been sent, at the instance 
of his father and General Scott, to inform me that their detectives 
in Baltimore had discovered a plot there to assassinate me. They 
knew nothing of Mr. Pinkerton's movements. I now believed such 
a plot to be in existence." 

Lossing's History of Die Civil War, Vol. I, page 278. 

How Robert Lincoln Lost His Father's Inaugural Address 

Mr. Lincoln had prepared his first inaugural address in a room 
over a store in Springfield. His only reference works were Henry 
Clay's great Compromise Speech of 1850, Andrew Jackson's Procla- 
mation against Nullification, Webster's great Reply to Hayne, and a 
copy of the Constitution. 

When Mr. Lincoln started for Washington to be inaugurated, 
the inaugural address was placed in a special satchel and guarded 
with special care. At Harrisburg the satchel was given in charge 
of Robert T. Lincoln, who accompanied his father. Before the 
train started from Harrisburg the precious satchel was missing. 
Robert thought he had given it to a waiter at the hotel, but a long 
search failed to reveal the bag with its precious document. Lincoln 
was annoyed, angrv, and finally in despair. He felt certain that 
the address was lost beyond recovery, and, as it lacked only ten 
days until the inauguration, he had no time to prepare another. 
He had not even preserved the notes from which the original copy 
had been written. 

Mr. Lincoln went to Ward Lamon, his former law partner, then 



3 8o THE STORY -LIFE OF LINCOLN 

one of his body-guard, and informed him of the loss in the following 
words : 

" Lamon, I guess I have lost my certificate of moral character, 
written by myself. Bob has lost the gripsack containing my 
inaugural address. " .... 

The clerk at the hotel told Mr. Lincoln that he would probably 
find his missing satchel in the baggage-room. Arriving there, Mr. 
Lincoln saw a satchel which he thought was his, and it was passed 
out to him. His key fitted the lock, but, alas ! when it was opened 
the bag contained only a soiled shirt, some paper collars and a bottle 
of whiskey. A few minutes later the satchel containing the inau- 
gural address was found among the pile of baggage. 

The recovery of the address reminded Mr. Lincoln of a story, 
which is thus narrated by Ward Lamon in his "Recollections of 
Abraham Lincoln ' ' : 

The loss of the address and the search for it was the subject of 
a great deal of amusement. Mr. Lincoln said many funny things 
in connection with the incident. One of them was that he knew a 
fellow once who had saved up fifteen hundred dollars, and had 
placed it in a private banking establishment. The bank soon 
failed, and he afterward received ten per cent, of his investment. 
He then took his one hundred and fifty dollars and deposited it in a 
savings bank, where he was sure it would be safe. In a short time 
this bank also failed, and he received at the final settlement ten per 
cent, on the amount deposited. When the fifteen dollars was paid 
over to him, he held it in his hand and looked at it thoughtfully, 
then he said : 

" Now, darn you! I have got you reduced to a portable shape, 
so I'll put you in my pocket. " 

Suiting the action to the word, Mr. Lincoln took his address 
from the bag and carefully placed it in the inside pocket of his vest, 
but held on to the satchel with as much interest as if it still con- 
tained his " certificate of moral character. " 

Abe Lincoln s Yarns and Stories, Edited by Col. Alex. K. McClure, page in. 

A Railroad Official's Letter 

On the night of February 9th [1861] I sent you a letter, as fol- 
lows: 
"Allan Pinkerton, Esq., Chicago, Illinois. 

"Yours of the 6th inst., received. I am informed that a son 



THE JOURNEY TO WASHINGTON 381 

of a distinguished citizen of Maryland said he had taken an oath 
with others to assassinate Mr. Lincoln before he gets to Washington, 
and they may attempt to do it while he is passing over our road. 
I think you had better look after this man if possible. This infor- 
mation is perfectly reliable. I have nothing more to say at this 
time. I shall try and see you in a few days. 

"On the night of the 22nd of February, 1861, Mr. Kenny and 
yourself met Mr. Lincoln at the West Philadelphia depot, and took 
him in a carriage over to the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore 
Railroad depot. Mr. Lincoln took a berth in the sleeping car, and 
at eleven p.m. the train left the depot for Washington. I met you 
in our depot at Baltimore, went into the sleeping car and whispered 
in your ear ' all is right, ' which seemed to be welcome news to 
you — it certainly was to me. Mr. Lincoln arrived in Washington 
without even the officers of the train knowing that he was aboard. 

(Signed) "William Stearns. " 
(Master Machinist of the Philadelphia, 
Wilmington & Baltimore R. R.) 

Extract from a letter to Allan Pinkerton, in History and Passage of Abraham Lincoln from Harris- 
burg, Pa., to Washington, D. C, — on the 22nd and 23d of February, 1861, page 21. 

Unexpectedly Met in Washington 

On the afternoon of the 23d (of February), Mr. Seward came 
to my seat in the House of Representatives, and told me he had no 
information from his son nor anyone else in respect of Mr. Lincoln's 
movements, and that he could have none, as the wires were all cut, 
but he thought it very probable he would arrive in the regular train 
from Philadelphia, and he suggested that we would meet in the 
depot to receive him. We were promptly on hand; the train 
arrived on time, and with strained eyes we watched the descent of 
the passengers. 

But there was no Mr. Lincoln among them ; though his arrival 
was by no means certain, yet we were much disappointed. But 
as there was no telegraphic connection, it was impossible for us to 
have any information. It was no use to speculate. Sad, disap- 
pointed, and under the empire of conflicting emotions we separated 
to go to our respective homes ; but agreeing to be at the depot on the 
arrival of the New York train the next morning before daylight, 



38 = 



THE STORY -LIFE OF LINCOLN 



hoping either to meet the President or get information as to his 
movements. 

I was on hand in season, but to my great disappointment, 
Governor Seward did not appear. I planted myself behind one of 
the great pillars in the old Washington and Baltimore depot, where 
I could see and not be observed. Presently the train came rum- 
bling in on time. It was a moment of great anxiety to me. . . . 

As I have stated, I stood behind the pillar awaiting the arrival 
of the train. When it came to a stop I watched with fear and 
trembling to see the passengers descend. I saw every car emptied, 
and there was no Mr. Lincoln. I was well-nigh in despair, and when 
about to leave I saw slowly emerge from the last sleeping-car three 
persons. I could not mistake the long, lank form of Mr. Lincoln, and 
my heart bounded with joy and gratitude. He had on a soft low- 
crowned hat, a muffler around his neck, and a short bob-tailed over- 
coat. Any one who knew him at that time could not have failed to 
recognize him at once 

The only persons that accompanied Mr. Lincoln were Pinkerton, 
the well-known detective . . and Ward H. Lamon. When they 
were fairly on the platform and a short distance from the car, I 
stepped forward and accosted the President: 

"How are you, Lincoln?" 

At this unexpected and rather familiar salutation the gentle- 
men were apparently somewhat startled, but Mr. Lincoln, who 
recognized me, relieved them at once by remarking in his peculiar 

voice : 

"This is only Washburne!" 

Then we all exchanged congratulations and walked out to the 
front of the depot, where I had a carriage in waiting. Entering the 
carriage (all four of us) we drove rapidly to Willard's Hotel, entering 
on Fourteenth street, before it was fairly daylight. The porter 
showed us into the little receiving room at the head of the stairs, and 
at my direction went to the office to have Mr. Lincoln assigned a room. 

We had not been in the hotel more than two minutes before 
Governor Seward hurriedly entered, much out of breath and some- 
what chagrined to think he had not been up in season to be at the 
depot on the arrival of the train. The meeting of these two great 
men, under the extraordinary circumstances which surrounded 
them was full of emotion and thankfulness. 



THE JOURNEY TO WASHINGTON 383 

I soon took my leave . . and as I passed out the outside door, 
the Irish porter said to me with a smiling face : 

"And faith, it is you that brought us a Prisident!" 

Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln, Elihu B. Washburne. Edited by Allen Thorndike Rice, page 36, 

Chaotic Condition of the Government 

The condition of the Government when Lincoln reached Wash- 
ington may be described as chaotic. Bewildered and intimidated 
by threats of secession, most of the political leaders in the North 
had lost their heads, and their Babel of incoherences merely aggra- 
vated the hopeless confusion. During the first weeks of December, 
i860, at least forty bills, each promising national salvation, were 
introduced into the House and Senate, and more futile propositions 
were probably never submitted to a legislative body. Every form 
of weak-kneed compromise from sentimental sop to abject surrender 
had its nervous advocate, and between Andrew Johnson's puerile 
scheme of giving the Presidency to the South and the Vice-Presi- 
dency to the North, and vice versa, every alternate four years, and 
Daniel Sickles's wild-eyed pother about New York City's separa- 
tion from the Union, every phase of political dementia was painfullv 
exhibited. 

It was not only the mental weaklings who collapsed under the 
strain. There were men of force and character among the panic- 
stricken. . . . President Buchanan . . employed his legal tal- 
ents to such poor advantage that he virtually argued against his 
own client, noting prohibitions, negations, and general impotency 
in every line of the Constitution, but not seeing one word of help in 
it for the government he represented. As Seward remarked, his 
long and argumentative message to Congress in December, i860, 
conclusively proved, first, that no State had the right to secede 
unless it wanted to, and, second, that it was the President's duty 
to enforce the law unless somebody opposed him 

Seward himself, able lawyer though he was, completely lost 
his head a few months later, his particular mania taking the suicidal 
form of averting the civil perils by instigating a foreign war. . . . 
And Horace Greeley, almost beside himself with grief and fear, 
quavered out empty suggestions for conciliation which only in- 
creased the public perplexity. 

Lincoln the Lawyer, Frederick Trevor Hill, page 293. 



CHAPTER XV 

At the Helm of State 

The Morning before the Inauguration 

Daybreak of March 4, 1861, found the city of Washington astir. 
The Senate, which had met at seven o'clock the night before, was 
still in session ; scores of persons who had come to see the inau- 
guration of the first Republican President, and who had been unable 
to find other bed than the floor, were walking the streets; the 
morning trains were bringing new crowds. Added to the stir of 
those who had not slept through the night were sounds unusual in 
Washington — the clatter of cavalry, the tramp of soldiers. 

All this morning bustle of the city must have reached the 
ears of the President-elect, at his rooms at Willard's Hotel, where, 
from an early hour he had been at work. An amendment to 
the Constitution of the United States had passed the Senate in the 
all-night session, and as it concerned the subject of his Inaugural, 
he must incorporate a reference to it in the address. Then he had 
not replied to the note he had received two days before from Mr. 
Seward, asking to be released from his promise to accept the port- 
folio of State. He could wait no longer. 

" I can't afford, " he said to Mr. Nicolay, his secretary, "to let 
Seward take the first trick. " 

And he despatched the following letter : 

"My dear Sir: — Your note of the 2nd instant, asking to with- 
draw your acceptance of my invitation to take charge of the State 
Department, was duly received. It is the subject of the most 
painful solicitude to me, and I feel constrained to beg that you will 
countermand the withdrawal. The public interest, I think, de- 
mands that you should ; and my personal feelings are deeply inter- 
ested in the same direction. Please consider and answer by 9 A.M. 
to-morrow. Your obedient servant, 

"A. Lincoln." 
(384) 



Men and Things 

Old Philadelphian, Civil War Veteran, 
Eye-Witness of Lincoln's Memor- 
able Visit to Philadelphia in 1861 
and Actual Participant in In- 
dependence Hall Flag-Raising 
Ceremony, Recalls and 
Describes Details of That 
Historic Event 

MEN who knew Lincoln are few. 
It has been sixty-seven years 
since he died. But in the 
memory of one Philadelphian, Major 
Henry J. Snyder, -who celebrated the 
ninety-third anniversary of his birth- 
day on March, 22 last, the recollection 
of Lincoln's visits to this city is as 
strong and dear as if it had just 
happened. Says he : 

"I was one of a company of Phila- 
deiphians invited to turn out, <Jn the 
eve of Washington's birthday, in 1S61, 
to escort Mr. Lincoln to his hotel. He 
was then the President-elect, and it 
was his first official visit to the city. 
I was asked to gather a cavalcade of 
cavalrymen to escort him. According- 
ly, at seven o'clock on February 21, 
we assembled at the old Kensington 
depot, at Front and Berks streets, and 
when the President's train arrived wc 
escorted him down to the Continental 
Hotel where he was to stop over night. 
"When we arrived there we drew up 
in line on the north side of the street 
facing the hotel, and finally Mr. Lin- 
coln's tall, lanky figure was seen as 
he stepped out on the balcony. His 
face seemed illumined by wonderful 
inspiration as he responded to the 
cheers of the crowd and addressed a 
few words of thanks for the greeting 
and escort tendered him. At the time 
I was a member of the old Empire 
Hook and Ladder Company, which had 
its truck house on Franklin street 
near Wood, and when my company 
had left the Continental and reached 
Ninth' and Vine streets, where the 
paraders dispersed, Chief David M. 
Lyle, who then headed the volunteer 
fire fighters, came up to me and said: 
'Snyder, I want the Empire Hook and 
Ladder Company to be prepared to 
go into action on a sunrise alarm to-! 
morrow morning from Independence i 
Hall, to get down there as quickly as 
possible and have all ladders in posi- 
tion before Mr. Lincoln raises the 
flag over the Hall.' 

*'I was only a young fellow at the 
time and it naturally filled me with 
enthusiasm. Going to the truck house 
I remained there over night so as to 
be ready to respond to the sunrise 
alarm. But. I found I could not sleep. 

The anticipation of the 
Present morning's events kept 

At Lincoln me awake. At four 

Flag Raising o'clock I got up and 

waited for the dawn. Be 
fore the alarm came we were all 
ready. On the first tap of the alarm 
we hustled out and ran down to the 
American -Hotel, on the north side of 
Chestnut street between Fifth and 
Sixth. The brace ladder was thrown 
against the building. The third story 
ladder was next placed against the 
hotel, and the men mounted it and 
stood at attention. Presently Mr. Lin- 
coln came out of the State House, pro- 
ceeded to a small stand that was erect- 
ed in front, threw off his overcoat, 
took hold of the halyards and pulled 
hard as he raised a great bundle, con- 
taining the flag, to the top of the pole. 
"When the check cord was pulled 
and the flag, a beautiful banner of 
China silk, was broken out by the 
breeze the cheers, yells and hurrahs 
that went up from the crowd were 
louder than any I ever heard. It was 
a great day, and I was proud to be 
there and to share in it. What became 
of the flag I do not know. It was a 
fine and historic banner made by sailors 
on board the U. S. S. Hartford, as that 
ship was on its way home from China 
waters, and the flag had been intended 
for presentation to the port where the 
men w«re to be paid off— which hap- 
pened, in this case, to be the port of 



Phlladeipuu 

The patriotic pride and enthusiasm 
which then filled the breast of the 
young Philadelphian who was thus 
privileged to take part in an historic 
occasion carried him a few weeks 
later into the service of his country— 
a service that was to continue in civil 
as well as military office for more 
than a half century. On April 9, 1SC1, 
three days before Fort Sumter was 
fired on, Captain Peter Fritz, of the 
National Greys, offered that body of 
militiamen to Governor Curtin. Six 
days later the offer was accepted, and 
under command of Colonel William 
D. Lewis, after a brief encampment on 
Washington Square, the Greys went 
to Baltimore, where they were called 
on to guard the supplies at Fort Mo- 
Henry. 

Young Henry Snyder, then a private, 
was a member of Company G. Later 
in the war he served with various 
emergency regiments 
War Service summoned to the de- 
liegiui With fensc of the State by 
Militiamen Curtin, and in July. 
1864, when the old 
Twentieth Militia Regiment, organized 
for the defense of the State in 1862, 
was reformed as the 192d Regiment, 
he became Captain of Company A. A 
few days later, the regiment being 
increased to fourteen companies, he 
was promoted to the rank of Major. 

Again there was service at Fort Mc- 
Henry. Later the regiment was shift- 
ed to Johnson's Island, on Lake Erie, 
where there were many prisoners of 
war to be guarded; then to Gallipolis, 
Ohio, where an immense quantity of 
war supplies had to be guarded from 
raiders and guerillas, and where Ma- 
jor Snyder was given command of a 
gunboat on patrol duty on the Ohio. 
Later he was sent to Charlestown, 
West Virginia, then back to Gallipolis, 
an! finally to Philadelphia where the 
regiment was mustered out. 



After that Major Snyder was em- 
ployed for a time at the Navy Yard, 
where he served as a foreman. Then 
he secured an appointment in the Cus- 
toms service, and for fifty-seven years 
was one of the best known revenue 
agents in this city, for ten years serv- 
ing as the Chief of the Day Inspection, 
and when he was past the age of 
eighty being assigned to the inspec- 
tion of foreign parcel post packages at 
the Post Office. 

Ten years ago the Major retired 
from active duty, but today, although 
entering on his ninety-fourth year, he 
is a fine figure of well-preserved man- 
hood, with eyes that appear undimmed 
by age, with color in his cheeks, ani- 
mation and youth in his voice and a 
distinction in his bearing and appear- 
ance that mark him as one to whom 
age has been both kind and generous. 
He has come through life with a sun- 
ny optimism and, as he says, with 
an unbounded admiration for the good 
that is in men. "The longer you live," 
he says, "the more you come to love 
men and to appreciate how wonderful 
is man. To me there is no greater 
joy than to meet and know people. 
And when you get to know them you 
will find there is a wonderful lot of 
goodness that doesn't show on the 
surface." 



The visit of President Lincoln, which 
Major Snyder remembers so vividly, 
was one of two public or ceremonial 
visits which the President made to this 
city after his election, 
Lincoln's the other being the time 

Second when he came here in 

Formal Visit 18tii to attend the Sani- 
tary Fair in Logan 
Square, on which occasion he visited 
the Union League, then housed in the 
Baldwin Mansion, on Chestnut street, 
where Keith's Theatre is located now. 
His visit here, in 1861, on his way 
to Washington, where he was to be 
inaugurated a few days later, was an 
occasion of great import. To make it 
ail the more impressive and to re- 
lieve it of any suggestion of partisan- 
ship, it was prepared as a tribute to 
the President-elect, a celebration of 



Washington's Birthday and a patriotic 
festival over the growth of the Union, 
rather than as a celebration of a Re- 
publican victory. 

A committee of Councils met Lincoln 
in Cleveland on his way East and ten- 
dered him an engrossed invitation to 
visit the city. On his acceptance the 
Councilmen had hastened back home to 
begin preparations. Some wanted to 
hold a military parade, but that was 
voted down in the preference for a civic 
turnout, and with the exception of the 
Washington Greys, who marched with 
the procession and formed a guard of 
honor at the Continental Hotel upon 
Lincoln's arrival there, the cavalry 
cavalcade ,in which Major Snyder par- 
ticipated, along with Captain Charles 
Thomson Jones' Dragoons from Mana- 
yunk and Captain Becker's Black Hus- 
sars, constituted the military escort. 

On February 21 some of the com- 
mittee went up to Trenton to meet 
Lincoln. When he arrived he was given 
a place in an open barouche drawn by 
four white horses, and the procession, 
led by Colonel Peter C. Ellrnaker, 
proceeded down Frankford road to 
Girard avenue, thence to Sixth, to 
Arch, to Sixteenth, to Walnut, to Ninth 
street and to the hotel. There Mayor 
Henry welcomed him to the city and 
the President-elect replied before pro- 
ceeding to take his place at the head 
of the grand staircase where he held a 
reception which lasted until late that 
night. 

The next mornjng he was out of bed 
before daybreak. At dawn the whole 
town was roused by the 
Lincoln ' firing of a national sa- 

tsticks to lute and the blowing of 

His Program whistles and ringing of 
bells. At 7 o'clock a 
committee of Councils waited on the 
President-elect and, with the members 
of the Scott Legion as escort, they 
marched to Independence Hall, enter- 
ing by the rear entrance. Proceeding 
to the Select Council Chamber Lincoln 
received another address of welcome, 
inspected the portraits and relics, and 
then stepped out to the small stage 
erected in front of the hall, on the 
spot later marked by Post 2 of the 
Grand Army of the Republic. 

After a few remarks, a prayer by 
the Rev. Henry Steele Clark, and a 
brief address by Lincoln, the flag was 
unfurled. 

As the flag broke out to the breeze 
the Washington Greys, stationed in 
the Square, fired a salute, the crowd 
cheered and enthusiasm cut loose. 
Lincoln then rode out to West Phila- 
delphia, cheered and greeted with 
cries of affection along the entire 
route. There another crowd was on 
hand to witness his departure for 
Harrisburg at 9.30. 

Lincoln's visit to Philadelphia won 
many friends for him, consolidated 
the spirit of the Unionists and made 
firm the resolution of some who had 
wavered through their sympathy for 
the South. Later on the same day 
he came back secretly from Harris- 
burg, slipping quietly out of that city 
after dark, when all wires were cut 
to prevent his departure from becom- 
ing known. Under the careful guardian- 
ship of the railroad executives and the 
detectives he re-entered Philadelphia 
about ten o'clock. In a closed car- 
riage he was driven up and down the 
city until about 11.30, when he pro- 
ceeded to Broad and Prime streets 
Uhe Washington avenue depot! and 
boarded a train for Washington. That 
was the exciting sequel to his visit 
here on Washington's birthday. A few 
years later his body lay in state in 
Independence Hall for two days on its 
way from Washington to Springfield. 



I INCOLN DAY at the Union League 
has become a fixture in that in- 
stitution. The League was organized 
at the beginning of the Civil War as 
Jhe Union Club, out of which soon 
'grew the Union League as a more fit- 
ting and appropriate title, and it was 
one of Lincoln's strongest supporters. 
It was largely in response to his call 
that the founders of the League got 
together to help preserve the Union 
and it was with a stirring patriotic 
sentiment, the influence of which is 
still felt at such gatherings as last 
evenings, that the League raised and 
equipped regiments for the Union 
Army. Year after year since then 
the members have gathered to listen 
to patriotic or commemorative ad- 
dresses delivered on or about the 12th 
of February by speakers of national 
note. 

Last night it was Ernest Lee 
Jahncke, Assistant Secretary of the 
Navy who, although his home is in 
New Orleans, where he is connected 
with various businesses concerned 
with the development of that port, is 
a member of the League. There was 
special fitness in having Mr. Jahncke 
as the speaker, for his wife, who was 
Miss Cora Van Voorhis Stanton be- 
fore her marriage, is a granddaughter 
of Edwin M. Stanton, one of the two 
Pennsylvanians Lincoln called to his 
Cabinet and who, succeeding Simon 
Cameron, the other one of the two, 
in 1862, continued throughout the rest 
of the Civil War and for two years 
afterward, until he was followed by 
Grant, to serve as Secretary of War. 

The speakers on these occasions 
have always been notable. Sometimes, 
as in the case of Major William H. 
Lambert, they have been selected be- 
cause of their special knowledge of 
Lincoln. From the President's Cabinet 
have been drawn men like Assistant 
Attorney General Seth 
Lincoln W. Richardson and Wil- 

Memories at Ham Donovan. General 
Union League Pershing spoke at the 
League not long ago on 
one of these occasions. Senator Fess, 
of Ohio, delivered, in 1924, what some 
considered a key-note addrese. Sena- 
tor Albert J. Beveridge was the Lin- 
coln Day orator in 1899 when the coun- 
try was still thrilled with its victory 
in the Spanish-American War. That 
year Booker T. Washington, as a fine 
example of the benefit that has come 
t~> the colored race as a result of the 
emancipation of the slaves, was among 
the speakers. Men of note in the pul- 
pit like the Rev. Joseph Fort Newton 
and Dr, S. Parke Cadman. have also 
taken £art in these assemblies. William 
S. Homiller, superintendent of the 
League, says he still remembers the 
eloquent address which former Gov- 
ernor Black, of New York, delivered 
many years ago and how, at one of 
the Lincoln Day celebrations, he re- 
minded his hearers that "groves are 
better than temples, fields are better 
than gorgeous carpetings, rail fences 
are better than lines of kneeling 
slaves, and the winds are better than 
music, if you are raising heroes and 
founding governments." 

Greatest of all these February jubil- 
ations was that which took place in 
1913, when, in dual celebration of Lin- 
coln's birthday and of the 50th anni- 
versary of the League, President Taft 
and his entire Cabinet came from 
Washington to be joined there by Gov- 
ernor Tener and Mayor Blankenburg 
in one of the most notable gatherings 
the League House has ever seen. 



j'fry 



Recalls Lincoln 




Ledeer Photo 

JAMES B. NICHOLSON 





Veteran Recalls President 

Hoisting Flag Atop Shrine 

February 22, 1861 



HERE AS MAYOR'S GUEST 



"Seventy-two years ago I watched 
Abraham Lincoln hoist the Stars 
and Stripes to the top of the pole 
of Independence Hall," yesterday 
reminisced James B. Nicholson, of 
4509 North Gratz street. 

"I wonaer if there's any one else 
alive today who watched that 
glorious event? 

"It was on Washington's Birth- 
day, February 22, 1861, Lincoln 
raised that flag— at 7 o'clock in the 
morning. Great cheers went up 
from the immense crowd that 
packed Chestnut street from 5th to 
6th streets. 

"After the flag-raising he and 
Mayor Alexander Henry took their 
places in an open barouche and 
were escorted to the Continental 
Hotel. The" were preceded by Birg- 
neld's Band and the Scott Legion 
of Veterans of the Mexican War. 
That night Lincoln left for Wash- 
ington and reached the national 
capital in safety. 

"I was 16 when I watched Lincoln 
raise thal> flag. Now I am 88." 

Mr. Nicholson is a hale and 
hearty veteran of the Civil War. 
He served more than three years in 
the United States Navy during that 



war. 



i 




Bulletin of the Lincoln National Life Foundation ------- Dr. Louis A. Warren, Editor. 

Published each week by The Lincoln National Life Insurance Company, of Fort Wayne, Indiana. 



No. 263 



FORT WAYNE, INDIANA 



April 23, 1934 



LINCOLN IN OHIO 

Ohio and Ohio men had much to 
do with the legal and political career 
of Abraham Lincoln. To an Ohio 
newspaper goes the credit for first 
suggesting Abraham Lincoln as a 
candidate for the presidency; and it 
was an Ohio man who said, upon the 
announcement of his death, "Now he 
belongs to the ages." 

December 18U9 

On Christmas Eve, 1849, Abraham 
Lincoln wrote a letter to Judge Hitch- 
cock at Columbus, Ohio, about legal 
proceedings in which he was inter- 
ested. The letter was written from 
Cincinnati, and it appears as if Lin- 
coln must have been there three or 
four days. It is not clear whether or 
not he went to Columbus as the letter 
implies that he might. In this, Lin- 
coln's fix - st case in Ohio courts, he 
was associated with T. D. Lincoln of 
Cincinnati. 

September 1855 

The famous McCormick-Manny case 
was responsible for Lincoln's visit to 
Cincinnati in the fall of 1855. Here 
he met Edwin M. Stanton who had 
also been retained by the defendant. 
Lincoln was greatly humiliated by 
Stanton taking the initiative in the 
case, although it is not likely that all 
the traditions extant about Stanton's 
abuse of Lincoln can be confirmed. 
Lincoln arrived in Cincinnati on Sep- 
tember 19 and was entertained at the 
home of W. M. Dickson, whose wife 
was a cousin of Mrs. Lincoln. One 
whole week was spent in the city, 
Lincoln leaving for home on Septem- 
ber 26. He remarked when he left 
that he did not wish to visit Cincin- 
nati again, as he had had a very 
unpleasant experience in the courts. 

Septeviber 1859 

On September 6, 1859, Abraham 
Lincoln wrote two letters to citizens 
of Ohio in reply to invitations he had 
received to speak at Columbus and 
Cincinnati. One was directed to Mr. 
W. T. Bascom and the other to Peter 
Zinn. The latter he informed "I shall 
try to speak at Columbus and Cincin- 
nati but cannot do more." 

Lincoln visited Columbus on Friday, 
September 16. In the afternoon at 
two o'clock he spoke from the east 
terrace of the State House, and in the 
evening he addressed the Young Men's 
Republican Club at the City Hall. It 
is not known generally that Lincoln 
had a daguerreotype picture made 
while there. 

The following day he spoke at Day- 
ton. He addressed the people of the 



city at the court house in the after- 
noon; also he is said to have visited 
a photographer with Mr. Samuel 
Craighead. A young artist by the 
name of Nickum made a sketch of 
Lincoln which has been preserved. 

Enroute to Cincinnati from Dayton 
the train stopped at Hamilton depot 
where Lincoln addressed the people 
from an improvised stand near by. 
He was introduced by Congressman 
John A. Gurley, a very short man who 
made a vivid contrast to Lincoln's 
six foot four inch stature. 

Lincoln arrived in Cincinnati at 
seven o'clock on Saturday night and 
was escorted immediately to the Bur- 
net House. After meeting members 
of the committee at the Burnet House, 
he was taken in an open carriage to 
the Fifth Street market place where 
the meeting was to be held. He spoke 
from a balcony at the home of Mr. 
Kinsey on the north side of the square. 
One of the members of the committee 
to receive Lincoln was Rutherford B. 
Hayes. 

February 1861 

Cincinnati 

Lincoln's first stop in Ohio on his 
way to Washington for the inaugu- 
ration was at Cincinnati. He reached 
the city on February 12, the fifty- 
second anniversary of his birth. At 
five P. M. he was introduced by 
Mayor Bishop and spoke to the people 
assembled at the Burnet House. 

In the evening Lincoln was seren- 
aded by a group of 2,000, representing 
the German Free Working Men, and 
he spoke a few words of greeting from 
the balcony of the hotel. 

Columbus 

On February 13 Lincoln addressed 
a joint assembly in the House of Rep- 
resentatives at the Ohio State Capitol. 
After a few remarks there, he pro- 
ceeded to the west front of the capitol 
where he spoke to the great mass of 
people assembled. An informal re- 
ception was held in the rotunda of 
the court house, and in the evening 
Lincoln received members of the 
Legislature and City Council at the 
governor's mansion. 

Stubenville 

Lincoln received formal greetings 
from the city authorities of Steuben- 
ville on February 14 and acknowledged 
their welcome with a short reply. 

Wellsville 

Lincoln made a few remarks at 
Wellsville and on the following day, 
February 15, the train also stopped but 
he asked to be excused from further 
comments. 



Alliance 

Dinner was served the presidential 
party at Alliance. Afterwards a tem- 
porary stand was placed in front of 
the depot, and Lincoln expressed his 
appreciation for such an outpouring 
of people. i 

Ravena 

At Ravena another enormous crowd 
greeted the president, and here also 
he addressed the people assembled. 

Hudson 

A still larger gathering, estimated 
at 5,000, waited for Lincoln at Hud- 
son, but he did nothing more than 
appear and bow to the people. 

Cleveland 

At four o'clock the presidential 
party reached Cleveland, and Lincoln 
was immediately escorted to the Wed- 
dell House. The President of the City 
Council and the Chairman of the 
Citizens Committee both spoke words 
of welcome to which Lincoln respond- 
ed. He admitted very much fatigue 
as he had spoken many times. In the 
evening there was a reception given 
Mr. and Mrs. Lincoln at the hotel. 

Willoughby 

On the morning of February 16 
Lincoln started on another lap of the 
journey. He received an enthusiastic 
greeting at Willoughby. 

Painesville 

When he reached Painesville he 
found a platform erected for the occa- 
sion from which he spoke briefly. 

Madison 

Although a large crowd was present 
at Madison, they had to be satisfied 
with Lincoln's coming to the platform 
of the car and acknowledging the 
greeting by bowing. 

Geneva 

A formal greeting was extended to 
Lincoln when the train reached Gen- 
eva, and he replied with a few words. 

Ashtabula 

Lincoln acknowledged very briefly 
the fine reception accorded him at 
Ashtabula and suggested that all of 
these demonstrations strengthened 
him for his task. 

Conneaut 

At the last town in Ohio touched by 
the special train the stop was so brief 
that Lincoln had only time to bow in 
recognition of the ovation he received. 



Note —For a fuller account of Lincoln's con- 
tacts with Ohio see Lincoln and Ohio by 
Daniel J. Ryan, published by The Ohio State 
Archaeological and Historical Society, Col- 
umbus, Ohio. 




Bulletin of the Lincoln National Life Foundation - -- Dr. Louis A. Warren, Editor. 

Published each week by The Lincoln National Life Insurance Company, of Fort Wayne, Indiana. 



No. 352 



FORT WAYNE, INDIANA 



January 6, 1936 



1861 — SEVENTY-FIFTH ANNIVERSARY YEAR— 1936 



The year 1936 will mark the seventy-fifth anniversary 
of many important events in Lincoln history. The Fare- 
well Address at Spring-field, the memorable trip to Wash- 
ington in February, the First Inaugural, and the occur- 
rences which finally brought on the war between the 
states are some of the occasions which may be called to 
mind. 

The long journey from Springfield, Illinois, to the na- 
tion's capitol which covered the period from February 
eleventh to February twenty-third is especially note- 
worthy. The towns where Lincoln stopped or spoke en- 
route are listed in this number of Lincoln Lore in hopes 
that many of the communities through which he passed 
i may think it worth while to commemorate with some spe- 
cial program the seventy-fifth anniversary of the event. 

The policy of silence, with respect to national issues, 
which Lincoln had been following since his nomination, 
was continued after his election, and up to the day of his 
inauguration. At Buffalo where he was a guest of Former 
President Fillmore he made a statement which reveals 
his attitude towards public discussion during the entire 
period. He said: 

"When we speak of threatened difficulties to the coun- 
try, it is natural that it should be expected that some- 
thing should be said by myself with regard to particular 
measures. Upon more mature reflection, however, others 



will agTee with me that, when it is considered that these 
difficulties are without precedent, and have never been 
acted upon by any individual situated as I am, it is most 
proper I should wait and see the developments, and get 
all the light possible, so that when I do speak authorita- 
tively, I may be as near right as possible." 

The brief address made by Lincoln in Independence 
Hall at Philadelphia possibly was the outstanding utter- 
ance on the way to Washington. A plot which contem- 
plated the assassination of Lincoln as he passed through 
Baltimore was discovered by detectives who supplemented 
Secretary Seward's advice that Lincoln proceed imme- 
diately to Washington from Harrisburg. 

The towns where Lincoln is known to have stopped or 
where opportunity was given him to greet the people 
from the train are listed below with the following sym- 
bols: 

(S) Train stopped but no record available of any words 
of greeting. 

(G) Lincoln greeted people by bowing or making a 
passing comment. 

(T) A short talk made from the rear of the train or 
the station platform. 

(A) An address delivered at some place selected for 
the occasion. 



THE ITINERARY 



February 11, 1861 
Springfield, Illinois (T) 
Delivered the now fam- 
ous "Farewell Address" 
just before the train 
left. 
Decatur, Illinois (T) 
Tolono, Illinois (T) 
Danville, Illinois (T) 
State Line, Indiana (T) 
Lafayette, Indiana (T) 
Thorntown, Indiana (T) 
Zionsville, Indiana (T) 
Indianapolis, Indiana (A) 
Reply to address of wel- 
come. 

February 12, 1861 

Indianapolis, Indiana (A) 
Address to the Legisla- 
ture of Indiana. 
Greensburg, Indiana (T) 
Shelbyville, Indiana (T) 
Lawrenceburg, Indiana(T) 
Cincinnati, Ohio (A) 
Address to Mayor and 
citizens. 
Address to Germans. 

February 13, 1861 
Milford, Ohio (T) 
Loveland, Ohio (T) 
Morrow, Ohio (T) 
Zenia, Ohio (T) 
London, Ohio (T) 
Columbus, Ohio (A) 

Address to Legislature 

Ohio. 



February 14, 1861 

Cadiz Junction, Ohio (S) 
Steubenville, Ohio (T) 
Wellsville, Ohio (T) 
Rochester, Pa. (S) 
Freedom, Pa. (S) 
Allegheny City, Pa. (T) 
Pittsburgh, Pa. (A) 
Address to citizens. 

February 15, 1861 
Pittsburgh, Pa. (A) 

Reply to Mayor Wilson 

and citizens. 
Alliance, Ohio (T) 
Ravena, Ohio (T) 
Hudson, Ohio (G) 
Cleveland, Ohio (A) 

Address to citizens. 

February 16, 1861 

Willoughby, Ohio (T) 
Painesville, Ohio (T) 
Madison, Ohio (G) 
Geneva, Ohio (T) 
Ashtabula, Ohio (T) 
Conneaut, Ohio (G) 
Erie, Pennsylvania (T) 
Westfield, Chautauqua Co., 
New York (T) 
Greeted Grace Bedell, a 
small girl who had writ- 
ten to him about grow- 
ing whiskers. 
Dunkirk, New York (T) 
Silver Creek, N. Y. (S) 
Girard, New York (S) 
Buffalo, New York (A) 

February 17, 1861 

Buffalo, New York 

(Attended church with 
Former President Fill- 
more. Also dined with 
him.) 



February 18, 1861 
Batavia, New York (G) 
Rochester, New York (T) 
Clyde, New York (G) 
Syracuse, New York (G) 
Utica, New York (T) 
Little Falls, New York(G) 
Fonda, New York (G) 
Schenectady, N. Y. (G) 
Albany, New York (A) 
Reply to Mayor of Al- 
bany. 

Reply to Governor of 
New York. 

Address to Legislature 
of New York. 

February 19, 1861 
Cohoes, New York (G) 
Troy, New York (T) 
Castleton, New York (G) 
Schodack, New York (G) 
Stuyvesant, New York(G) 
Coxsackie, New York (G) 
Stockport, New York (G) 
Hudson, New York (T) 
Rhinebeck, New York (S) 
Poughkeepsie, N. Y. (T) 
Fishkill, New York (T) 
Peekskill, New York (T) 
New York, New York (A) 

Address to citizens of 

New York. 

February 20, 1861 

New York, New York (A) 
Reply to Mayor of New 
York. 



February 21, 1861 
Jersey City, N. J. (T) 
Newark, N. J. (T) 
Elizabeth City, N. J. (G) 
Rahway, N. J. (G) 
New Brunswick, N. J. (G) 
Trenton, N. J. (A) 

Address to Senate of 
New Jersey. 

Address to Assembly of 
New Jersey. 
Kensington, Pa. (S) 
Philadelphia, Pa. (A) 
Reply to Mayor of Phil- 
adelphia. 

February 22, 1861 
Philadelphia, Pa. (A) 
Address in Indepen- 
dence Hall, Philadelphia. 
Address on raising a 
flag over Independence 
Hall. 
Harrisburg, Pa. (A) 

Reply to Governor Cur- 
tin. 

Address to Legislature 
of Pennsylvania. 
Baltimore, Maryland (S) 
Passed through Balti- 
more secretly, having 
been advised a plot to 
assassinate him while 
there was planned. 

February 23, 1861 
Washington, D. C. 



' 



as* 




' 




§ 1 



Bulletin of the Lincoln Na »n •- Dr. Louis A. Warren, Editor. 

Published each week by I yne, Indiana. 



Number 406 



FORT WAYNE, INDIANA 



January 18, 1937 



i ; ; 



inaugural exercis o held 
in Washington on January 20, rec 
the long, tiresome journey Lin- 

coln made to the nation'?, cv. 

f >r his first maugun l. IS 
of his ■ : . try arc 

available and the incidents 
tance which occurred enroute have 
been made known, especially 
publicized story of the Bait; more con- 
spiracy resulting in Lincoln's night 
ride to Washington. 

Little has been written, however, 
about the many peculiar inch: 
which occurred on the way 'which v 

: by news correspondents who 
were on the special train. As many of 
the • human interest h 
throw light on Lincoln's chc 
some of them have been compiled for 
this issue of Loncoln Lore. 

A news correspondent wrote that 
upon leaving Cincinnati "the 
rushed on at the rate of thirty 
an hour." Whether or not the r 
able speed of the train had anything 
to do with it is not known but tin 
mittee of arrangements for,.: 
vide any dinner for the , 
party and, although they had break- 
fast at 7:00 a. m., it was afte 
p. in. before any meal was served. Two 
baskets of cakes were brou; 
train about noon but Lincoln's t!i 
boy;.; managed to do away with most 
of them. bly the train did n 

travel too fast for any of t: te ; 
the afternoon wore on with no food in 
sight. 

Just before the procession arrived at 
the American Hotel, in I 
wagon filled with wood dro . 
of the hotel in fulfilment of a bet, con- 
ditioned, that if Mr. Lino 
elected, one \ 
cord of wood i 

and present the woo ie 

negro in the city. If ,incol 

not elected the othe 
the wood and present it to a I 
newspaper. The losing party 
vigorously while Mr. Lincoln 
speaking. Undoubtedly it would have 

ed the Presh 
pitched in and helped the m; 

it him. It i sure he was 

much interested rati han discon- 

certed by the side attraction. 

At a station, just out of Erie, a flag 
inscribed "Fort Sumter' 
played in Mr. Lincoln 1 
presence but he made no allusion 
whatever to it. 



ace Greely appeared 
nounced at Girarcl, Pa., "equipped 
with a valise and his well knov 
lue blankets." He was us] 
i car and rode 
is Eric, tr; 
nty miles on the special 

joined the - 
Buffalo and th . enta- 

tive of the Now York Herald oi 
train wrote 

in a very graceful position he fur- 
id a subject foi ncils of t\ o 

i its of New York ilh; ■ . - 

rs." 

correspond New 

ig ac- 
incohi Grace 

Eecleli, an irk 

"At ' !, New York, Mr. Lin- 

coln took oci during 

the campaii had t 

ce, in 

to do 

■ccrl s to 

let h it, as he 

if advice, 
he would now 1 ilcome his 

nong 
ci'owd. I. 
made ha 
crowd >rm and 

elect 

dent "ended 

Uni- 
Sunday moraing. Sun- 

ic< ■■ I 
i, the Ind 

■ 

Sect, 

i .■ . 

... 
■ ■ .. ■ ■ 

■ ncoln 
n 



, - 

side it 
I 

black 
'■ 

»f the 
;q. — one of 
—a domo- 
ican, or Knov/ N< 

he banner me 

. ese two 
is a question. . ., " 



Beside the tracks at nearly every 
>t the train passed through, a plat- 
form 'ucted from which it 
(i Mr. Lincoln would speak. 
a were wed finished n 
ifully decorated, while othi 
were pooriy constructed. At one pli 
where a large table had been placed 
•• the car for the speaker, Lincoln 
said (hat. he "preferred to stick by the 
Possibly he recalled an event 
that happened at Erin, Pennsylvania. 
A large number of men had gathered 
on the roof of an old shed to get a 
ipse of the president, .lust as he 
roof fell in. The disap- 
pearing act of the whole company was 
ludicrous, indeed. 

coin's refusal to stand on the 
rackety platform, however, drew Y I 
these comments from him: "I had 
d line standing on some very hi 
some platforms prepared for me \ 
terday. But I say to you, as I said to 
n, you must not on this account 
draw the inference that I have any in- 
tention to desert any platform I have 
a legitimate right to stand on." There 
was a large live eagle on the platform 
Syracuse, New York", from which it 
hoped that Lincoln would speak 
but time would not permit. 

oute from Albany to New 1 
new engines, never before used 
except on trial, were made .available 
for the special train, one called "Un- 
ion"' pulld it from Utica to Poughlceep- 
and the other called "Constitu- 
tion" hauled it the resl trip. In 
many ways the President-elect was im- 
pressed with the importance of prc- 

. ; both the Union and the Con- 

At an Orphan . Asylum on the 
rts of New York City the children 
had been lined up beside the railrcad 
trade with the hope of getting a 
ipse of Mr. Lincoln. Although the 
moving train was not sched- 
ad it de- 
moment so that he might, 
greet the . 

- 

On Wednesday, February 20, Mr. 
Lincoln attended the Irving Place 
Opera House in New York City at the 

'citation of the reception commit- 
tee. Probably he would have preferred 
to visit the Winter Garden, where Ed- 
win Booth (brother of John Wilkes 
Booth) and J. W. Walleek, Jr., were 
>g as Othello and lago. Tad 
and Willie Lincoln accompanied by 
:m attendant went to Laura Keen's 
tor that evening. 



--) ' '■■■> ■ • • " , 




LINCOLN SIGNS HIS PORTRAIT, ENGRAVED BY THE AMERICAN BANK NOTE COMPANY 



Lincoln, Abraham 

Sixteenth President of the United States of America , 



(1809 1865) 



1861-1865 



Engraved Proof Portrait, signed 
[1861] 

engraving based on 
Mathew B. Brady's photograph 
of Abraham Lincoln, 
New York City: 
27 February 1860 
Ostendorf Number 17. 



Car te- de-v i s i te size (6.2 x 
"A. Lincoln" on bottom marg 
only a few hour s be fo re Lin 
he went to the studio of Ma 
famous of his beardless pos 
of Poughkeepsie , New York, 
graph. Lincoln replied on 7 
single one now at my contro 
for a photograph while in N 
dow , and can multiply copic 
typed copy of text , pages 2 
New York, founded in New Yo 
ia t ion of several firms, on 
had printed postage stamps 
War period and for some tint 
currency . A . Sea 1 ey , one o 
ed a portrait of P res id en t. - 
o us photograph by Brady. A 
leading experts in the fiel 
six proofs of the portrait 
signed at least two of thes 
while en route to his inaug 



10:5 centimeters). Signed in pencil, 
in. On Monday morning, 27 February 1860, 
coin delivered his Cooper Union Address, 
thew B. Brady and posed for the most 
es . Not long afterward , Harvey Eastman , 
wrote to Lincoln and asked for a photo- 
April 1860, stating that "I have not a 
1," and then mentioned that he had posed 
ew York, "and I suppose they got my shad- 
s indefinitely." (Sec copy of letter and 
and 3) . The American Bank Note Company , 
rk City, in 1857, by a merger or as soc - 
e dating back to 17 95, in Philadelphia, 
for the United States and in the Civil 
e thereafter, printed our first national 
f zhe company's expert engravers, c reat- 
ei ect Abraham Lincoln, based on the f am- 
cco rd i ng to Harold Ho 1 zer , one of the 
d of Lincoln photography and portraiture, 
were sent to Lincoln. He is known to have 
e proofs and given them away in Buffalo, 
uration in February, 1861. 



One of these engravings was given to William M. Kasson, who was a 
manufacturer of railroad cars at Buffalo. (See account by his son, 
Lieutenant Colonel Mahlon Ogden Kasson , page 4) . It is now the pro- 
perty of an Illinois collector. The second engraving, also signed 
by Lincoln, has a note on the back reading, "This portrait of Pres- 
ident Lincoln was presented to me in February 1861 , during his jour- 
ney to Washington - previous to his inauguration - The signature^ is 
genuine. J. R. Drake." 



-2- 



fU<n^ of fth*L^L /?S? o^-. 



V 



o>. «i£^c~/^A<o-0 LJ~-y PffC (h^? ^€L-^^~^<^-^ /2--V-^V 



-3- 



Springfield, Ills, April 7, 1860 



H. G. Eastman 



Dear Sir 



Yours of March 18th. ad- 
dressed to me at Chicago, and re- 
questing my photograph is received. 
I have not a single one now at my 
control; but I think you can easily 
get one at New-York. While I was 
there I was taken to one of the places 
where they get up such things, and 
I suppose they got my shaddow, and 
can multiply copies indefinitely. 
Any of the Republican Club men there 
can show you the place. 

Yours truly, 

A. LINCOLN 



[To: Harvey G. Eastman, 
Poughkeepsie , New York] 



THE STORY 



For a number of years prior to the Civil War, my father, William 
M. Kasson, was engaged in the manufacture of railroad cars at Buffalo, New 
York. During the winter of 1860-61, he constructed a passenger car, into 
which he had built several improvements of his own designing, to eliminate 
much of the discomfort of travel in those days. 

This was the first car to have a "raised deck" so that the car could be ven- 
tilated without opening the windows; it was also the first car that had win- 
dows glazed with one pane of glass, instead of four panes, as formerly. This 
car was considered to be a great advance in car-building of those days, des- 
pite the fact that it was coupled in train with the primitive link-and-pin 
coupling, heated by cast iron stoves, and illuminated by brass lamps burning 
sperm oil. 

So great was my father's admiration for the President-Elect , Abraham Lincoln, 
and ardent his desire that Mr. Lincoln might travel to his first inauguration 
with the least amount of discomfort, that he fitted up the car as a parlor - 
the first parlor car. The floor was carpeted, the interior decorated, and it 
was furnished with what was then the latest style of furniture - all carved 
black walnut, upholstered with horse-hair cloth. There were tables, chairs 
and what-nots, and an extra long sofa for Mr. Lincoln's ease. 

When all was finished, my father had this car routed to Springfield, Illinois 
at his own expense, and Mr. Lincoln made use of it on the long journey to the 
Nation's Capital. The Inaugural train stopped at Buffalo, February 18th 1861 
and my father was then introduced to Mr. Lincoln who warmly thanked him for 
what he said was the greatest act of courtesy ever paid him as a private cit- 
izen. Upon the termination of that interview, Mr. Lincoln reached down into 
his carpet-bag, took out a small engraved likeness, after having autographed 
it with the stub of a lead pencil, - as you see, "A. Lincoln." 

This little story of "The Great Emancipator" so greatly interested me when a 
small boy, that I am setting it down, with the hope that it will also inter- 
est the boys of today and tomorrow. 

M. 0. KASSON 

Lt. Colonel Mahlon Ogden Kasson 
U. S. Engineer Reserves, INACT. 



-4- 



September 20, 1937 




-5- 



The copy of the engraving signed for J. JR. Drake is presently 
owned by Victor Levitt, an attorney in San Franc isco He pur- 
chased it in ]965. 



A third c 
per ty of 
at auc tio 
eher , thr 
lis ted in 
head of t 
Ber net , o 
be in the 
thereon . " 
found on 
sold by R 
Book Shop 
ate col le 



opy 


was discovered a few ye 


a co 


liege teacher who had a 


n by 


Sotheby Parke Bernet i 


o ugh 


an administrative erro 


th 


e gallery's fall Lincol 


he b 


ook and manuscript depa 


n 9 


August 1978 stated, "WE 


$] 


,000 to $]5,000 range. 


(A 


n enlarged reproduction 


page 


6 of this document.). 


al ph 


Geoffrey Newman , Inc. 


. It 


was then sold by Danie 


ctor 


p 



ars ago. It was the pro- 
rranged to 'have it sold 
n the fall of ] 97 9 . How- 
r the engraving was not 
n sale. Thomas P. Clarke, 
rtment of Sotheby Parke 

feel our es t ima te would 
A reserve may be placed 

of this engraving can be 

This signed engraving was 

to the Abraham Li ncoln 

1 R. Weinberg to a pri- 



A fourth copy is now in the possession of Ralph Geoffrey New- 
man, Inc. and is present ly being offered for sale. 



-6- 




/ i * J * 



Odd/ v ^i,^4* ^ lx 



•JU 



-Q>-"-ei-' ,. •- — uvj, ....,.<..■, ;.jX.i..' ..-.;,' -Vi. 1, . 



i «i<»jhui i j] i nrn'iiiunjj.ij. -gg 






"The vignette in question, bearing No. 125 - revised No. 
V-46788, was engraved by A. Sealey and according to our 
records was completed in January, 1861. The reproduction 
on this folder would indicate that one of more original 
die proofs were released, possibly for Mr. Lincoln's 
personal use and there is no doubt of its authenticity." 



H. VICTOR KEANE 
Vice President 



Extract from letter of the 
American Bank Note Company 
October 15, 1937. 



-7- 




w 

JjtfMSS • ' I 



Actual size: 

6.2 x 10.5 centimeters 

(2-1/2 x 4-1/4 inches) 



Newark News 3Peb. # 10, 1957 

Lincoln Also Second-Splitter 

Sped Through N.J. in Feb. '61 oil Siriet Timetable 



By JOHN J. REILLY JR. [Newark would 
Even by modern speed|pl aCt; to take." 
standards, President Abraham 
Lincoln's pre-inauguration tour] L ' 

through New Jersey (Feb. 21, Pi et V .were cleorly demonstrated 
1861) was a* "speak-and-run' | in hls bnef reply to Mayor 
affair, i Moses Bigelow's welcoming ad- 

Like Atomic Age polilician^ resi - Thanking Bigelow for 



be a difficultl may be necessary to put the 
| foot down firmly." 

As the Assemblymen shouted 



Thanks Mayor 

, , , ... , their support, Lincoln concluded: 

ncoln s classic humility and .. Gentle {„ en> x have a lreTdy 

spoken longer than I intended, 
and must be;; leave to stop 
here." His train left for Phila 
delphia at -2:30 p.m. 



whose campaigns are often 
punctuated by a series of brief, 
chat-like disccurses, Lincoln's 
cross-state trip was characterized 
hy the same brevity. In but six 



and-one-half 
about 8 a.m., 
ences in a 
munities. 

Testimony 



"this kind reception," he pro- 
fessed his devouon to the heart-] 
ache-filled- job before him, but 1 
said that without the sustenance j 
of "Divine Providence and this! 
great, free and intelligent! 
people." he could not hope to 
it." he added,, 



hours, beginnin 

he addressed audi-jsucceed. "With 

half dozen com- "I cannot fail." 

Though his reception was 
'favorable, one discordant note, 
i reflecting New Jersey's role in 



from t h e Lin 
eolniana of Rev Evald B. Law jthe 1860 election as the only- 
son, Upsala College' president, free state that did not give him 
tells a simple tale, tastefully its entire electoral vote, was 
spiced with vignettes of the noted by the reporter. This was 



humble Illinois rail splitter 

turned president. His irrepres 

sible wit-was plainly incidence. 

Jersey City Start 

In Jersey City, his jumping 
off P')int, the President was 
promised the support of New 
Jersey eilizen/y "in all rightful 
measures to uphold the great .in- 
terests of the country, and per 
petuate the uncn of the states" 
by Atty. Gen. William L. Day- 
ton, repre.=enta;ive of the absent 
Gov. Charles S. .Olden. Dayton 
said tne people could rely on 
Lincoln for what he called th,- 
first element of success — 
"rectitude of intention." 

Though his visit to, Newark 
was brief — approximately 45 
minutes — it was enthusiastic. A 
New York newsman estimated 
that two-third's of the city's 
70,000 population surged through 
the streets as the presidential 
retinue coursed from the 
Morris and E.-.sex (now th ; 
Lackawanna) station, to the 
former Chestnut St. Deport. Dur 
ing the ride, the newsman com- 
mented, a violent snow storm 
prevented the lean statesman 
from giving the cheering throng 
his usual bareheaded acknowl- 
edge merit 

J3ut 'the tout weather, the 
same ; n6WSman said, failed to 
disj^J&ftis sense of humor. Eye- 
ing;; 1 ' ifte) teeming spectators^, 
Lincoln, commented: "If there" 
are as many brave men as there 



a hideous Linuolnesque effigy 
hanging by the neck in front of 
a clothing store. Under it, 
scrawled on a rough placard, was 
the phr.:se: "The Traitor's 
Doom " 

Reboarding nis special train, 
the "Gov. Pennngton," Lincoln 
made stops and equally short 
speeches, at Elizabeth, Rahway 
and New Brunswick before 
reaching Trenton. At Princeton, 
the Pennington, after crawling 
to a near stop, passed an eager 
crowd drawn to the depot by 
rumors that ihe presidential 
entourage was to stop. 
Before Senate 

Before the State Senate, 
Lincoln recalling the sacrifices 
Revolutionary War patriots made 
near ti.e very building in which 
he was speaking, called upon 
the legislators to help him per- 
petuate the ideal for which the 
Colonials tought. In a 450-word 
speecn, he thanked them heart 



ily for the opportunity to speak! 
even though "this body is com-' 
posed of a' majority of gentle- 
men who, in- 4he exercjse of I 
their best judgment in the choice 
of a chief magistrate, did not 
think I was the man." • 

Later, before the Assembly 
the sixteenth ; ' president 1 briefly 
previewed the * firm liine he 
would draw against th^ South 
$|me two months Jjttiav" After 
Professing his uwdyiglflMlegiance 
to 'the forces of peace, he 
are brave women in this city .,| warned that to preserve it, "It 



Indianapolis Times 
February 12, 1957 



'Honest Abe 1 

i 

Stopped Here 
96 Years Ago 

Abraham Lincoln stopped 
here 96 years ago today. 

The Civil War President 
was en route to Washington 
on Feb. 11. 1861, for his first 
inauguration. A plaque on 
the Washington St. side of 
the Claypool Hotel proclaims 
the former President's visit. 

Mr. Lincoln said, "I appeal 
to you to constantly bear in 
mind that not with politi- 
cians, not with present, not 
with office seekers, but with 
you is the question: Shall the 
union and shall the liberties 
of this country be preserved." 



The Courier-Journal Magazine 
February 5, 1°6i 



Route To Destiny 

President-elect Abe Lincoln passed through 
Southern Indiana on his way to inauguration 



By GILBERT F. SHEPIIARD 



ALMOST 100 years ago — on his birthday 
— President-elect Abraham Lincoln rode 
■ through Southern Indiana to keep his 
appointment with destiny. 

On his way to Washington for his inaugura- 
tion, Lincoln visited several Southern Indiana 
communities on February 12, 1861. In a 
speech at Lawrenceburg he promised that con- 
stitutional rights of Hoosiers and Kentuckians 
alike would be respected under his administra- 
tion. 

His special train had made a brief stop at 
Lawrenceburg, on the Ohio River, dividing 
line for the North and the South. 

He had left Indianapolis for Cincinnati at 
11 a.m. that morning after a tumultuous wel- 
come and an overnight stop at the Bates 
House, now the Claypool Hotel. During the 
day he had passed through such Southern 
Indiana towns as Shelbyville, Greensburg and 
Batesville. 

It was Lincoln's 52d birthday, a glorious, 
cloudless day. A large crowd had assembled 
at Lawrenceburg to await his arrival. Many 
Kentuckians had crossed the river and mingled 
with the crowd just to get a glimpse of him. 

During his short talk, the audience heard 
this promise: 

"I say to you that the power temporarily 
entrusted to me shall be so exercised as per- 
fectly to protect the rights of your neighbors 
across the river, as yours on this side. 

"I see no difference in the protection of 
constitutional rights for different sides of 
the Ohio." 



M, 



LRS. LINCOLN had joined Abe at Indianap- 
olis, along with their two younger sons. The 
eldest son, Robert, had been with his father 
ever since the trip's start at Springfield, 111. 

The family occupied attractive private 
quarters in one of the four cars which made 
up the train. Lincoln had spent most of his 
time during the trip either reading or chatting. 

From time to time he got up and went to 
a window to acknowledge cheers from crowds 
lining the track at some hamlet or out in the 
open country. 

A touch of color during the journey was 
provided by the Indianapolis & Cincinnati 
Railroad, over whose right-of-way the train 
was passing. Officials had posted flagmen at 
half-mile intervals along the entire 110-mile 
stretch of track between the two cities. Each 
flagman enthusiastically waved an American 
flag as the train swept past. 

The first stop after Indianapolis was Shelby- 
ville in Decatur County. Here an immense 
crowd was on hand. Flags were everywhere 
and they flapped gaily in the bright sunlight. 



Gilbert F. Shephurd, a free-tance writer, is 
a Hoosier, but he doesn't live on Lincoln's in- 
auguration route. He's a Gary resident. 




tiMfr '^mh^mim^ 



Staff Map By Ben Ramsey 

This map traces Lincoln's inaugural rttute 
from Indianapolis to Lawrenceburg, Ind. 



Decatur County had strongly supported the 
president-elect during the recent election and 
it was said that the suggestion that he run 
for the presidency was first voiced in this 
county. 

At Greensburg, the next stop, Lincoln spoke 
briefly and then listened to patriotic music 
provided by a local band-and-glee club. A 
Rev. Mr. Clair, an 85-year-old resident of the 
town, was assisted aboard the train, and he 
shook Lincoln's hand and pronounced a bless- 
ing on him. 

Then it was on to Lawrenceburg and another 
short speech before speeding over the final 
few miles to Cincinnati. 

It had been a triumphal trip through Hoosier- 
dom for the future president and he left the 
state strongly impressed with the strength of 
Union feeling within its borders. 



Burlington Free Press 
Burlington, Vermont 
2/7/61 



Walt Whitman Recalls Lincoln 

FEB 7 1961 

On Journey to Inauguration 



WASHINGTON - "I shall not 
easily forget the first time I ev- 
er saw Abraham Lincoln," said 
Walt Whitman, who glimpsed the 
president-elect on his trip from 
Springfield. 111., to Washington in 
February 1861. 

Lincoln began the journey to 
greatness on Feb. 11, one day 
before his 52nd birthday, the Na- 
tional Geographic Society recalls. 

It was "rather a pleasant aft- 
ernoon" when Lincoln made his 
appearance in New York City. 
Whitman reported, "The broad 
spaces, sidewalks, and streets in 
the neighborhood (City Hall 
Park>, and {or some distance 
were crowded with solid masses 
of people, many thousands. The 
omnibuses. and other vehicles had 
all been -turned off, leaving an 
unusual hush in that busy part 
of the city. 

"A tall figure stepp'd out of 
! the center of these barouches, 
! oaus'd leisurelv on the sidewalk, 
llook'd up at the granite walls 
iand looming architecture.. . . 
then, after a re' ; eving stretch of 
aims and legs, turn'd round for 
over a minute to slowly and good- 
humorcdlv sc in the appearance 
of the vast and silent crowds." 
Struck by Composure 

Whitman was struck by Lin- 
coln's "perfect composure and 
coolness — his hivsm.iI and un- 
i couth height, his dross of com- 
plete black, stovepine hat push- 
ed back on the head, dark-brown 
complexion, seam'd and wrinkled 
yet canny-looking f ice, black, 
bushy head of hair, dispropor- 
tionately long neck, and his hands 
held behind as he stood observ- 
ing the people." 

"He looked with curiosity upon 
that immense sea of faces, and 
the sea of faces returned the 
look with similar curiosity. In 
botlv there was a dash of come- 
dy, almost farce, such as Shake- 
speare puts into his blackest 
tragedies.' 

Lincoln was then little known 
outside llinois. He had not cam- 
paigned for the Presidency and 



had remained silent after his elec- 
tion -to avoid doing anything 
that might thicken the gathering 
war clouds. 

But on Feb. 11, he left his 
Springfield home for an extensive 
tour to introduce himself to the 
people. The tour would end with 
his inauguration in Washington on 
March 4. 

The itinerary included Indiana- 
p o 1 i s, Cincinnati, Columbus, 
Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Buffalo,' 
Albany, New York, Trenton. 
Philadelphia, Harrisburg, Balti- . 
more, and finally, Washington. 
Made Good Impression 

Everywhere thousands turned 
ou to greet him, some shouting, 
"Save the Union, Abe!" People 
look him at once to. their hearts. 
His homespun manner and hu-j 
mor delighted them. They were 
happy that he wasn't as bad 
looking as some people claimed. 
Word had spread that he was 
"awfully ugly." 

But press criticism was sharp. 
|One newspaper declared that 
"his silly speeches, his ill-timed 
i jocularity, his pusillanimous 
j evasion of responsibility, and vul- 
!gar pettifoggery have no parallel 
in history." He was called every-j 
thing from "buffoon" to "goril- 
la." 

Nor did his opponents stop; 
there In Philadelphia, wor<4 
reached Lincoln of a plot to as-; 
sassinate him in Baltimore. The 
presidential party became tense; 
In Harrisburg, Lincoln lost his, 
temper for the first time since 
leaving Springfield, and berated 
his son Robert for losing a grip- 
sack containing the inaugural ad- 
dress. Fortunately it was recov- 
ered. 

Plot Foiled 

To foil the plot, Lincoln lef 
Harrisburg secretly by train. A 
telegraph lines were cut so th 
plotters would not learn of his 
departure. The train chugged 
through unsuspecting Baltimore 
and arrived in Washington at 6 
in the morning. Thus the presi- 
dent-elect entered his capital not 
in triumph but — in his own 
words — "like a thief in the' 
night." 

Ironically, it was not the Balti- 
more incident that boded ill so 
much as Lincoln's triumphal ride 
tbrpugh Albany. There the pro-- 
cession passed a theater showing' 
a play called "The Apostate." 
Acting in it was John Wilkes 

iBflliliHfc«^t<»u.'j.i»i -tiMrta^toi i j-iim'a- i»iV'i.ft'i ''lifi 



The Shreveport Times 
February 11, 1961 




THIS, 
gc« WAS THE I 



CIVIL WAR 

President-Elect Lincoln 
Leaves for Inauguration 



By MERTON T. AKERS 

United Press International 

i 

The weather was cold and drizzly 
the morning of Feb. 11, 1861, in 
Springfield, 111. A special train of 
three cars and a locomotive waited 
at the Great Western Station to 
carry Abraham Lincoln to Wash- 
ington and inauguration. It was 
due to leave at 8 a.m. 

But as 7:30 came and went and 
the politicians waiting in the lobby 
of the Chenery House to escort 
the president-elect to the train grew 
impatient. They sent Hermann 
Kriesmann, German-American pol- 
itician, to Lincoln's room to see 
what was keeping him. There 
Kreismann found Lincoln sitting on 
a chair and Mrs. Lincoln lying on 
the floor, obviously distraught. 
I "Kreismann, she will not let me 



go until I promise her an office 
for one of her friends," Lincoln 
said. 

Kreismann stood by in embar- 
rassment as Lincoln, as usual in 
such cases, gave in to his temper- 
mental wife. Then the party started 
for the station. 

The Lincolns had stayed the night 
at the Chenery House because the 
white frame family dwelling on 8th 
St. had been leased. The cow and 
horse had been sold and the Lin- 
coln boys' dog was farmed out to 
a neighbor. The afternoon before 
Lincoln had taken leave of Billy 
Herndon, his law partner. 

In parting, Lincoln told his part- 
ner, "If I live, I'm coming back 
and we'll go right on practicing 
law." That evening, Lincoln roped 
his trunks and labeled them: "A. 



Lincoln, The White House, Wash- 
ington, D. C." 

About a thousand persons waited 
in the rain when the presidential 
party arrived at the station. As 
the locomotive bell clanged, Lin- 
coln spoke the extemporaneous 
words that have become famous: 

"My friends, no one, not in my 
situation, can appreciate my feeling 
of sadness at this parting. To this 
place, and the kindness of these 
people, I owe everything. Here I 
have lived a quarter of a century, 
and have passed from a young to 
an old man. Here my children have 
been born, and one is buried. I 
now leave, not knowing when, or 
whether ever, I may return, with a 
task before me greater than that 
which rested on Washington. With- 
out the assistance of that Divine 
Being who ever attended him, I 
cannot succeed. With that assis- 
tance I cannot fail ... I bid you 
an affectionate farewell." 

LINCOLN WITHHOLDS PLANS 

The 12-day trip was Lincoln's 
first ordeal of the presidency and 
he was far from being at his best. 
Bound by the fact that he had no 
real power until he took the oath of 
office March 4, he also faced the 
grind of 20 major speeches and 
dozens of impromptu talks in big 
cities and whistle stops. 

All the way across the country 
he revealed nothing of his plans 
in his speeches and little, if any- 
thing, in private talks. 

Big crowds greeted Lincoln at 
every stop, most of them en- 
thusisastic. 

About 20,000 heard him proclaim 
from a balcony of the Bates House 
in Indianapolis at the end of the 
first day: 

"I will only say that to the sal- 
vation of the Union there needs but 
one single thing— the hearts of a 
people like yours." 

The second day of the trip was 
his 52nd birthday and he was riding 
across southern Indiana not far 
from the grave of his mother, 
Nancy Hanks, whose death when 
Lincoln was a child made an ever- 
lasting impression. 

Cincinnati came next, where the 
German-Americans greeted him 
with band music and a memorial, 
then Columbus, Ohio., where he 
told the legislature: 

"There is nothing going wrong 



. . . there is nothing that really 
hurts anybody." 

The phrases set off the editorial 
writers. 

"Nothing going wrong. . . ." Sev- 
en states had seceded, formed a 
separate nation and seized about 
$12 million worth of forts, arsenals 
and other U. S. property. 

"Nothing that really hurts any- 
body. . . ." The puzzled editorial 
,writers gave up on that one. 

Then came Pittsburgh, Cleveland 
and around the shores of Lake Erie 
into New York. 

On this leg of the trip a load 
was lifted from Lincoln's mind. 
A telegram from Washington in- 
formed him that a joint session of 
Congress had canvassed the No- 
vember vote and certified his 
election. 

Lincoln had been worried about 
the canvass, fearing that Congress 
might not be able to muster a 
quorum of that southern sympa- 
thizers might prevent the session. 
But it went off quietly. 

At Albany, N. Y., Lincoln ad- 
mitted he was weary and his 
speech was shot through with 
humility. 

"I hold myself to be the humblest 
of all individuals that have ever 
been elected to the presidency . . ." 

N. Y. RECEPTION COOL 

Then the special train ran at 
30 miles an hour down the east 
shore of the Hudson to New York 
City and Lincoln's first cool re- ! 
ception. 

Mayor Fernando Wood was an ; 
out and out seccessionist. Mer- 
chants were angry because of lost 
southern trade. 

In Philadelphia Lincoln spoke in 
Independence Hall on Washington's 
birthday. "I am filled with emo- 
tion," he said as he stood where 
the nation was founded. The threat 
of civil war he minimized. 

Also in Philadelphia he heard the 
first word from Detective Allan 
Pinkerton of a plot to kill him as 
he went through Baltimore. Pink- 
erton urged Lincoln to change the 
schedule and go through Baltimore 
secretly. 

Lincoln was skeptical but debated 
what to do on the way to be 
greeted by the governor and the 
legislature. Frederick Seward, son 
of William H. Seward, secretary j 
of state designate, t came with a j 



message from his father, also 
warning of the plot. 

LINCOLN HEEDS WARNINGS 

Lincoln made up his mind to heed 
the warnings, much to his later 
embarrassment. 

He put on an old overcoat and a 
soft hat. The telegraph wires out 
of Harrisburg were cut and Lin- 
coln, Pinkerton and Ward Lamon 
left the hotel by a back door and 
boarded a special train. Lamon, a 
former law partner and a rough 
nad ready fighter, carried four 
pistols and two knives. Lincoln's 
car was attached to a train that 
went through Baltimore early in 
the morning without incident. 

The old overcoat and soft hat 
would become a "military coat" 
and a "Scotch plaid cap" in a few 
days and opposition newspapers 
and political opponents would heap 
ridicule on the Illinoisan for 
"cowardice" and "skulking" into 
the capital. 

By 6 a.m. Feb. 23, Lincoln was 
in Washington, safe and sound, 
and was met by Rep. Elihu Wash- 
burne of Illinois, an old friend. 

He recognized Lincoln in the 
early light and shouted: 

"You can't play that on me." 



Lamon advanced with his fists 
doubled. 

"Don't strike him," Lincoln 
warned Lamon. 

Pinkerton sent a telegram to 
Supt. Thomas Scott of the Penn- 
slvania Railroad, in code: 

"Plums delivered nuts safely." 



Buffalo Evening News 
Buffalo, New York 
2/11/61 




Visit 
Here Stop on His 
Road of Destiny 



It was reported that a larger 
congregation was present in 
the First Presbyterian Church, 
in She lton Square on- the site 
of the Erie County* payings 
Bank, because Of rumors the 
President-elect Would be there. 

After church, the Fillmore 
carriage returned to the hotel 
for Mrs. Lincojn before taking 
its passenger* tg. the Fillmore 
House on Njjagjta. Sq. (on the 



By FRANK BUELL 

A TALL MAN from II- | 
linois journeying tow- 
ard a stature-testing chal- 
lenge paused in Buffalo 
100 years ago next week. 

A majority of Erie Coun' j 
ty men had given him their 
votes the preceding No- 
vember. And when his 
special train reached the 
Exchange St. Station on 
Feb. 16, 1861, they had 
come, with their women- 
folk and children, to give 
him their cheers. 

President - elect Abraham 
Lincoln rode a horse-drawn 
carriage up cobble - stoned 
Main St. between surging 
crowds of the well-wishing 
and the curious. 

Late-afternoon sun rays 
slanted above Lake Erie and 
down across the city. 'Wind- 
blown flags flickered on roofs, 
balconies and window ledges. 

Welcoming banners waved. 
One in front of the Young 
Men's Association Bldg. — just 
above West Eagle St. and ad- 
joining the American Hotel 
where the carriage stopped— 
read, "We will pray for you." 
Mr. Lincoln was White House- 
bound, and the nation was torn 
with trouble. Seven states had 
voted to leave the Union. 

Was the tall man from Illi- 
nois a pilot with skill and 
patience to avoid wrecking the 
United States on the -ehoals of 
secession? 

Pensive watchers along Main 
St. that day 100 y^ars ago won- 
dered. 

, * » • 

SOON AFTER Mr. Lincoln's 
arrival, the crowd elogging the 
street in front of the hotel— on 
the former site of the Adam, 
Meldrum & Anderson Co. store 
— heard him speak from a bal- 
cony. 

The President-elect'3 words, 
referring to the nation's relief 
from "threatened difficulties," 
reflected humility and quiet de- 
termination: 



"I am sure I bring a heart 
true to the work. For the abil- 
ity to perform it I trust in that 
Supreme Being Who has never 
forsaken this favored land, 
through the instrumentality of 
this great and intelligent people. 
"Without that assistance I 
shall surely fail; with it 1 can- 
not fail." 

To help "dissipate the clouds 
on the horizon," he advised his 
listeners- to maintain their com- 
posure, stand up to their sober 
convictions of right and their 
obligations' to the Constitution. 
Buffalo had a former Presi- 
dent of the United States, Mil- 
lard Fillmore, to greet Mr. Lin- 
coln and a future President, 
Grover Cleveland, to be a spec- 
tator and listener. Mr. Cleve- 
laod was in the Main St. throng. 
* • * 
IN THE EVENING, Mr. and 
Mrs. Lincoln held separate in- 
formal receptions in the hotel. 
Buffaloniahs who climbed a 
broad stairway .-to meet Mr. 
Lincoln 'were warmed by the 
delight and keen interest this 
somber-looking man had in 
mingling with people. 

After the reception, the Saen- 
gerbund and the Liedertafel, 
German singing societies, sere 
naded the President-elect. 

In 1861, the city had a popu 
lation of 81,000. There were 
three street-car lines, in Main, 
Niagara and Genesee Sts., 
drawn by horses. 

The residential streets had 
fanned out from the harbor 
only to North St. and a little 

beyond Jefferson Ave. They 
had not* spread south of the 

Buffalo River. 

* * * 

IT WAS AN ERA of canal 
boats, gas lights and hoop 
skirts. 

But on the next day, a Sun- 
day, when Mr. Lincoln rode 
several times in Mr. Fillmore's 
private carriage, he followed 
stretches that are familiar to- 
day. 

From the hotel, the Fillmorei 
took him to the Unitarian 
Church at Franklin and W. 
Eagle Sts. They wetrshipped in 
a building that still stands, 
housing the Abstract Tkle Di- 
vision, Title Guarantee Co. 



corner where' iW'Statler Hilton 
now towers) for dinner and an 
afternoon of Unostentatious hos- 
pitality, i >' 

• * * 

IN THE EVENING, Mr. Lin- 
coln accompanied Mr. Fillmore 
to St. James Hall, E. Eagle and 
Washington Sts., a building de- 
stroyed by fire a few years 
later, to hear a missionary tell 
of his work among the Indians 
in the Far West. r 

The President-elect knew he 
was scheduled for an early de- 
parture the next morning. But 
the cjhance to get first-hand in- 
formation about how the Gov- 
ernment could help the Indians 
took precedence over rest. 
*Then in the pie-dawn cold of 
Feb. 18 the Washington-bound 
party went from the hotel to 
the railroad station to resume 
its journey. 

Firefighters, at Main and 
Swan Sts. for a blaze that had 
damaged Townsend Hall, 
shouted affection and encour- 
agement to the President-elect 
as the carriages moved toward 
Exchange St, 

Two weeks past, on Feb. 4, 
representatives of South Caro- 
lina, Georgia, Florida, Ala- 
bama, Mississippi and Louisi- 
ana had met in Montgomery, 
Ala., and formed the Confeder- 
ate States of America. 

* * • 

TWO WEEKS HENCE, at his 

inauguration on March 4, the 
new President would caution his 
"dissatisfied fellow country- 
men:" 

"You have no oath in Heaven 
to destroy the Government 
while I have the most solemn 
one to 'preserve, protect and 
defend it'." 

The train shuddered into mo- 
tion and headed east toward a 
whirlpool of conflict. - 

Aboard, elected to be the 
Union's leader during a steely 
armed time of testing, was 
Abraham Lincoln. 

A man with charity and with- 
out malice, he was to agonize 
through warfare's bleak night- 
time, tormented by its bloodi- 
ness. 

Still,. he intimately lived with 
his principles,; kept his faith in 
"the better apgels of our na- 
ture." And his principles won. 

But Mr. Lincoln never saw 
Buffalo again. When he re- 
turned, four years and two 
months later, mourning black 
shadowed the city.' 

The President had been as- 
sassinated. 



••> 



The Cleveland Press 
Cleveland, Ohio 
2/11/61 



THE CIVIL WAB 

®&^w 100 Years 
Ago Today 



Lincoln Starts for Capital 

SPRINGFIELD, 111., Feb. 11, 1861— U. S. President-elect 
Abraham Lincoln left his home here by train today for 
Washington, D. C, where he will be inaugurated on 
Mar. 4. The trip is expected to take about 10 days with 
numerous stops on the way. 



Journal Herald 
Dayton, Ohio 
February 11, 1961 



\ 



Dayton Won't See Abe Lincoln 

Rail Splitter Takes 




rr 



Abraham Lincoln 
, . , /« January, ISCil 



Detour" In 1861 



By Lloyd Ostftndorf 

Daytonians clamored Tor £ good look at Abraham Lin- 
coln, the newly-elected President, 100 years ago tomorrow. 

Preparations were made on a large scale to welcome 
the Rail Splitter. The Phillips House downtown was lav- 
ishly decorated in his honor. A distinguished welcoming 
committee consisting ot the Mayor and two leading citizens 
had even traveled to Lincoln's hometown, Springfield, 111., 
to invite the expected visitor here personally. 

All seemed well as Dayton waited. Then the Dayton 
Journal announced that the presidential train out of Cincin- 
nati had taken the "wrong track," and thus, Dayton lost its 
big chance to host the President-fleet. 

The rail route taken from Cincinnati to Columbus was 
a road that bypassed Dayton for Xenia, much to the disap- 
pointment of the hometowners here. 

This proposed visit in 1861 would have been Lincoln's 
second to Dayton. Many journeyed to Xenia to witness the 
celebration there even though it was a short stop. But, all 
in all, Dayton rightfully felt cheated. 

Back in 1860 Dayton had voted for Lincoln to help him 
win the presidency, Montgomery county voted 1,840 votes 
for him and 1,569 against. 

LOCAL RESIDENTS had heard him speak for almost two 

hours when he campaigned here in the Fall of 1Sj9, September 

14 th was the date he spoke from 

About The Author 

This is another in the 
Journal Herald scries mark- 
ing the centennial of the war 

between the 




coin material, photographs and 
memorabilia has become a 
near-avocation. Ostendorf, au- 
thor of a booh, "Mr. Lincoln 
Came to Dayton," lives at 225 
Lookout drive . . . See cartoon 
and editorial "We Know Him 
Better \'ou\" pane 4. 



the steps of our Old Courthouse, 
Then came the presidential 
campaign of 1860. There was a 
special "Lincoln touch" to the 
parade rallies here. A posloffice 
employe, William M. Green, 
saw lo that. He knew that 
Lincoln supporters in other 
cities boasted Lincoln rails to 
carry in their torchlight pa- 
rades. He sent lo Illinois for 
a half dozen of the hand-split 
walnut fence rails supposed to 
have been split by the famous 
Rail Splitter himself. 

Some smart politicians had 
gathered a field full of rails 
out in Macon county. 111., where 
Lincoln and John Hanks had 
worked in the 1830's. 

Lincoln's good friend. Rich- 
ard Oglcsby of Springfield, 111., 
made quite a business out of 
supplying the demands for 
Lincoln rails. 

Green's letter from Dayton 
is still on file in Springfield as one of the largest orders shipped 
qui. The whereabouts of the six rails delivered to Dayton is not 
known today. 

Ai Jim iniuiiiral lime grow near in 1861, notices like this 
appeared in the Journal: 

"Mr. Lincoln is a model husband. For three successive 
nights, each stormy with snow, he waited at the Springfield 
depot for Hie return of his wile." 

Republican leaders were jubilant at the prospect that their 
choice would soon be on his way to the While House and would 
possibly stop here. Ready to greet him again was Congressman 
Robert Cumming Schenck who had served once in congress 
with Lincoln. He long remained his close friend, and had cam- 
paigned in southern Illinois for his friend in 1860. 
-r -r •!• 
THE YEAR before he had made a speech from the same 
courthouse platform from which Lincoln had spoken earlier. 
Then it was that Schenck was credited as being the first man 
outside of Mr. Lincoln's own state to publicly name him for the 
presidency, By 1861 it all had come true. 

Col. John G. Lowe, the Dayton attorney and Republican 
leader who had introduced Lincoln before ins speech in 1859, 
was named to Hie chairmanship of the newly-formed reception 
committee. 

Also named to invite and receive Mr. Lincoln here were 
Mayor William H. Gillespie, and Thomas A. Phillips, a leading 
businessman and cotton manufacturer. The citizens of Dayton 
appointed the trio lo not only write to Lincoln but visit Spring- 
held, ID., and peisonally extend the invitation. 
Here is the note of invitation: 

Springfield 
Feb. 7, 181.1 
Hon. A. Lincoln, 

Sir; In ihe discharge of a very agreeable duty, devolved 
upon us by resolution of (he citizens of Dayton (Ohio), in public 
meeting assembled without distinction of party, we are here to 
tender to you an invitation lo accept their welcome and partuLe 
of their hospitalities on your way to Washington, to enter upon 
the office of President of the tinted States. 

We tKist you may he abbi and willing to accede, j to their 
ffittfll -'%" «— ■ "■*- - V 



_— I 




Col. John G. Lowe 
. . . He Wrote Letter 




Lincoln Oik " Wrong" Track 



(Contorted from Page 1) 
hearty and unanimous wishes in this regard, and that you -will 
authorize us to bear back to ihem your acceptance of their 
imitation. 

Aery Respectfully, 

John G. Lowe T. A. Phillips 

U. H. Gillespie 

The Journal reported that Mr. Lincoln received the three 
Day tomans promptly, Feb. 9. 

"Immediately after tine notes from the committee were sent. 
Mr. Lincoln sent word that he would see the gentlemen in 15 
minutes, and then promptly to the lime he called upon them 
at the Chewy House. His manner was fraud and cordial, en- 
tirely free from any reserve of formality. He expressed his 
gratification with the invitation and his desire to see all his 
feliow citizens who desired to see him and explained the circum- 
stances under which he was to travel to Washington. As his 
written reply to the invitation slates, he will stop at Dayton as 
long as may be practicable and consistent with the arrangements 
for reaching and leaving Columbus . . . 

The interview of Hie committee with Mr. Lincoln impressed 
them with the sterling character and honesty of the man." 

And the Journal scribe closed with these prophetic remarks; 

"He has the nerve and the talent which eminently make him 
for the present crisis, and he will do his duly with all the fervor 
of a true and patriotic heart." 

On the back of the letter of invitation from the Dayton men, 
Lincoln wrote in pencil: 



C^kr — " — ~ -/I "T 



td*~- 1, 



Lincoln's secretary, John Nicolay. elaborated on the concise 
note, and sent this formal reply to the Dayton committee : 




S>C*t fa-' ;-/*- strr X'^ZS-'-S^Li f<rr- ■■>*_£■ £~~.*Lt?<~-/L^ 




No sooner had the President- 
elect's train traveled a few 
miles out of his home town and 
into the Illinois prairie, there 
came a sudden halt. 

THL RAIL SPLITTER'S 
right of way eastward was 
barred by a rail fence. Yes, 
there was a strong section of 
slake and rider rails stretched 
right across the hack. The 
crew jumped from the engine 
to clear the road. 

But the folks who had set up 
the delay had accomplished 
their purpose. Old Abe, as they 
expected, appeared on the back 
platform and began exchanging 
friendly greetings with the 
smiling, noisy crowd. For one 
last spell Lincoln was among 
Ins old friends. 

It was Feb. 12, 1861. Lincoln's 
52nd birthday, when he greeted 
the citizens at Cincinnati. 

On Feb. 13. Mr. Lincoln and 
party left the Burnet House 
for the Little Miami railroad 
depot. The two-car train pro- 
ceeded to Milford. Loveland, 
Miamiville, Morrow, Corwin 
and London. Mr. Lincoln bowed 
and shook hands as the tram 
stopped a moment at each 
place. Dayton was not on the 
route as the train headed for 
Xenia. 

The Journal had broken the 
disappointing news the day be- 
fore under the headline, "Mr.. 
Lincoln Not Coming to Dayton." 

"It appears after all Mr. Lin- 
coln will not pass through Day- 
ton on his way lo Washington. 
The 'Railway Guide,' Mr. 
Wood, has decided that he shall 
travel over the Little Miami, 
instead of the S. D. & C. R. R. 
This will be a great disappoint- 
ment to many of our people, 
bul all will wish Mr. Lincoln a 
safe and speedy transit lo Wash- 
ington . . . Every preparation, 
too. had been made to give Ml*. 
Lincoln a handsome and befit- 
ting reception. Mr. Hubbeil of 
the Phillips House, was engaged 
to prepare an entertainment for 
the new President and those 
who accompanied him, which 
would have fully met all expec- 
tations of Dayton for generous 
and liberal hospitality to all her 
guests . . . 

"Conscious of the fact that 
our friends from the West have 
missed a handsome reception 
by taking the wrong track to 
Columbus, we may console our- 
selves for our disappointment, 
by our own willingness and 
abilily to sustain the reputation 
which Dayton has already 
won." 

So it was thai Dayton missed 
seeing Lincoln when he was on 
his way to greatness. 



*^£g£2$& * &&&&* 



It was on Feb. 11. 1861, thai Lincoln said farewell lo his 
friends and neighbors in Springfield, never to return there alive. 



The Cincinnati Enquirer 
Cincinnati, Ohio 
2/12/61 



Lincoln s Last Visit To Cincinnati 



The dale was February 12, 1861, 
the President-elect's 52nd birthday 
anniversary. He was on his way to 
Washington for his inauguration. 



BV HAROLD HARRISON 

Associated Press Writer 

One hundred years ago today Abraham Lincoln ob- 
served his 52d birthday, and a big part of the day was 
spent in Cincinnati. 

Lincoln was on a round-about trek Irom Springfield, 
111., to Washington for his inauguration as President of 
a nation that, a little more than a month after he took 
office, was to be plunged into the costly and bloody Civil 
War 

What happened on that day a hundred years ago? 

To an extent, it war. somewhat the same as would 
happen today. There was an official greeting at the rail- 
road station, a parade before crowds and then a short 
speech by the Presider.t-elecl. 

Beyond that, however, there apparently was little to 
resemble what would happen in 1961. 

Lincoln's appearance here didn't even warrant a story 
on Page 1 of the Enquirer of February 13. It was on an 
inside page and was added on to the story of Lincoln's 
appearance in Indianapolis the day before and his trip 
to Cincinnati. 

The next day, when Lincoln went on to Columbus, 
the Enquirer's only mention was a paragraph in a story 
from Columbus that he had left here at 9 o'clock that 
morning 

IF THERE even was any mention of the fact Lincoln's 
appearance here was on his birthday it escaped notice 
In ? study of the newspaper files of that dale 

In this year of 1961 if President Kennedy had made 
an overnight stop here while en route to his inaugura- 
tion, virtually every reporter in town would have been 
working on the story. The President's every move would 
have been recorded. 

In that year of 1861, however, Lincoln went from 
Springfield to Indianapolis where on February 11, he 
made a short speech at the Bates House — now the Clay- 
pool Hotel 

The next morning his train swung southeast toward 
Cincinnati over the old Ohio & Mississippi Railroad and 
arrived here in mid-afternoon at a station which then 
stood near the west end of Fifth Street. 

The Enquirer of February 13 reports a crowd gathered 
at the station but said: 

"There was a big gathering but in all candor we must 
state there was a limited amount of enthusiasm as even 
the enemies of the President-elect could desire." 

At one place in his story, the unnamed reporter said 
a friend pointed to "the mixed mass of the peculiar insti- 
tution' and their sympathetic white brethren" and re- 
marked it was a visible illustration of the black Republi- 
can platform." 



With malice toward none; with" 
cnaritu jor all: wild ji'rmncss 
in the riant as &ocf atves us 
to sec the riant... 




THE REPORTER recorded, however, that as Lincoln's 
train approached there was a "steady stream of hu- 
manity" and that "it was a concourse in which curiosity 
to see the man was predominant." 

He added that "as the train reached the depot, the 
rush was so great that the sentinel police were borne 
back and 'Lincoln' was the cry." 

After being greeted at the station the President-elect 
was made a part of a parade headed by military units— 
the First Cincinnati Battalion, the Continental Battalion, 
the Independent Guthrie Grays and the Washington 
Dragoons. 

The bitter spirit of the times with Civil War nearing 
is shown in this statement: 

"We need not describe Mr. Lincoln but as he stood 
upon the platform of the car, hat in hand, listening to 
the short address of the chairman of the committee, com- 
parisons flitted before the vision which Mrs. Malaprop 
pronounced as odorous.' " 

THE PARADE, judging from newspaper and other 
accounts, must have' been much the same as in the pres- 
ent day. Although the station was only a comparatively 
short distance from the hotel, the procession of military 



units, dignitaries, "political admirers on horseback" and 
carriages wended its way as far north as 15th Street 
before turning back down Vine Street to the old Burnet 
House. 

The Burnet House stood at Third and Vine Streets 

The Enquirer said the streets were lined with people 
whose "curiosity to see the man whom circumstances 
had elevated to so fearful a responsible position in the 
history of a mighty nation appeared to be the all- 
engrossing sentiment." 

Cheers came from the crowd but the Enquirer said 
those who "hurrahed were in portion of about one to 10. 

There was a different reaction from Lincoln, however. 
After being introduced at the Burnet House by Mayor 
Richard M. Bishop, he said: 

"This magnificent demonstration far exceeds my most 
sanguine expectations." 

LINCOLN DECLARED the compliments were not di- 
rected to him personally but to the President-elect and 
said it would have been the same if either of his oppon- 
ents had been elected. 

Then turning his attention to Kentucky, just across 
the river, he said: 

"It has frequently been propounded to me how the 
people of Kentucky and of the South should be treated. 
We — the Republican party— mean to treat you as Wash- 
ington. Jefferson and Madison treated you. We mean to 
leave you alone and in no way interfere with your insti- 
tution We mean to deal with you equally with ourselves. 
There is no difference between us other than the differ- 
ence of circumstance." 

Within weeks, the secession of Southern states from 
the Union was to bring an end to such thoughts. 

After his speech Lincoln and Mrs. Lincoln went to 
their rooms in the Burnet House for the night but the 
Enquirer reported persons seeking to shake the President- 
elect's hand showed "vulgar and impertinent curiosity." 

There was a party that night for Robert Lincoln, the 
President-elect's son, but the elder Lincoln did not appear. 

The next evening in Columbus it was reported Lin- 
coln calmly received a dispatch from Washington saying, 
"Votes counted peaceably. You are elected." It appar- 
ently referred to the Electoral College. 

THE BIRTHDAY VISIT here in 1861 was the third 
and last to Cincinnati for Lincoln. He had been here in 

two or three years before that. 

Lincoln had spent all one summer working up a case 
in a patent infringement suit. When he arrived here for 
the trial he discovered his client had hired Edwin M. 
Stanton of Pittsburgh and a Cincinnati attorney. 

Stanton, referring to Lincoln as a "long-armed 
baboon, "shunted the future President to the sidelines in 
the trial of the suit. 

Later, Lincoln named that same Edwin Stanton to be 
his Secretary of War. 

And although 1861 newspaper coverage of a visit by 
a President-elect is far different from that of 1961, there 
still were "angles" to be found 100 years ago. 

Alongside the Enquirer's February 13, 1861. story of 
Lincoln's appearance here was a small advertisement. 
It said: 

"Personal— ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

"Will find it to his advantage by calling at the Union 
Loan Office. No. 138 Sycamore St., between Fourth and 
Fifth. Adams and Lipman, proprietors." 

The best guess is that Adams and Lipman figured 
Lincoln might need a loan to get the rest of the way to 
Washington. 



Fort Wayne Journal Gazette 
Fort *ayne, Ind. 
2/12/61 



FEBi 






mi 




ABE IN INDIANA — William 
E. Wilson, state superin- 
tendent -of public instruc- 
tion, plays the part of Ab- 
raham Lincoln yesterday in 
a reenactirent of Lincoln's visit 
to Indianapolis 100 years ago 
while en route to Washington 
from Illinois. Wilson reads the 
speech Lincoln delivered that 
day. Gov. Matthew E. Welsh 
also took part in the observ- 
ance of Lincoln's visit and of 
his birthday anniversary. — AP 
Wirephoto. 



'Abe Lincoln' 
Finds New 
Trials In '61 



INDIANAPOLIS (AP) - Abra- 
, ham Lincoln and the weather 
looked • about the same. His ad- 
dress was the same. 

But the background was new and 
so were the interruptions in a re- 
enactment Saturday of Lincoln's 
visit to Indianapolis 100 years ago 
on his way to Washington to be- 
come President. 

State Superintendent of Public 
Instruction William E. Wilson, 
fitted out with chin whiskers, 
looked passably like Lincoln for 
his role in the pageant. Gov. Mat- 
thew E. Welsh played the part of 
Oliver P. Morton, Indiana's gov- 
ernor of that day, and Mayor 
Charles Boswell took the part of 
Mayor Samuel B. Maxwell. 

Light snow fell and the temper- 
ature hovered around freezing- 
just as the weather was that day 
in 1861. 

Several hundred persons gath- 
ered at the approximate spot 
where Lincoln left his train, now 
the west plaza of the new State 
Office Building. 

While they gathered, a modern 
train chugged noisily up a spur 
into their midst. Officials' frantic 
waves brought the train to a stop 
but not in time to prevent the 
clang of warning gongs at cross- 
ings. 

Lincoln spoke briefly, saying in 
part: 

"In all the trying positions in 
which I shall be placed, and 
doubtless I shall be placed in 
many trying ones, my reliance 
will be placed upon you and the 
people of the United States." 

Shortly afterwards, he found 
himself in a trying position— his 
horse-drawn surrey blocked by a 
huge traffic jam created by the 
same 25-car train that had blun- 
dered into the welcoming cere- 
mony. 

After the train was finally 
moved, the parade continued to 
the Claypool Hotel— where the 
Bates House stood in Lincoln's 
Day. 

There Wilson delivered the 
formal address Lincoln gave at 
the same spot. 




ABRAHAM LINCOLN 

The Civil War president shortly before his inaugura- 
tion nearly 100 years ago. 

On 52 nd Birthday 

Lincoln Started 
Fateful Journey 



EDITORS NOTE— Lincoln's 
birlhday has a special signifi- 
cance for Americans this year. 
He observed it on a train carry- 
ing him towards a responsibil- 
ity he saw far more clearly 
than others. Here's a picture ot 
the quiet anniversary which 
passed almost unnoticed as 
Lincoln prepared to shoulder a 
burden greater than any presi- 
dent before him. 



By TOM HENSHAW 
AP Newsfeatures Writer 

The special train, a closed little 
'world of its people and thoughts, 
labored across the flat Indiana 
landscape, its high, flat-topped 
stack trailing smoke that whisped 
away in its wake. 

The little towns of mid-America 
passed by with their little red 
stations where people waved. 

The lanky man sat jackknifed in 
a plush chair, a month or so of 
new-grown beard shadowing his 
homely face. He scribbled notes, 
perhaps, or exchanged a dry joke 
with his companions, or lost him- 
self in thoueht. 



In the baggage car of the train 
trunks and chests of personal be- 
longings, packed by the man 
himself, were stacked high, each 
bearing the destination label, 
written by the man himself: "A. 
Lincoln, the White House, Wash- 
ington, D.C." 

Stood in Rain 
This was Abraham Lincoln on 
his 52nd birthday, Feb. 12, 1861. a 
scant three weeks from becoming 
president of a disintegrating na- 
tion on the threshold of a bloody 
civil war. 

A day's travel behind him lay 
his beloved Springfield where, on 
the previous morning, he had 
stood in the cold, drizzling rain 
rnd bade a solemn, prayerful 
farewell to his friends of a life- 
time. 

"No one, not in my situation, 
can appreciate my feeling of sad- 
ness at this parting. To this place, 
and the kindness of these peop}e. 
I owe everything 

"Here I have lived a quarter 
of a century and have passed 
from a young to an old man 
Here my children have been born, 
and one is buried. 

"I now leave, not knowing 
when, or whether ever, I may 
return, with a task before me 
greater than that which rested 
upon Washington. 

Trusts In Him 
"Without the assistance of that 
Divine Being, who attended him 
I cannot succeed. With that as- 
sistance I cannot fail. 

"Trusting in Him, who can gc 
with me, and remain with you and 
be everywhere for good, let us 
confidently hope that all will yet 
be well. 

"To his care commending you, 
as I hope in your prayers you 
will commend me, I bid you an 
affectionate farewell." 

The train rolled on into an un- 
certain future. 

In Washington futile old Presi- 
dent James Buchanan, surround-j 
ed by intrigue and treason, wrung; 
his hands and waited like a gasp-' 
ing relay runner hanging on until 
his successor could take the baton 
from his grasp. 

For many the union was no 
more. Seven states already had 
broken from its bonds. Four oth- 
?rs were on the verge. Was it pos- 
sible with words and deeds to re- 
unite the nation — on terms of 
honor? 

Already the first shots had been 
fired in anger, from a South Car- 
olina battery on a ship, the Star 



of the West, carrying supplies to 
beleaguered Ft. Sumter. Could 
Civil war be averted — again on 
terms of honor? 

The train rolled on. 
Last Hopes 

Aboard, carefully shielded from 
outside eyes, were 20 copies of 
the Inaugural Address to be de- 
livered March 4, its words con- 
taining the last hopes of preserv- 
ing the union. 

At once, Lincoln hoped they 
would and knew they wouldn't. 

There was the promise: "I have 
no purpose directly or indirectly 
to interfere with the institution of 
slavery in the states where it ex- 
ists." 

There was the firm purpose: 
"Physically speaking, we cannot 
ooparate. No state, upon its own 
mere action, can lawfully get out 
ot the union. 

And there was the plea and the 
hopes: "We are not enemies, but 
friends. We must not be enemies. 

"The mystic chords of memory, 
stretching from every battlefield, 
and patriot grave to every living 
heart and hearthstone, all over 
this broad land, will yet swell the 
chorus of union when again 
touched, as surely they will be, 
by the better angels of our na- 
ture." 

The train rolled on and, per- 
haps, as Lincoln sat deep in 
thought, he recalled the parting 
words of. two days before to his 
old law partner and friend, Wil- 
liam H. Herndon: 

"I am sick of officeholding al- 
ready, and I shudder when I 
think of the tasks that are still 
ahead. 



i\\-L\h(ri 



Standard-Times 
Nov Bedford, Mass. 
2/12/61 



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rv v :^.: :■:■:;.;:..;. :_Vv v -::v:.:-.v::: 




-Associated Press Wirephoto* 
PREMDFNT-L'LLCT— A thoughtful Abraham Lincoln sits for a 
pre-inaugural photograph by Malhew Brady on Feb. 26, 1861. The 
picture of the man about to become President was made in the 
photographers Washington gallery. This is a retouched print' tit 
a portion of the photo, which is in the Roy Meredith Collection. 

n lira ' 



.««--' . 



Lincoln Spent Birthday 
011861 Aboard Train 



By TOM HENSHAW 
AP Newsfeatures Writer 

The special train, a closed little 
world of its people and thoughts, 
labored across the flat Indiana 
landscape, its high, flat-topped 
stack trailing smoke that whipped 
away in its wake. 

The lanky man sat jack-knifed 
in a plush chair, a month or so of 
new-grown beard shadowing his 
homely face. 

In the baggage- car of the train, 
trunks and chests ot personal be- 
longings packed by the man him- 
self, were stacked high, each 
bearing the destination label, 
written by the man himself: "A 
Lincoln, the While House, Waslj 
inglon, D. C." 



'Lincoln's Birthday' 

This was Abraham Lincoln on 
his 52d bjrthday, Feb. 12, 1861, aj 
scant threjfr weeks from becoming 
President. of a disintegrating na- 
tion, on! tie .threshold of a bloody 
civil war 

A day's travel behind him lay- 
bis beloved Springfield where, on 
the previous morning, he had bade 
a solemn, prayerful farewell to his 
friends of,a lifetime." 

"No dnW hot ȣ jny situation, 
can appreciate my feeling of sad- 
ness at : -'jlius^j>ajfe|#ig. To this 
piace. and thsyi&uldne.vs of these 
people, J. owe 'everything 

."Here fc^w-iived a quarlir 
o,f a '.century, ' and Jia\e passed 
from.,' a youhsr^tri an old man. 
iiere Biy. chikbwfeaVe been born 
find one is .buried. 

"I ■ nov^ : leave, , not knowing 
when or <• whether ever, I may 
return, ^vith a task before me 
greater than that which rested 
upon Washington. 

'"Without the assistance of that 
DiMne Being, who attended him, 



1 c.i limit succeed. With thai as- 
sistance I cannot fail." 

in Washington, futile old Presi 
dent Buchanan, surrounded by 
intrigue and treason, wrung his 
hands and wailed, For many, 
ihe Union was no more. Seven 
Males already had broken from 
ils bonds. Four others were oh 
the verge. Was it: possible with 
words and deeds 'to reunite the 
nation— on terms of honor? 

Already a South Carolina bat- 
tery had fired on a ship. ' the 
Star of the West, carrying sup- 
plies to beleaguered Foil Sumter. 
Could civil war be averted — 
again on lerms of honor? 

The train rolled on. 

Inaugural Address 

Aboard, carefully shielded from 
outside eyes, were 20 copies of Ihe 
inaugural address lo be delivered 
March 4. ils words containing the 
last hopes of preserving the Union. 
Lincoln hoped they would and 
knew they wouldn't. 

There was the promise: 

"I have no purpose directly or 
indirectly to interfere with the 
institution of slavery in the Stales 
where it exists." 

There was the firm purpose: 

"Physically speaking, we can- 
not, separate. No State, upon its 
own mere action, can lawfully got 
out of ihe Union." 

And there was the plea and the 
■hopes: 

"We are no! £ enemies, but 
friends. We must hot be enemies. 
The mystic chords of memory, 
stretching from every battlefield, 
and patriot grave, to e\ery living 
heart ' and hearthstone, all over 
this broad land, will yet swell the 
chorus of union, when again 
j touched, a.s surely they will be, 
!by Ihe better angels of our na- 
iture." 



The Milwaukee Journal 
Milwaukee, Wisconsin 
February 12, 19G1 



Abraham Lincoln 100 Years Ago Today 

His 52nd Birthday Anniversary Passed Almost Unnoticed as He Sat Alone With His Thoughts 
on a Train Taking Him From Springfield, 111., to Immortality 



Tom Henshaw, for the 
Associated Press 

HPHE special train, a closed lit- 
tle world of its people and 
thoughts, labored across the 
flat Indiana landscape, its high, 
flat topped stack trailing smoke 
that wisped away in its wake. 

The little towns of mid-Ameri- 
ca passed by with their little 
red stations where people 
waved. 

The lanky man sat jackknifed 
in a plush chair, a monih or so 
of new grown beard shadowing 
his homely face. He scribbled 
notes, perhaps, or exchanged a 
dry joke with his companions, or 
lost himself in thought. 

In the baggage car, trunks 
and chests of personal belong- 
ings packed by the man himself, 
were stacked high, each bearing 
the destination label, written by 
the man himself: 

"A. Lincoln, the White 
House, Washington, D. C." 

Sad Farewell Still 
Rang in His Ears 

This was Abraham Lincoln on 
his 52nd birthday, Feb. 12, 1861, 
a scant three weeks from becom- 
ing president of a disintegrating 
nation j on the threshold of a 
bloody civil war. 

A day's travel behind him lay 
his beloved Springfield where, 
on the previous morning, he had 
stood in the cold, drizzling rain 
and bade a solemn, prayerful 
farewell to his friends of a life- 
time: 

"No one, not in my situation, 
can appreciate my feeling of sad- 
ness at this parting. To this 
place, and the kindness of these 
people, I owe everything. 

"Here I have lived a quarter 
of a century, and have passed 
from a young to an old man. 
Here my children have been 
born, and one is buried. 

"I now leave, not knowing 




J J f'f Sw 



Bodyguards protected Lincoln when he arrived 
in Washington on the morning of Feb. 23. 



when, or whether ever, I may 
return, with a task before me 
greater than that which rested 
upon Washington. 

"Without the assistance of 
that Divine Being, who attend- 
ed him, I cannot succeed. With 
that assistance I cannot fail. 

Futile Buchanan 

Was on the Ropes 

"Trusting in Him, who can go 
with me, and remain with you 
and be everywhere for good, let 
us confidently hope that all will 
yet be well. 

"To His care commending 



you, as I hope in your prayers 
you will commend me, I bid you 
an affectionate farewell." 

The train rolled on into an un- 
certain future. 

In Washington, futile old 
President James Buchanan, sur- 
rounded by intrigue and treason, 
wrung his hands and waited, 
like a gasping relay runner hang- 
ing on until his successor could 
take the baton from his grasp. 

For many, the Union was no 
more. Seven states already had 
broken from its bonds. Four oth- 
ers were on the verge. Was it 
possible with words and deeds 



to reunite the nation— on terms 
of honor? 

Already the first shots had 
been fired in anger, from a South 
Carolina battery, on a ship, the 
Star of the West, carrying sup- 
plies to beleaguered Fort Sum- 
ter. Could civil war be averted— 
again on terms of honor? 

The train rolled on. 

Aboard, carefully shielded 
from outside eyes, were 20 
copit-s of the inaugural address 
to be delivered Mar. 4, its words 
containing the last hopes of pie- 
serving the Union. 

'We Must Not 
Be Enemies' 

At once, Lincoln hoped they 
would and knew they wouldn't. 

There was the promise: 

"I have no purpose directly 
or indirectly to iiuerfcre with 
the institution of slavery in the 
states where it exists." 

There was the firm purpose: 

"Physically speaking, we can- 
not separate. No state, upon its 
own mere action, can lawfully 
get out of the Union." 

And there was the plea and 
the hopes: 

"We are not enemies, but 
friends. We must not be ene- 
mies. 

"The mystic chords of mem- 
ory, stretching from every bat- 
tlefield, and patriot grave, to 
every living heart and hearth- 
stone, all over this broad land, 
will yet swell the chorus of 
union, when again touched, as 
surely they will be, by the bet- 
ter angels of our nature." 

The train rolled on and, per- 
haps, as Lincoln sat deep in 
thought, he recalled the part- 
ing words of two days before 
to his old 1 a w partner and 
friend, William H. Hemdon: 

"I am sick of office holding 
already and^J shudder when I 
think of the tasks that are still 
ahead." 



A Birthday To Remember 

At 52, Abe Had A Burden 



EDITOR'S NOTE— Lincoln's birthday has a special signif- 
icance for Americans this year. He observed it on a train 
carrying him towards a responsibility he saw far more clear- 
ly than others. Here's a picture of the quiet anniversary which 
passed almost unnoticed as Lincoln prepared to shoulder a 
burden greater than any president before him. 

By TOM HENSHAW 

AP Newsfeatures Writer 

The special train, a closed little world of its people 

and thoughts, labored across the flat Indiana landscape, 

its high, flat-topped stack trailing smoke that whisped 

away in its wake. 

The little towns of mid-America passed by with 
their little red stations where 
people waved. 

The lanky man sat jackknifed 
in a plush chair, a month or so 
of new-grown beard shadowing 
his homely face. He scribbled 
notes, perhaps, or exchanged a 
dry joke with his companions, 
or lost himself in thought. 



In the baggage car of the 
train trunks and chests of 
personal belongings, packed 
by the man himself, were 
stacked high, each bearing 
the destination label, written 
by the man himself: "A. Lin. 
coin, the White House, Wash- 
ington, D. C' 

This was Abraham Lincoln on 
his 52nd birthday, Feb. 12, 1861, 
a scant three weeks from be- 
coming President of a disinte- 
grating nation on the threshold 
of a bloody civil war. 

A day's travel behind him lay 
his beloved Springfield where, 
on the previous morning, he had 
stood in the cold, drizzling rain 
and bade a solemn, prayerful 



farewell to his friends of a life- 
time. 

"No one, not in my situation, 
can appreciate my feeling of 
sadness at this parting. To this 
place, and the kindness of these 
people, I owe everything. 

"Here I have lived a quarter 
of a century and have passed 
from a young to an old man. 
Here my children have been 
born, and one is buried. 

"I now leave, not knowing 
when, or whether ever, I 
may return, with a task be. 
fore me greater than that 
which rested xrpon Washing, 
ton. 

"Without the assistance of that 
Divine Being, who attended him, 
I cannot succeed. With that as- 
sistance I cannot fail. 

"Trusting in Him, who can go 
with me, and remain with you 
and be everywhere for good, let 
us confidently hope that all will 
yet be well. 

"To His care commending you, 



as I hope in your prayers you 
wi'l commend me, I bid you an 
affectionate farewell." 

The train rolled on into an 
uncertain future. 

In Washington futile old Presi- 
dent James Buchanan, surround- 
ed by intrigue and treason, 
wrung his hands and waited like 
a gasping relay runner hanging 
on until his successor could take 
the baton from his grasp. 

For many the union was no 
more. Seven states already had 
broken from its bonds. Four oth- 
ers were on the verge. Was it 
possible with words and deed3 
to reunite the nation — on terms 
of honor? 

Already the first shots had 
been fired in anger, from a South 
Carolina battery on a ship, the 
Star of the West, carrying sup- 
plies to beleaguered Ft. Sumter. 



Could Civil war be averted— 
again on terms of honor? 

The train rolled on. 

Aboard, carefully shielded 
from outside eyes, were 20 copies 
of the Inaugural Address to be 
delivered March 4, its words con- 
taining the last hopes of pre- 
serving the union. 

At once, Lincoln hoped 
they would and knew they 
wouldn't. 

There was the promise: "I 
have no purpose directly or indi- 
rectly to interfere with the insti- 
tution of slavery in the states 
where it exists." 
There was the firm purpose: 
"Physically speaking, we can- 
not separate. No state, upon its 
own mere action, can lawfully 
get out of the union. 



And there, was the plea and 
the hopes: "We are not enemies, 
but friends. We must not be ene- 
mies. 

"The mystic chords of memo- 
ry, stretching from every battle- 
field and patriot gave to every 
living heart and hearthstone, all 
over this broad land, will yet 
swell the chorus of union when 
again touched, as surely they 
will be, by the better angels of 
our nature." 

The train rolled on and, per- 
haps, as Lincoln sat deep in 
thought, he recalled the parting 
words of two days before to his 
old law partner and friend, Wil- 
liam H. Herndon: 

"I am sick of offlcehold- 
Ing already, and I shudder 
when I think of the tasks 
that are still ahead." 



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Dallas Morning News 
Dallas, Texas 
2/1?/ 61 




By TOM HENSHAW 
AP Newsfeatures Writer 

The special train, a closed 
little world of its people and 
thoughts, labored across the flat 
Indiana landscape, its high, 
flat-topped stack trailing smoke 
that whisped away in its wake. 

The little towns of raid-Amer- 
ica passed by with their little 
red stations where people 
waved. 

The lanky man sat jack- 
knifed in a plush chair, a month 
or so of new-grown beard shad- 
owing his homely face. He 
scribbled notes, perhaps, or ex- 
changed a dry joke with his 
companions, or lost himself in 
thought. 

In the baggage car of the 
train, trunks and chests of per- 
sonal belongings packed by the 
man himself, were stacked 
high, each bearing the destina- 
tion label, written by the man 
himself: 

"A. Lincoln, the White House, 
Washington, D.C." 

This Was Abraham Lincoln 
on his 52ci- birthday, Feb. 12, 
1861, a scant three weeks from 
becoming president of a disin- 
tegrating nation on the thresh- 
old of a bloody civil war. 

A day's travel behind him 
lay his beloved Springfield 
where, on the previous morn- 
ing, he had stood in the cold, 
drizzling rain and bade a sol- 



For A. Lincoln 



emn," pwyerful farewell to his 
friends of a lifetime. 

"No one, not in xny situation, 
can appreciate my feelings of 
sadness at this parting. To this 
place, and the kindness of these 
people, I owe everything. 

"Here I have lived a quarter 
of a century, and have passed 
from a young to an old man. 
Here my children have been 
born, and one is buried. 

"I now leave, not knowing 
when, or whether ever, I may 
return, with a task before me 



greater than that which rested others were oja, the verge. Was 
upon Washington. it passib^ ji W&h • words and 

The train rolled on into an deeds 10 reunite the nation- 
uncertain future 

In Washin|toj 



m Bh aid Pres- 
ident JameV' Srchanan, sur- 
rounded by intrigue and trear 
son, wrung his hands and wait- 
ed, like a gasping relay runner 
hanging on until his successor 
could take the baton frqm his 
grasp. 

For many, the Union was no 
more. Seven states already had 
broken from its bonds. Four 




— Courtesy Living History. Inc.. Shenandoah. Iowa. 

This superb woodcut of President Abraham Lincoln 
and son, Tad, was carved by Harper's Weekly en- 
gravers from a photograph that had been made by 
Mathew Brady. Living History, Inc., is reissuing 
the Harper's Weekly as it appeared 100 years ago 
during the Civil War Centennial. 



obI terms of Honor? 

Already the first shots had 
been fired in anger, from a 
South Carolina battery on a 
ship, the Star of the West, car- 
rying supplies to beleaguered 
Fort Sumter. Could 'civil war 
be averted— again on /terms of 
honor? 

The train rolled on. 

Aboard, carefully shielded 
from outside eyesj were 20 
copies of the inaugudbj address 
to be delivered Ma|ch 4, its 
words containing the last hopes 
of preserving the union. 

At once, Lincoln hoped they 
would and knew they wouldn't. 

There was the promise: 

"I have no purpose directly 
or indirectly to interfere with 
the institution of slavery in the 
States where it exists?' 

There was the firm purpose: 

"Physically speaking, we can- 
not separate. No state, upon 
its own mere action, can law- 
fully get out of the union. 

And there was the plea and 
the hopes: 

"We are not enemies, but 
friends. We must not be ene- 
mies. 

"The mystic chords of mem- 
ory, stretching from every bat- 
tlefield, and patriot grave, to 
every living heart and hearth- 
stone, all over this broad land, 
will yet swell the chorus of Un- 
ion, when again touched, a* 
surely they will be, by the bet- 
ter angels of our nature." , 

. if T . -« 

The train rolled on and, per- 
haps, as Lincoln sat deep in 
thought, he recalled the parting I 
words of two days before to his 
old law partner and friend, Wil- I 



liam H. Herndon: 




sick of office holding 

nd I shudder when I 

e tasks that are still 




Tracks Are Guarded 

Wide-Awakes Warned to Omit 
Demonstration in City 

Bv CECIL R. ROSEBERRY 
Times-Union Staff Writer 

Lincoln could have traveled to Washington by a 

u !™ Hirppt route with far less panoply, from his 

much ™ i^ r f n ^/°5 e 'From his obvious distaste for the 

SraSfftfwhTchSe^ led him, he would much 

haV ^te.7liJ h "politlc.l managers arranged a zigzag 
course in a'series of special trains supplied | gatis bj j sev- 
eral railroads that would traverse all the key Northern 
SifS New England; with niajor receptions m 
fivp state capitals, including Albany. 

Never before had such a products been made of 
a Present-elect's journey to his inauguration Not 
b ef P o r r e e S ha e d n one had so far to travel There were good and 

SSSS sS-ll-d ^sec^ded ttiSSJ* civil 

^Northern spirits and solidarity needed bo Mermg 
5« dps it was smart public-relations to allow the at - 
S a peKona inspection of the rough-hewn Midwe st- 
erner the P v had elected sight-unseen There was enormous 
Miriivrftv to see what he really looked like. 

T ncoln accepted the invitations of five governors 
to vS their capitals-those of Indiana, Ohio. Pennsyl- 
vania New York and New Jersey. He declined a bio 
from Boston, as being too far a diversion 

See LINCOLN, Page A-6 






Times-Union 
Albany. New iork 
2/19/61 



LINCOLN HERE! 

Tracks Are Guarded 

Wide-Awakes Warned to Omit 
Demonstration in City 



Continued from Page A-l 

The trip, with its num- 
erous stops and speeches, 
consumed 12 days. Dur- 
ing that precise period, 
delegates of the seeded 
states were meeting at 
Montgomery, Ala., to form 
their Confederacy. Sim- 
ultaneously, a Peace Con- 
ference was floundering 
in Washington. 

On the ' day Lincoln 
spoke to the Legislature in 
Albany, Jefferson Davis 
was inaugurated as presi- 
dent of the Confederacy. 
Somebody made a grue- 
some wisecrack that "the 
dogs of war are getting 
hydrophobia." 

Not surprisingly, there 
was plenty of criticism of 
Lincoln's elaborate city-to- 
city swing, and this was 
by no means confined to 
the South. The hostile Al- 
bany Atlas & Argus had 
its say the morning after 
his visit here: 

"We do not see why the 
tour was made at all. It 
was not necessary, and has 
not been usual. No Presi- 
dent-elect ever sought such 
ovations, or seized such 
occasions for political 
speech-making. 

The same Democratic 
paper ridiculed his new- 
grown beard and his "dizzy 
and devious course to 
Washington." There is 
no gain-saying that the 
route was indirect. The 
principal cities visited 
were: Indianapolis, Cin- 
cinnati, Columbus, Pitts- 
burgh, Cleveland, Buffalo, 
Albany, New York, Tren- 
ton*, Philadelphia and Har- 
risburg. There were 
numerous short intermedi- 
ate stops, and great and 
noisy crowds turned out 
everywhere. 

It became apparent as 
early as Cincinnati that 
Lincoln was not standing 
the strain of frequent 



speech-making and endless 
handshaking too well. Ad- 
vance instructions were to 
keep the ceremonies sim- 
ple; and especially to rule 
out demonstrations of a 
political nature. These 
were ignored at the early 
stops. When he reached 
Cleveland, the* wires car- 
ried this message on 
ahead: 

"Mr. Lincoln desires it 
to be made known that 
the anticipated Wide- 
Awake demonstrations at 
Albany and New York 
will be unacceptable to the 
party. Serious inconveni- 
ence has already been oc- 
casioned by the unneces- 
sary number of committee 
men who throng the cars. 
Two cars will compose 
the special train hereafter. 
Thoughtful attention to 
these suggestions will con- 
tribute greatly to the com- 
fort and health of Mr. Lin- 
coln, who is physically far 
from adequate to the de- 
mands made upon his 
strength." 
This request was heeded. 
The Wide - Awake kept 
quiet in Albany; and a 
delegation of them which 
had been scheduled to 
come up from New York 
to escort him down the 
river did not show. (The 
Wide - Awakes were a 
flashy young men's cam- 
paign club which had 
beaten the drums for Lin- 
coln.) 

/There were fears for 
Lincoln's safety — that at- 
tempts at assassination 

might be made to prevent 
him from reaching Wash- 
ington. Accordingly, sev- 
eral Army officers rode the 
train with him, and mili- 
tary escorts, in addition to 
police, met him at every 
stop where he was to leave 
the car. 



A well-dressed man amid 
the sidewalk throng watch- 
ing him pass in Albany re- 
marked sneeringly: "The 
nigger-lover will never get 
to the Executive Mansion/' 
A burly Irishman named 
Mullins hit him in the face, 
giving him a very bloody 
nose. 

Each special train was 
preceded on its run by a 
pilot engine to test the 
track and bridges. On the 
New York Central, every 
rail on the eastbound track 
for 298 miles had been 
sounded with a hammer. 
The Hudson River Railroad 
which would take him from 
Albany to New York, order- 
ed its 600 employes on ex- 
tra duty, each patrolling a 
segment of track. 

The New York Central 
took over at Buffalo. The 
train consisted of one bag- 
gage car and two coaches, 
the rear one occupied by 
the Lincoln family. This j 
was a richly furnished par- j 
lor car. Dean Richmond, 
vice president of the Cen- 
tral, rode the train with 
them (despite the fact that 
he was also chairman of 
the Democratic State Com- 
mittee). I 



With the Lincolns were 
their three sons: Robert T., 
who had taken leave from 
his studies at Harvard to 
join them; and Willie and 
Tad. Mrs. Lincoln brought 
along a nurse for the 
younger boys, and a Negro 
servant, William. 

Almost a member of the 
family was 23-year-old Col. 
Elmer E. Ellsworth, whose 
word was law as to escorts 
and parades in each city 
visited. Lincoln liked this 
youth extravagantly; hav- 
ing exclaimed: "He is the 
greatest little man I ever 
met!" 

First Union 
Officer Killed 

Ellsworth originated in 
Mechanicville, so the stop 
in Albany was in the na- 
ture of a homecoming for 
him. He had won national 
popularity as leader of a 
touring company of Zouave 
Cadets; then entered Lin- 
coln's office to study law, 
but spent most of his time 
stumping for Lincoln's 
election. (Little more than 
three months after this Al- 
bany stop, Ellsworth would 
be dead — the first Union 



TIMES-UNION*** Sunday. Feb. 19, 1961 A-S 




Three days after his arrival in Washington, Lin- 
coln sat f<or this little - known photograph by 
Mathew Brady. It reveals all too plainy his fatigue 
from the journey, and the strain of preoccupation 
with the p-obem confronting him. ap NewsfMtures Photo 



officer killed in the Civil 
War. He was shot by a 
hotel owner while perform- 
ing a quixotic gesture of 
bringing a Confederate flag 
down from the hotel roof 
in Alexandria, Va.) 

Gov. Edwin D. Morgan 
sent five aides to Buffalo to 
pick up the Lincoln party 
and escort them to Albany. 
A journalistic celebrity also 
"was aboard" during the 
cross-state journey — Hor- 
ace Greeley. 

After weekending in Buf- 
falo, where he was enter- 
tained by ex-President Mil- 
lard Fillmore, Lincoln was 
awakened very early Mon- 
day morning, Feb. 18, to 
board the train for Albany. 
It was to be a heavy sched- 
ule that day. Despite the 

Sunday's rest, he complain- 
ed of hoarseness and "sore- 
ness of the chest". 

The train left Buffalo at 
5:45 a. m. and paused at 
several stations, large and 
small — at Batavia, Roches- 
ter, Clyde, Syracuse, Utica, 
Little Falls, Fonda, Amster- 
dam, Schenectady. Lincoln 
made practically the same 
short remarks at each stop 
■ — an expression of his hu- 
mility, and of his resolve 
not to say anything about 
policy until after his inaug- 
uration. 

He was wearing what a 
reporter described as "a 
shocking bad hat and a 
very thin old overcoat". 
After leaving Utica, Mrs. 
Lincoln gave an order to 
the Negro servant, who 
then came through the car 
with a new hat-box in hand 
and a handsome broadcloth 
overcoat. "Since then, Mr. 
Lincoln has looked 50 per 
cent better". 

Large Crowd 
In ScWdy 

Crowds lined the tracksl 
between stations to catch 
a glimpse of the train. Of- 
ten there were cannon to 
be fired. As the train near- 
ed Schenectady, a nervous 
gunner accidentally touch- 
ed off his cannon so close 
to the forward car that the 
concussion broke in the 




From Morris Gerbcr Colection 

Second only to Lincoln as 
a celebrity aboard the 
train, was youthful Col. 
Elmer E. Ellsworth. 

door and shattered three 
windows. Despite this con- 
tretemps, Lincoln appear- 
ed on the car platform and 
spoke to a large Schenec- 
tady crowd. 

The train passed West 
' Albany at 2:20 p. m. A sig- 
nal was flashed to the Dud- 
Icy Observatory (then on 
Dudlay Heights), and one 
Archibald Young started 
firing the 21-gun salute 
from a cannon on these 
grounds. (For whatever it 
is worth as a footnote to 
history, Young was the 
same cannoneer who ear- 
lier had fired a salute to 
signalize the execution of 
John Brown). 

The salute was barely 
finished when the train 
stopped at the Broadway 
crossing where a platform 
had been laid. Here there 
was a hitch in schedule. 
The 35th Regiment, which 
was to supply the military 
escort, had not yet arrived. 

The crowd grew impa- 
tient and there were shouts 
of: "Come out on the plat- 
form". "Get off the cars". 
"Show us the Rail-Split- 
ter". "Trot out Old Abe!" 

(Tomorrow: Lincoln in Al- 
bany.)...-^ ,.* 



Times-Union 
Albany, Nsw York 
2/20/61 



TIMES-UNION*** Albany, Mon. Feb. 20 



Lincoln Hailed in Albany, 
But Afterthoughts Varied 




PART II 

By CECIL R. ROSEBERRY 

Times-Union Staff Writer 

President Lincoln's jour- 
ney to Washington had taken 
him on a zig-zag course with 
major receptions planned for 
him in five state capitals, in- 
cluding Albany. When the 
special trams carrying the 
President arrived at the 
Broadway crossing, a hitch 
developed. The 25th Regi- 
ment, which was to supply 
an escort, had not arrived. 
The crowd grew impatient 
and there were shouts of: 
"Show us the Rail-Splitter" 
. . . "Trot out Old Abe!" 

After a while, the 25th Reg- 
iment eame on the .seenc, 
somewhat sheepishly, and 
opened a pathway to the car- 
riages. Only then did Lincoln 
emerge. He was welcomed 
with a little speech by Dem- 
ocratic Mayor George H. Tha- 
cher — to which he responded 
■ as briefly. 

Throng Cheers 

Then Lincoln joined Tha- 
eher in a de-luxe barouche, 
drawn by four fine bay horses. 
His family and coterie follow- 
ed in five other barouches, 
making quite a procession. 
The streets were densely 
thronged with cheering peo- 
ple all the way to the destin- 
ation — the State Capitol (the 
old one). Lincoln stood up in 
the carriage and waved his 
hat. One witness said, in af- 
ter years: "I thought him the 
tallest man I ever saw, and 
he' did not seem homely to 
me." 

The carriages passed under 
a huge banner across Broad- 
way saying: '•Welcome to the 
Capital of the Empire State — 
No More Compromises". 

They rounded the corner to 
start up State St. hill, and 
there hung a banner from the 
windows of the Young Men's 
Association, whose message 



was: "We will pray for you, 
the defender of the Constitu- 
tion as it is". 

Governor Edwin D. Mor- 
gan was a Republican who 
was opposed to slavery, 
though no rabid Abolitionist. 
He had made millions as a 
merchant and investor in New 
York City; was tall, dignified, 
well-proportioned, and wore 
flowing side-whiskers. Lincoln 
later commissioned him ma- 
jor-general of volunteers and 
placed him in command of 
the Military Department of 
New York. 

Morgan's welcome at the 
Capitol was at least sincere. 
He inquired: "How have you 
stood the fatigue of the jour- 
ney?" And Lincoln replied: 
"Well, Governor, better than 
I expected". 

Roaring Mass 

Morgan then led the Presi- 
dent-elect outside to the head 
of the Capitol steps. Spread- 
ing out over Capitol Park was 
a seething, roaring mass of 
human beings. Men and boys 
had even climbed into the 
trees. Lincoln gazed over the 
throng, turned to the Gover- 
nor, and said: "Do you think 
we can make all these people 
hear us?" 

The Governor shook his 
head dubiously and waved his 
hat to quiet the crowd. Mor- 
gan introduced Lincoln to the 
populace, and Lincoln made 
another of his brief responses. 
It didn't matter much what 
he said, because nobody ex- 
cept the few who were near- 
by could hear him. Pickpock- 
ets were at work in the mul- 
titude, and several people 
from outlying villages report- 
ed their wallets stolen. 

Lincoln was then escorted 
by the legislative reception 
committee into the Assembly 
Chamber, where the Senate 
had joined the Assembly to 
hear him. The galleries and 



the corridors were packed, 
and the rustle of crinoline 
was everywhere. Some ladies 
had even usurped legislators' 

seats. | 

Senator Andrew J. Colvin, 
an Albanv attorney, lanotherl 
Democrat,) had been chosen 
to do the honors of introduc- 
tion. Lincoln proceeded to 
make an address from the 
rostrum which, in addition to 
being no masterpiece of ora- 
tory, also hit the low point of 
the entire trip for abject per- 
sonal humility. He all but 
apologized for being there. 
As Lincoln descended after 
the speech, a page boy sidled 
up and asked to shake his 
hand. Said Lincoln: "Certain- 
ly. Are you a Senator or a 
Representative?" , 

Sly Jest 

"Well, I'm a representative, 
sir." 



As a matter of fact, two 
big public dinners had been 
ordered — one at Congress 
Hall and the other at the 
Delavan House. The final 
choice was left to Lincoln 
himself. With his preference, 
for privacy, he chose to dine 
with the Governor. The din- 
ner at the Executive Mansion 
was served "in the Russian 
style". 

At 8:30 p. m., Lincoln and 
his wife returned to the De- 
lavan House to undergo an- 
other ordeal of handshaking 
— a public levee. The Presi- 
dent-elect installed himself in 
the main parlor, and a steady 
flow of people was admitted 
at one door and ushered out 
another. Simultaneously, in 
the ladies' parlor, Mrs. Lin- 
coln was receiving the distaff 
side of Albany society. 

Booth Nearby 



The boy got his handshake. 
As Lincoln then advanced to 
the clerk's desk for the en-; 
suing reception of legislators,; 
he remarked, in a rather lamej 
attempt at humor: "I want to 
get rid of my hat — only for a! 
time, though. Shall I be safe 
in leaving it here?" He placed 1 
it on the desk with a sly 
smile. (Much was being print- ! 
ed about wholesale corruption 
in the Legislature). 

Just that morning, while he 
was riding across the state, a 
three-hour "flap" had occur- 
red in the Legislature" over 
who was going to eniertain 
the President-elect and his 
wife at dinner. A legislative 
committee had been named 
in advance to arrange for his 
reception, and had assumed 
that one of its duties would be 
a banquet in his honor. At 
the last minute, it developed 
that Governor Morgan wanted 
the Lincolns as his private 
guests at the Executive Man- 
sion (then a rented house at 
144 State St.) 



While this was going on, 
John Wilkes Booth, the hand- 
some actor, was back on the 
stage of the Gayety Theatre, 
down on Green St., "with his 
right arm tied to his side, 
but fencing with his left, like 
a demon". He had been acci- 
dently wounded in the arm- 
pit the week previous when, 
in the course of playing "The 
Apostate", he fell upon his 



own dagger. 

The Lincolns retired to 
their suite at the Delavan 
House at 11 p. m. On Tuesday 
morning, Feb. 19, Mayor Tha- 
cher and other officials ap- 
peared at the hotel to pick up 
the party and take them to 
the depot. The fancy-uniform- 
ed Albany Burgesses Corps, 
a semi-military group, pro- 
vided the escort. 

As yet, there was no bridge 
at Albany. The Hudson River 
Railroad had its terminal on 
the other side, at East Albany. 
The usual means of transfer- 
ring passengers between it 
and the New York Central 
was by ferry. But a sudden 
thaw the previous week had 
piled up a huge ice-jam be- 
fore Albany, flooding docks 
and warehouses. It was im- 
possible to use the ferry. 
Hence there was a change in 
routing, taking them up the 
west shore to Waterford Junc- 
tion, then back to Green Is- 
land and across the railroad 
bridge to Troy. 

An estimated 15,000 people 
were waiting at the Troy sta- 
tion, where Lincoln mounted 
a platform and gave his usual 
short talk. Then he boarded 
the most palatial coach he 




had yet ridden— a newly built 
one which the Hudson River 
Railroad had decorated es- 
pecially for this occasion. It 
was so luxurious that Lincoln 
expressed astonishment as he 
entered it. 

And so on down the river, 
to New York City where an- 
other reception awaited him. 
At Philadelphia, Lincoln was 
brought word of an alleged 
plot to assassinate him in Bal- 
timore. He pooh-poohed it at 
first; but finally was convin- 
ced, at Harrisburg, thai he 
should cancel the scheduled 
stop in Baltimore. Leaving 
the rest of the parly, he was 
taken secretively aboard a 
regular train which passed 
him through Baltimore dunng 
the night. 

Repercussions 

Repercussions were left be- 
hind in Albany — as was J. 
Wilkes Booth, who continued 
as the headline attraction at 
the Gayety for several weeks. 
The Democratic Atlas & 
Argus carped that Lincoln 
had talked "balderdash" 
while here, and said: 

"Never did the times more 
need a statesman; and seldom 
or ever has been seen a public 
man who fell so far short of 
the stature and grasp of 
statesmanship as this bewil- 
dered man. He does not look 
as if he had the bodily vigor 
to. stand the pressure upon 
him." 

But the Republican Albany 
Evening Journal (of Thurlow 
Weed) took another view: 

"Mr. Lincoln's brief addres- 
ses are marked by the most 
lunassumed simplicity. There 
is not the least attempt at ef- 
fect or display. His sole ob- 
ject seems to be to say just 
what is necessary in the fen 
est possible words. There i 
nothing stiff or stilted. . . 



nu: "%, a. rt ii'i-i! 
Uii;.n ;.,(,>.< svfiidi h.M.Kil I m.'.iin's, ti'.ni irum Mhnin tn Tri'.v 



The Sacramento Bee 
Sacramento, California 
February 21, 19 61 



February 12, 1861: 



Nation's Future Rode With 
Lincoln To White House 



By Tom Henshaw 

AP nswsleatuies writer 

The special train, a closed 
iittle world of its people and 
thoughts, labored across thei 
flat Indiana landscape, its 



Burden Was Great 

The anniversary' of 
Abraham Lincoln's birth- 
day has a special signifi- 
cance for Americans this 
year. A century ago, at 
52, he was about to as- 
sume a responsibility he 
saw far more clearly 
than others. Here is a 
picture of the quiet anni- 
versary which passed al- 
most unnoticed as Lin- 
coln prepared to shoulder 
a burden greater than 
any president before him. 



high, flat topped stack trail- 
ing smoke that whisped away 
in its wake. 

The little towns of mid 
America passed by with their 
little red stations where peo- 
ple waved. 

The lanky man sat jack- 
knifed in a plush chair, a 
month or so of new grown 
beard shadowing his homely 
face. He scribbled notes, per- 
haps, or exchanged a dry joke 
with his companions, or lost 
himself in thought. 

In the baggage car of the 
train, trunks and chests of 
personal belongings packed 
by the man himself, were 
stacked high, each bearing the 
destination label, written by 
the man himself: 

"A. Lincoln, the White 
House, Washington, DC." 



War Was Near 

This was Abraham Lincoln 
on his 52nd birthday anni- 
versary, February 12, 1861, a 
scant three weeks from be- 
coming president of a dis- 
integrating nation on the 
threshold of a bloody civil 
war. 

A day's travel behind him 
lay ms beloved Springfield 
where, on the previous morn- 
ing, he had stood in the cold, 
drizzling rain and bade a 
solemn, prayerful farewell to 
his friends of a lifetime: 

"No one, not in my situa- 
tion, can appreciate my feel- 
ling of sadness at this parting. 
jTo this place, and the kind- 
ness of these people, I owe 
everything. 

"Here I have lived a quar- 
ter of a century, and have 
passed from a young to an old 
man. Here my children have 
been born, and one is buried. 
"I now leave, not knowing 
when, or whether ever, I .may 
return, with a task before me 
greater than that which rested 
upon Washington. 

"Without the assistance of 
} that divine being, who at- 
tended him, I cannot succeed. 
With that assistance I cannot 
fail. 

"Trusting in him, who can 
| go with me, and remain with 
you and be everywhere for 
good, let us confidently hope 
that all will yet be well. 

"To his care commending 
you, as I hope in your prayers 
you will commend me, I bid 
you an affectionate farewell." 
The train rolled on into an 
uncertain future. 



Buchanan Wanted Out 

In Washington, futile old 
President James Buchanan, 
surrounded by intrigue and 
treason, wrung his hands and 
waited, like a gasping relay 
runner hanging on until his 
successor could take the ba- 
ton from his grasp. 

Seven states already had 
broken from the Union. Four 
others were on the verge. Was 
it possible with words and 
deeds to reunite the nation — 
on terms of honor? 

Already the first shots had 
been fired in anger, from a 
South Carolina battery on a 
ship, the Star of. the West, 
carrying supplies to belea- 
gured Ft. Sumter. Could civil 
war be averted — again on 
terms of honor? 

The train rolled on. 

Aboard, carefully shielded 
from outside eyes, were 20 
! copies of the inaugurai ad- 
| dress to be delivered March 

4th, its words containing the 
last hopes of preserving the 
Union. 

At once, Lincoln hoped they 
would and knew they would 
not. 

There was the promise: 

"I have no purpose directly 
or indirectly to interfere with 
the institution of slavery in 
the states where it exists." 

There was the firm purpose: 

"Physically speaking, we 
cannot separate. No state, 
upon its own mere action, can 
lawfully get out of the Union. 

And there was the plea and 
the hopes: 

"We are not enemies, but 
friends. We must not be en- 
emies. 



"The mystic chords of mem- 
ory, stretching from every 
battlefield, and patriot grave, 
to every living heart and 
hearthstone, all over this 
broad land, will yet swell the 
chorus of union, when again 
touched, as surely they will 
be, by the better angels of 
our nature." 

Dark Future 

The train rolled on and, per- 
haps, as Lincoln sat deep in 
thought, he recalled the part- 
ing words of two days before 
to his old law partner and 
friend, William H. Herndon: 

"I am sick of office holding 
already and I shudder when I 
think of the tasks that are 
still ahead." 



Post & Times Star 
Cincinnati, Ohio 
2-12-64 



CINCINNATUS 

About Mr. Lincoln in Cincinnati 




BY ALFRED SEGAL 
YES, THIS IS THE DATE Abraham 
Lincoln came into the world . . . Feb. 12, 
1809, 155 years ago, and this column is 
recalling the day when he came through 
Cincinnati on the way to 
being inaugurated Presi- 
dent of the U. S. He 
stopped here at the Bur- 
net House overnight on 
his way to Washington. 
The date of this, Feb. 12, 
1861 ... his 52d birth- 
day. 

There was a parade 
here to lead him down- 
town, but of the event of 
that day which Cincinnatus applauds most 
is the kiss Mr. Lincoln gave a little girl 
on Vine street. History reports: "The 
little girl handed Mr. Lincoln a flower, in 
return for which he gave the child a kiss." 
Oh, it's exactly 103 years since this 
occurred on Vine street, and, though, 
there's much more of Abe Lincoln's life, 
Cincinnatus applauds him for pausing on 
Vine street to kiss a little girl who was 
presenting him with a flower ... on his 
way to becoming President of the U. S. 
The crowd which had gathered in 
front of the Burnet House summoned 
him to the balcony. He repeated what 
he had been saying against slavery in the 
U. S., and then retired to his bed. 

ABOUT BEING COLORED. . . . Cin- 
cinnatus hears about this from one who 
signs herself "An American Who believes 
in Patriotism." She's speaking up about 
yesterday when there was a boycott of 
public schools on account of color. 

Oh, yes, she's asking, what's all this 
disturbance against our public schools on 
the matter of color of faces. She herself 
remembers her days at Rothenberg Pub- 
lic School where there was no prejudice 
against kids of darker color. ... "I had 
colored children in my classes in the 
sixth grade. One of my classmates was 
a colored girl named Yvonne, and there 
was many a day when I walked to school 
with Yvonne and her sister ... we simply 
felt that we were Americans and sisters 
in God's eyes." 

Yes, and Cincinnatus himself feels 
the same about the different colors of 
our skins ... the lighter and the darker 
ones. He couldn't go along with yester- 
day's protest of the darker ones. He 
applauds our councilman Ted Berry who 
went along toward happier understanding 
between all of us . . . black or white. 

AND MORE ABOUT THE SAME. . . . 

Yes, Mrs. Mable C. Goebel of 1702 Central 
Parkway is writing to Cincinnatus on the 
same subject as above. . . . "My grandson 
goes to Webster School on Findlay street 
and I see Negro teachers there, and the 
children of different colors do not show 
hatred toward each other. All get along; 
they play together, walk home together. 



And they're not only together in school 
but also here in this neighborhood. All 
the Negro children at Heberle and Web- 
ster schools get the same break as the 
white ones." 

Well, Cincinnatus himself keeps on 
remembering the days long, long, long 
ago when he attended the Raschig School, 
then called the 10th District, and also 
the Eighth District School on West Eighth 
street, now torn down; and the First Inter- 
mediate on Baymiller. Negro boys and 
girls sat with him in all the classes, and 
he understood no difference on account of 
color; nor did any of us other white ones 
in the school. We ate lunch with them 
at recess time. (And all this causes Cin- 
cinnatus to applaud our Negro council- 
man, Mr. Berry, who didn't go along with 
yesterday's boycott of our public schools.) 

WE HEAR FROM LONGVIEW. . . . 

Yes, from Longview Hospital where pa- 
tients are supposed to be afflicted with 
sick minds. But here on Cincinnatus' 
desk is the monthly magazine which the 
patients themselves write and publish. 

Yes, this page in the magazine written 
by a lady whose first name is Virginia. 
It's all about God to Whom in her illness 
she keeps looking gratefully. She is 
quoting Scripture: "Walk in love, as 
Christ also hath loved us. And God hath 
loved us even when we are dead in sins. 
. . . Whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth." 

And Cincinnatus' own mind goes along 
with Virginia's which is supposed to be 
sickly in the hospital but which is speak- 
ing more wisely than a lot of the other 
minds in the world which are supposed to 
be in high health. 

Cincinnatus' own poor head feels re- 
freshed by Virginia's wisdom. 

YES, WE SPEAK UP ALSO Louis 

E. McCabe of 4237 Deepwood lane is 
speaking up to Cincinnatus about being 
fair-minded in those matters of religion. 
And Cincinnatus himself . . . not Cath- 
olic . . . goes along with him on the idea 
that needy kids in parochial schools are 
as much entitled to public service as our 
kids in the public schools. 

Mr. McCabe is telling Cincinnatus: 
"You are the dean of columnists and have 
seen much prejudice and misunderstand- 
ing during your long and useful life as 
newspaperman. Most surely you will add 
your respected voice to those of us who 
believe that all needy kids should be 
treated alike. Poverty knows no religious 
barriers and neither should charity." 

Yes, Cincinnatus goes along with Mr. 
McCabe on the ideal that all peoples, no 
matter of what religion, sheuld be pub- 
licly served. Even though they attend 
another church than Cincinnatus, they 
speak to the same God, as His children. 
Cincinnatus himself knows no differences 
at all of religions, and worshipfully looks 
up to all the churches which he passes. 



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By WHITNEY SHOEMAKER 

Associated Press Writer 

Washington, Feb. 23.— One 
hundred years ago today, at 
6 o'clock in the morning, 
President-elect Abraham Lin- 
coln stole into Washington. 

No bands played. No crowds 
surged against police lines. 
Indeed, there was no sem- 
blance to the tumultuous recep- 
tions to which Presidents-elect 
were then and are now accus- 
tomed. No one, almost, was 
there to greet him. 

Lincoln, nine days before 
his inauguration, had not 
wanted to enter the city of 
his political destiny in stealth. 
Friends, however, feared for 
his life. They were terrified 
by reports that rebel-sympa- 
thizers in Baltimore were 
plotting to assassinate him. 

Lincoln lived through it, all 
right. He lived to rue it. There 
really had been nothing to 
fear, his enemies said. 

Critics Had A Ball 

A reporter wired his news- 
paper that' Lincoln slipped 
into Washington wearing "a 
scotch plaid cap and a very 
long military cloak, so that 
he was entirely unrecogniz- 
able." Historians insist this 
just wasn't so. Lincoln did 
acknowledge donning a soft 
wool hat on his journey to 
Washington, but said it was 
a gift from a friend in New 
York. 

Lincoln's critics were elated. 
Cartoons depicted "The 
Flight of Abraham." Lincoln 
was ridiculed as a coward who 
would stoop to disguise him- 
self in woman's clothes. 

Those were perilous times. 
There was no Secret Service 
as we know it today. Confed- 
erate troops drilled on a coun- 
tryside overlooking a capital 
secured only by the local mili- 
tia and' a handful of regulars. 
Maryland, through which Lin- 
coln would travel, was alive 
with men who pictured Lincoln 
as a demon. Gov. Thomas H. 
Hicks advocated union of all 
the states and had been threat- 
ened for his beliefs. Baltimore 
Police Marshal George P. Kane 
was an open secessionist. Only 
a few weeks earlier he had I 
scoffed at rumors that assas- 1 
sins were aiming a knife at Lin- 
coln. A lie, Kane said, con- 
cocted by barroom rowdies. 

Warning From Sleuths 

This was 1861, a year of 
tension almost unbelievable in 
1961. 

Lincoln set out from his 
home in Springfield, 111., on 
February 11. En route to 
Washington he. met the people, 
talked with political leaders— 
in essence, cultivated support 
for his Administration. He 
made '20 speeches, conferred 
with five governors. In some 
places he was greeted with 
pandemonium, in others with 
elaborate' 1 but tepid courtesy. 



In Philadelphia, on February 
21, he' was greeted with a 
warning. 

Allan Pinkerton, the detec- 
tive, said he and his men had 
uncovered what "beyond the 
shadow of a doubt" was an 
assassination plot. Among the 
instigators, he informed Lin- 
coln, was a barber named 
Fernandina and another man 
named Hill. Fernandina and 
Hill liked their liquor, Pinker- 
ton said, but decidedly did 
not like Lincoln. 

"I am here to help in out- 
witting the assassins," Pinker- 
ton announced. 

Frederick W. Seward, son 
of the senator who would be- 
come Lincoln's secretary of 
state, arrived that night from 
Washington with a similar 
report. He urged Lincoln to 
cancel dates in Philadelphia 
and Harrisburg the next day 
and head immediately for 
Washington, without notice. So 

did railroad executives Norman 
P. Judd and Samuel M. Felton. 

Lincoln refused. On Febru- 
ary 22 he raised the flag at In- 
dependence Hall, went to Har- 
risburg, made two speeches, at- 
tended a reception and hotel 
banquet. T h e r e he finally 
yielded to Judd and Felton, 
but reluctantly. 

"What would the nation 

think of its President stealing 
into its capital like a thief 
in the night?" he asked. 

The night ride began in a 
one-car train. Ward Hill La- 
mon, with whom Lincoln once 
practiced law in Illinois, was 
the President-elect's only com- 
panion. Lamon carried two pis- 
tols, two derringers and two 
large knives. The train was 

blacked out. Harrisburg was 
cut off from the world. Tele- 
graph wires had been discon- 
nected. 

Pinkerton directed a cloak 
and dagger melodrama in Phil- 
adelphia. He whisked Lincoln 
and Lamon by carriage from 
one depot to another. A 
woman detective had reserved 
berths in the rear car of the 



New York-Washington train, 
one for her "invalid brother." 
Lincoln was the "brother." 

Pinkerton did not realize 
that another passenger on the 
car packed a revolver. This 
was John A. Kennedy, New 
York police superintendent, 
who likewise did not realize! 
the company he was in. Kenne; : 
dy was on his way to WasK- 

ington to make sure Lincoln 
would be carefully guarded 
through Maryland the next 
day. 

At 3:30 a.m. the train pulled 
into Baltimore. During a lay- 
over of more than an hour, 
a drunk reeled and sang 
"Dixie" on the platform. There 
was no incident, no sign of 
Fernandina. 

At 6 a.m. the train reached 
Washington. A stranger to 
Lamon strode up to Lincoln 
and said, "You can't play that 
on me." Lamon swung into 
action but was checked by Lin- 
coln, who recognized the man 
as Representative Elihu Wash- 
hurne of Illinois. Washburne 
was a one-man reception com- 
mittee, suggested by Senator 
Seward. 

Later that day the presiden- 
tial special from Harrisburg 
arrived as scheduled in Balti- 
more. It was met with thunder- 
ous yells — for Jeff Davis and 
the Confederacy- — and boos for 
the man who wasn't there. 

Lincoln had been spirited 
into Washington. 4 



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How Lincoln Arrived for His Inauguration 



By GILBERT F. DODDS 

When Lincoln arrived in 
Washington for his inaugura- 
tion, on an unexpected night 
trip, Feb. 23, 1861, Elihu B. 
Washburn e, congressman 
from Illinois, and personal 
and political friend of Lin- 
coln, was the sole person to 
greet him. 

At that time Allan Pinker- 
ton, employed by the Phila- 
delphia, Wilmington & Balti- 



more Railroad, learned of an 
intended attempt on Lincoln's 
life, to be made as he passed 
through Baltimore on the way 
to the inauguration. 

WITH SEVERAL OF Lin- 
coln's advisers, one of whom 
was Congressman Washburne, 
Pinkerton worked out plans 
for the President's unex- 
pected night trip ahead of 
scheduled. 

• Washburne, knowing what 
time the train would arrive, 



hired a carriage, met the 
train and took Lincoln to the 
Williard Hotel, 14th St. and 
Pennsylvania Ave. 

MRS. LINCOLN and other 
members of the family had 
been left at Harrisburg, Pa., 
and the first thing the Presi- 
dent-elect did, after reaching 
the hotel, was to send Mrs. 
Lincoln a telegram informing 
her of his safe arrival. 

In April, 1861, Lincoln in- 
vited Pinkerton to a confer- 



ence on the subject of a sec- 
ret service department, but 
no action was taken. 

A few weeks later, at the 
invitation of Gen. George B. 
McClelland, a close friend 
and former client, Pinkerton 
agreed to organize and con- 
duct a secret service for the 
Ohio Department which Mc- 
Clelland commanded. 

DURING THE war Pinker- 
ton went under the name of 
Ma]. E. J. Allen, and many 

officers wno knew him wen 
did not suspect his real iden- 
tity. 

Lincoln and his party were 
guests of Gov. William Den- 
nison here in Columbus at 
the governor's mansion on 
the night of Feb. 13, but left 
by train early on the morning 
of Feb. 14, 1861. 

Thus he was 10 days in 
reaching Washington from 
Columbus. 



Lincoln Lo,_; 
April, 1065 




The Day Lincoln sneaked 
into Washington, D.C. 



Historically, the President's journey to 
Washington for his inauguration was 
even more momentous than it is today. 
The pre-inaugural journey was the 
great opportunity for the people to see 
the President-elect in person. For 
many, it would be the only opportunity 
they would ever have. In those pre- 
television days, the journey was an 
enthusiastic and fun-filled traveling 
celebration that lasted a week or more. 

But Abraham Lincoln's arrival in 
Washington for his first inauguration 
in 1861 was quite the opposite. He 
literally sneaked into the city that was 
to become his official residence and 
the center of his life. His forceful, 
courageous and highly dramatic ad- 
ministration began on a note of fear 
that was later a subject of unfair ridi- 
cule in the newspapers of the time. 

Lincoln had said his last farewells 
to good friends and neighbors in 
Springfield, Illinois. He was now en- 
route on a twelve-day train trip to 
Washington, presenting himself to the 
people at many stops along the way. 
At every stop, happy crowds cheered 
the new President, and Lincoln 
thoroughly enjoyed himself joking and 
chatting with the crowds. 

Finally, only three cities remained 
of the tour: Philadelphia, Harrisburg, 
and Baltimore. Lincoln was resting in 
his Philadelphia hotel room when an 
urgent knock at the door aroused him. 
Outside were S. M. Felton, president of 
the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Balti- 
more Railroad, and the famous private 
detective agency head, Allan Pinker- 



ton. Both men disclosed, in worried 
tones, details of a Confederate plot to 
assassinate Mr. Lincoln as he passed 
through Baltimore. Pmkerton had even 
posed as a Confederate sympathizer in 
order to get firsthand the exact plan of 
the attempted assassination. 

Although there was no corroboration 
of the story, it seemed plausible 
enough. Several Southern states had 
already seceded from the Union. The 
rabid secessionists considered Lin- 
coln their greatest threat. And Balti- 
more was a likely place for such a 
conspiracy to exist. Its highest offi- 
cials, including the Chief of Police, 
were open supporters of the Confed- 
eracy. It was the only city on Lincoln's 
tour which had planned no official 
welcome. 

Lincoln was urged to by-pass Balti- 
more. He did so with extreme reluc- 
tance, realizing that if the plot were a 
fake, he would be ridiculed as a cow- 
ard. However, he reasoned that the 
risk of ridicule was better than the 
risk of assassination and the ensuing 
chaos which, he knew, would tear the 
country apart. 

Pinkerton planned the "escape" 
from the assassins. The official train 
would go to Baltimore as scheduled. 
While its departure plans were publi- 
cized, a man showed up at the station 
ticket office to purchase two tickets for 
a woman and her invalid brother on the 
regular train to Washington. When the 
train arrived at the Philadelphia sta- 
tion, the obtrusively tall figure of 
Lincoln, "disguised" in a shawl which 
partially covered the face and wearing 
a soft felt hat, was hustled quietly and 
quickly aboard. 

Traveling in the car with him were 
Pinkerton and Ward Lamon, an Illinois 
lawyer friend, who was armed with two 
pistols, two derringers and two knives. 

At six o'clock in the morning, the 
President stepped off the train in 
Washington to be met by Congressman 
Elihu Washburne, who had been in- 
formed by Seward of his arrival. 

Were assassins waiting in Balti- 
more? We will probably never know. 
We do know, however, that the figure 
of Lincoln going among the people of 
his beloved union was a powerful ex- 
ample of courage and principle . . . and 
to his enemies, a great frustration. 




tncoln 



ore 



Bulletin of The Lincoln National Life Foundation . . . Dr. R. Gerald MeMurtry, Editor 
Published each month by The Lincoln [National Life Insurance Company, Fort Wayne, Indiana 



Number 1578 



Fort Wayne, Indiana 



August, 1969 



Places, Villages, Towns and Cities 
Where Lincoln Lived And Visited 



In his day, Abraham Lincoln was a 
widely traveled man. He journeyed as 
far north as Milwaukee, as far south 
as New Orleans, as far west as Coun- 
cil Bluffs and as far east as Boston. 

He made two extensive trips into 
New England in 1848 and 1860. Dur- 
ing the first trip he campaigned for 
the Whig party and Zachary Taylor, 
and the second trip was in the interest 
of his candidacy for the presidential 
nomination and the Republican Party. 

Lincoln took only one real vacation 
in his entire life when, accompanied 
by Mrs. Lincoln, he went to Niagara 
Falls, New York. On July 24, 1857 
they were registered at the Cataract 
House, and while there the future 
President may have stepped on Cana- 
dian soil. 

Mrs. Lincoln in a letter to Emily 
Todd Helm, dated September 20, 1857, 
alluded to this eastern trip as fol- 
lows: "The summer has so strangely 
and rapidly passed away. Some por- 
tion of it was spent most pleasantly 
in traveling East," Mary Lincoln con- 
tinued: "I often laugh & tell Mr. 
Lincoln that I am determined my next 
husband shall be rich." The editors of 
Lincoln Day By Day commented, "This 
throws light on Lincoln's mysterious 
eastern trip, suggesting pleasure tour 
taken on strength of large fee 
($4,800.) won from Illinois Central." 

During Lincoln's lifetime he visited 
twenty states and the District of 
Columbia. As would be expected, he 
was most familiar with the State of 
Illinois. He literally crisscrossed it 
from one end to the other, and he 
visited some towns and cities so often 
that no effort has been made in this 
compilation to enumerate the number 
of his visits. Only the date of the first 
visit is recorded. 

Lincoln must have been a good 
traveler, using the primitive facilities 
of stage coaches, railway trains and 
steamboats, to say nothing of boy- 
hood travel by foot, horse and ox- 
cart. 

Certainly his two flat-boat trips to 
New Orleans must have been exciting 
and filled with adventure. Riding the 
Illinois circuit with congenial judges 
and lawyers from one Court House 
town to another was likely the hap- 
piest experience of his life. Speaking 
tours were probably enjoyed except 
for meeting schedules, and grappling 
with the issues of the day before 



critical audiences. To be sure, the 
seven debates with Stephen A. Doug- 
las and the ensuing senatorial cam- 
paign was no picnic. 

The inaugural tour of 1861 was one 
of anxiety and tension ending with 
threats of assassination. As President, 
Lincoln visited his generals on several 
occasions, utilizing water transporta- 
tion which must have afforded some 
pleasure; and he visited General Win- 
field Scott at West Point, New York, 



Time travels in divers paces with 
divers persons. I'll tell you who 
Time ambles withal, who Time 
trots withal, who Time gallops 
withal, and who he stands still 
withal. 



Shakespeare 



-As You Like It 
Line 328 



TOVTH of N£W SA\EM 

MADE fr Yf.H.HEMOOH 




From the Lincoln National Life Foundation 

Lincoln resided in the village of New 
Salem, Illinois, from July, 1831 until 
April 15, 1837. 



traveled to the battlefields of An- 
tietam and Gettysburg and finally 
paid a visit to Richmond, Virginia, 
near the end of the Civil War. 

It is difficult to learn of the many 
places Lincoln visited with his father 
on their migrations westward, and the 
towns and cities where he may have 
stopped along the Mississippi River 
when he made his flat-boat trips to 
New Orleans, and the communities he 
saw or visited during the Black Hawk 
War. Then, too, as a deputy surveyor 
he would often travel a hundred miles 
away from home to survey a plat of 
land or lay out a town. 

In the Campaign of 1856, Lincoln is 
reported to have said that he made 
over fifty speeches and his speaking 
itinerary for that year has never been 
thoroughly defined. 

Some of the towns and communities 
that Lincoln visited have completely 
disappeared while other towns and 
communities in the areas he traveled 
have developed into important places 
after he was there. 

In 1860, when Lincoln was elected 
to the Presidency there were thirty- 
four states in the Union. Dr. Louis 
A. Warren has pointed out in Lin- 
coln Lore No. 248, January 8, 1934, 
"Places Lincoln Visited," that "The 
population of the United States in 
1860 was 26,706,425," and the states 
visited by Lincoln contained about 
two-thirds of the total number of 
persons listed in the census. 

Some of the places listed in this 
compilation have little importance 
(some may not even be in existence), 
and in several instances probably 
should not have been included. For 
example, Sinking Spring farm 1809, 
Knob Creek farm 1811, Hurricane 
Township farm 1816, have been in- 
cluded because Lincoln lived at these 
places until the age of 21. Then, too, 
Lincoln spoke in groves, at cross 
roads, at farms and at township 
corners which were important geo- 
graphical locations in his day, but 
which have little significance today. 
However, these places have been in- 
cluded in this compilation in order to 
make it as complete as possible. 

It has been a difficult task to com- 
pile the places, villages, towns and 
cities where Lincoln lived and visited. 



LINCOLN LORE 




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From the Lincoln National Life Foundation 

The First Printed Map of Springfield, Illinois. From E. H. 
Hall's Springfield City Directory and Sangamon County Ad- 
vertiser for 1855-56. 



The Lincoln Day By Day — A Chron- 
ology 1809-1865 has been the chief 
tool in this undertaking; however, 
other sources have been utilized when 
considered necessary. 

Of course, the compilation is in- 
complete, and except for glaring omis- 
sions (which would prove embarrass- 
ing) the editor is eager to learn of 
other places where Lincoln visited. 

R. G. M. 

Connecticut 

Bridgeport, 1860 
Hartford, 1860 
Meriden, 1860 
New Haven, 1860 
New London, 1860 
Norwich, 1860 

Delaware 
Wilmington, 1848, 1864 
Illinois 
Albany, 1836 
Albion, 1840 
Allenton, 1836 
Alton, 1840 
Amboy, 1858 
Anna, 1858 
Athens, 1834 
Atlanta, 1856 
Augusta, 1858 

Bartell's on Sugar Creek, 1838 
Bath, 1836 
Beardstown, 1832 
Belleville, 1840 
Bement, 1858 
Berlin (Old Berlin), 1838 
Blandinsville, 1858 
Bloomington, 1838 
Buffalo Grove, 1832 
Camden (Postville), 1846 
Campbell Farm, 1836 
Canton, 1858 
Carlinville, 1840 
Carmi, 1840 
Carrollton, 1854 



Carthage, 1839 
Casey, 1840 
Centralia, 1858 
Champaign (See Urbana) 
Charleston, 1841 
Chicago, 1847 
Chipps, 1830 
Clinton, 1839 
Colburn's Mill, 1838 
Cotton Hill, 1836 
Clary's Grove, 1834 
Dallas City, 1858 
Danville, 1840 
Decatur, 1830 
Delavan, 1846 
Dixon, 1832 
Edwardsville, 1858 



El Paso, 1858 

Equalitv, 1840 

Evanston, 1860 

Fountain Green, 1858 

Freeport, 1858 

Galena, 1832 

Galesburg, 1858 

Grand View, 1856 

Greenup, 1847 

Greenville, 1858 

Hanover, 1843 

Havana, 1832 

Hennepin, 1846 

Henry, 1846 

Highland, 1858 

Hillsboro, 1843 

Huron, 1836 

Hutsonville, 1830 

Jacksonville, 1838 

Jamestown (Riverton), 1831 

Joliet, 1856 

Jonesboro, 1858 

Kellogg's Grove, 1832 

Kewanee, 1858 

Knoxville, 1858 

Lacon, 1846 

La Harpe, 1858 

Langston's Settlement, 1847 

La Salle, 1854 

Lawrenceville, 1830 

Lincoln, 1853 

Lovington, 1830 

Lewiston, 1858 

Mackinaw, 1846 

Macomb, 1858 

Macon County Farm, 1830-1831 

Magnolia, 1848 

Marshall, 1840 

Martinsville, 1830 

Mattoon, 1858 

Mechanicsburg, 1836 

Melrose, 1830 

Meredosia, 1858 

Metamora, 1844 

Middle Lick Creek, 1847 

Monmouth, 1834 

Monroe City, 1830 

Monticello, 1850 

Morris, 1858 

Mount Carmel, 1840 

Mount Pulaski, 1849 

Mount Sterling, 1858 

Mount Vernon, 1840 

Naples, 1854 




From the Lincoln National Life Foundation 
Chicago, Illinois, (Circa 1860), Published by Charles Magnus & Co. 



LINCOLN LORE 



Nelson, 1830 

New Boston, 1834 

New Salem, 1831-1837 

Oakford. 1836 

Olney, 1856 

Oquawka Junction (Gladstone), 1858 

Oregon, 1856 

Oregon City, 1856 

Ottawa, 1832 

Palestine, 1830 

Pappsville, 1832 

Paradise, 1830 

Paris, 1842 

Pekin, 1832 

Peoria, 1832 

Peru, 1847 

Petersburg, 1830 

Pittsfield, 1839 

Polk Patch (Selvin), 1830 

Polo, 1856 

Pontiac, 1840 

Portland, 1832 

Postville, (See Camden) 

Princeton, 1856 

Prophetstown, 1832 

Quincy, 1854 

Richland, 1832 

Rochester, 1842 

Rock Island, 1854 

Rushville, 1832 

Salem, 1840 

Salisbury, 1836 

Sangamo Town, 1831 

Shawneetown, 1840 

Shelbyville, 1840 

Spear's Farm, 1836 

Springfield, 1832, 1837-1861 

Sterling, 1856 

Sugar Creek Meeting House, 1844 

Sullivan, 1847 

Taylorville, 1841 

Tolono, 1861 

Toulon, 1858 

Tremont, 1838 

Urbana, 1841 

Vandalia, 1834 

Varsell's on Sugar Creek, 1836 

Vermont, 1858 

Versailles, 1843 

Virginia, 1844 

Wapella, 1858 

Washington, 1848 

Waterloo, 1840 

Water's Camp Ground, 1838 

Waukegan, 1860 

West Union, 1830 

Willow Ford, 1830 



■ ■ ■ ■ 



81IS!§Ij%4K- ■■■■ 




From, the Lincoln National Life Foundation 
Louisville, Kentucky, (Circa 1854), Published by Charles Magnus & Co. 



Kansas 
Atchinson, 1859 
Doniphan, 1859 
Elwood, 1859 
Leavenworth, 1859 
Troy, 1859 

Kentucky 
Big Spring, 1816 
Elizabethtown, 1816 
Frankfort, 1847 
Hardinsburg, 1816 
Hodgen's Mill, 1811 
Knob Creek Farm, 1811-1816 
Lexington, 1841, 1847, 1849 
Louisville, 1841 
Morganfield, 1840 
Roanoke, 1816 

Sinking Spring Farm, 1809-1811 
Vine Grove, 1816 

Louisiana 
New Orleans, 1828, 1831 

Maryland 
Annapolis, 1865 
Antietam Battleground, 1862 
Bakerville, 1862 

Baltimore, 1848, 1861, 1863, 1864 
Frederick, 1862 
Indian Head, 1863 
Maryland Heights, 1862 
Point Lookout, 1863 
Relay Station, 1847 
Rockville, 1848 
Seneca, 1848 
Sharpsburg, 1862 

Massachusetts 
Boston, 1848, 1860 
Cambridge, 1848 
Chelsea, 1848 
Concord, 1860 
Dedham, 1848 
Dorchester, 1848 
Lowell, 1848 
New Bedford, 1848 
Taunton, 1848 
Worcester, 1848 

Michigan 

From the Lincoln National Life Foundation Detroit, 1848 
Lexington, Kentucky, (Circa 1855), From Gleason's Pictorial Drawing-Room Kalamazoo, 1856 
Companion. Missouri 

Hannibal, 1859 



Winchester, 1854 
Yellow Banks, 1832 

Indiana 
Bruceville, 1844 
Carlin Township, 1844 
Evansville, 1844 
Fort Wayne, 1860 
Gentryville, 1829, 1844 
Greensburg, 1861 

Hurricane Township Farm, 1816-1830 
Indianapolis, 1849, 1859, 1861 
Lafayette, 1861 
Lawrenceburg, 1861 
Lebanon, 1861 
Michigan City, 1855 
Morris, 1861 
Rockport, 1828, 1844 
Shelbvville, 1861 
State Line, 1848, 1861 
Terre Haute, 1849 
Thorntown, 1861 
Vincennes, 1830, 1844 
Washington, 1844 

Iowa 
Burlington, 1858 
Council Bluffs, 1859 







LINCOLN LORE 




From 
Washington, D.C. and Vicinity, 

Saint Joseph, 1859 

Saint Louis, 1831, 1841, 1847, 1849 

New Hampshire 
Dover, 1860 
Exeter, 1860 
Manchester, 1860 

New Jersey 
Elizabeth, 1861 
Jersey City, 1861 
Newark, 1861 
New Brunswick, 1861 
Trenton, 1861 

New York 
Albany, 1848, 1861 
Amsterdam, 1861 
Batavia, 1861 
Brooklyn, 1860 
Buffalo, 1848, 1861 
Clyde, 1861 
Dunkirk, 1861 
Fishkill, 1861 
Fonda, 1861 
Garrison, 1862 
Hudson, 1861 
Little Falls, 1861 

New York, 1848, 1857, 1860, 1861, 1862 
Niagara Falls, 1848, 1857 
Peekskill, 1861 
Poughkeepsee, 1861 
Rhinebeck, 1861 
Rochester, 1861 
Schenectady, 1861 
Silver Creek, 1861 
Syracuse, 1861 
Troy, 1861 
Utica, 1861 
Westfield, 1861 
West Point, 1862 

Ohio 
Alliance, 1861 
Ashtabula, 1861 
Bayard, 1861 
Cadiz Junction, 1861 
Cincinnati, 1855, 1859, 1861 
Clifton, 1855 
Columbus, 1859, 1861 
Conneaut, 1861 
Corwin, 1861 
Coshocton, 1861 
Cleveland ,1861 
Dayton, 1859 



the Lincoln National Life Foundation 
Published 1862 by Virtue & Co. 

Dresden, 1861 

Frazeysburg, 1861 

Geneva, 1861 

Hamilton, 1859 

Hudson, 1861 

London, 1861 

Loveland, 1861 

Madison, 1861 

Miamiville, 1861 

Milford, 1861 

Morrow, 1861 

Mount Auburn, 1855 

Newark, 1861 

Newcomerstown, 1861 

Painesville, 1861 

Ravenna, 1861 

Salineville, 1861 

Spring Grove Cemetery, 1855 

Steubenville, 1861 

Toledo, 1860 

Uhrichsville, 1861 

Walnut Hills, 1855 

Wellsville, 1861 



Willoughby, 1861 
Xenia, 1861 

Pennsylvania 
Allegheny City, 1861 
Bristol, 1861 
Erie, 1861 
Gettysburg, 1863 
Girard, 1861 
Hanover Junction, 1863 
Harrisburg, 1861 
Lancaster, 1861 
Leaman Place, 1861 
Northeast, 1861 

Philadelphia, 1848, 1860, 1861, 1864 
Pittsburgh, 1861 
Rochester, 1861 

Rhode Island 
Providence, 1860 
Woonsocket, 1860 

Virginia 
Aiken's Landing, 1865 
Alexandria, 1862 
Aquia Creek, 1862, 1863 
Belle Plain, 1862 
Bermuda Hundred, 1864 
Bolivar Heights, 1862 
Camp Hamilton, 1862 
City Point, 1864, 1865 
Falmouth, 1863 
Fort Darling, 1864 
Fortress Monroe, 1862, 1864, 1865 
Fort Wool, 1862 
Fredericksburg, 1862 
Hampton, Virginia, 1862 
Hampton Roads, 1865 
Harper's Ferry, 1847, 1862 
Harrison's Landing, 1862 
Loudoun Heights, 1862 
Mount Vernon, 1862 
Norfolk, 1862, 1864 
Patrick Station, 1865 
Petersburg, 1865 
Richmond, 1865 
Winchester, 1847 

Washington ,D. C. 
Washington, D.C, 1847, 1848, 1849, 
1861-1865 

Wisconsin 
Beloit, 1832, 1859 
Janesville, 1859 
Milwaukee, 1848, 1859 
Whitewater, 1832 




From the Lincoln National Life Foundation 
Alexandria, Virginia, Published 1863 by Charles Magnus. 



210 S. West St. 
Thorntown, IN 46071 
September 30, 1988 

Ruth E. Cook 

Assistant to the Director 

Lincoln Library and Museum 

P. 0. Box 1110 

Fort Wayne, IN 46801 

Dear Mrs. Cook: 

Thank you for the Lincoln materials, especially the "Remarks 
at Thorntown and Lebanon, Indiana, February 11, 1861." 

Enclosed are portions of pages 1 and 3 of The Boone County 
Pioneer , February 22, 1861. The article under consideration 
is the third item in column 2 on page 3. A volunteer at the 
Lebanon, Indiana, library said that the Pioneer was printed 
weekly, on every Friday, I see now. So there may have been 
a less offensive report in the February 15 issue, but, if so, 
it is not on file. 

I consider it such a privilege to share this with such a Lincoln 
authority as you. I just wish I could have found something 
as impressive on the positive side. I believe President Lincoln 
had so much to tell our present generation about the sanctity 
and dignity of life. Keep up your valuable work. Thanks 
again. 



Sincerely yours, 




George Troyer, Pastor 
Thorntown Wesleyan Church 



mM^riM — wui . 



. u.mm*u* *m+riUmai*at € \ » ' ■ " iit u a wn 1 i aa a nawa— ■ m*i— i 



nrn-MOMR 



:ije |0*iif toilo lUdtifur 



I 



MM. 



LOCAL. 



|?y Reading rnatler pn evtry pag$. 



rCBlio, BTBETIHO. 

There will bo i ifroiUtig of the citizeni 
if I*ebfcnoa andi tioinity At tha Ooort* 
Iiouho iti Lebanort, on Sitttrtlny, the 10th 
day of March next, tt half-past nix o'clock 
P. M.m for the purpose of dividing Home 
plan for clef ring out Prairie Greek from 
some poitlt c»«t of Lebanon to the second 
crossing o(»he Lulay pt.te and Indianapolis 
iullrofid tmck, West of nabl town. 

The tirtiUry aj well as the Agricultural 
jnteralitB of the citizen* along the line of 
osiil stream requires that such work 
should bo prosecuted at once. It is 
boped that there will be a fall attend- 
ance. A. J. Boons, 

Feb«uarj 13, 1801. J. C. LAjr«. 



/? £7" Harper's, LcsIiVb, and (Jodey'fl 
Jrlagtigincs, for March, have been received 
at Kino's book store, and oro very mtcr- 
enting, Let every person call and pro- 
euro n copy. Mr. Kisi! has also it full 
assortment of miscellaneous and school 
books, picturoH, pons, foolscap, legal cap, 
letter, note, billet and drafting paper; 
besides an endless stock of blank deeds, 
notes and Justices blanks. Among his 
stock of books nro to bo found Hltuks- 
pcate's poetical jvorks, Dick's works, and 
others equally valuable. Readers, go to 
Rise's and purchaso something to rend. 



Jfcy The editor of the Mau is a very 
funny > man,— "a fallow of infinite jest." 
In fact,, he has a peenlilr wit, the j<>^t of 
ir hi eh is only known |o himself. His 
contour, though 'of a rrjilitary cast, has 
something so provobtngly funny in it, 
• tbat ,tV|0 caa not describe it. His stop, 
thoujjh elastic, smacks of the jester, and 
moro, especially whim going to dinner; 
his eye, though like that of Mars, formed 
to "tnroaten and commend," has a pecu- 
liar tv.lukle in it that will impress tho be- 
holder at once that ho is fond of — 
cider ; and, thongli "bearded like the 
psrd," yet a man would have to bo pos- 
aessod of a forty horse power gravity to 
withstand bis peculiar wit : every word 
he. otters has a deep, bidden meaning in 
it ; every line has a thousand meaning*, 
and his voioo, louud and sonorous, like 

that of aj jay bird, impresses one at 

ence that he is lor "tvar, war to the 
knife !" Bat wo art afraid his is a sad 
kind of wit, somewhat Don CjnJxotUli— 
pronounced Dttnfcy ttotish. If orte will 
look close behind his comio face, they 
will see at once there is something hid- 
dftii, a singular "l'vc-hadnotbingto eat- 
for-pcvetal days" kind of an expression, 
snd Wo never ?eo him that we are not re- 
minded of the ghost of Danqno, and utter 
to ourself, "Shake uot thy gory locks at 
ni"; thou canst not say 1 did it." 

Tub Bam, on WEONr.snXv Week. — 
ii.- ««»Jp.rt T oi. this trav .aBKeivibkso was 
(Crowdod out of ouilftft week's issue. It 
was intended to have been a St. Valen- 
tine's evening ball — that day on which 
the f' atheiod tribe are supposed to cbooso 
their mates— but as Mr. Dodgo was 
posted to appear hero on tho 14tb, our 
yonnp men, with llioit characteristic ge:j- 

titnaitv limt thai* ««*«►•-;.,...„,,( ,\,„ „.,.,„. 



fi®~ Wo learn a man named Lilly, a 
cousin or nephew of Mr. J. 0. L). Lilly, 
was killed at Thorutown, on Saturday, 
lie was coupling tho freight train and 
caught between two of tho cars. Another 
man was run over at Lafayette, on tho 
the same doy. Ho was on tho track, 
watching tho freight ttaitl from the west 
bark in, at the time t.ho passenger train 
from the east was coming in, and stepped 
aside out. of tho way of the freight, not 
thinking (lie passenger train was so close, 
wlen ho was struck by tho latter nw\ 
instantly killed. Wo learn another man 
fell off the wood train, nenr Whitestuwn, 
and was killed. Wo could not ascertain 
their names. 

JtW Tho Indianapolis papers nay that 
Old Aitfi was told on his arrival at the 
station here, that tho people of 'Ihorn- 
town bad followed tho train en foot to 
bear ther conclusion of his anecdote. Mi- 
Lincoln need not be afraid of any such an- 
noyance, as the people of this county 
have seen enough of him. 

MW The Lafayette Courier warm tho 
members' of tho order of I. O. O. F. 
against nn impostor calling liiippolt Wnj. 
H.Moore. Mo sdocderlddi tri gfcflJ'hg' V 7 
fifta the Jtey, Ml, W^iftff |j Wh city, 
and $t() from a farmer nitWrt Moore of 
this county. 

■jfcw* There will be an exhibition Of 
the scholars of Mr. G. W. PieWill, 
teacher of the Lebanon High School, at 
the Court-house, on Friday evening, 
March 1st, commencing at hnlf-pa^t six 
o'clock. 



hiSTltlON TO PHLL lNTOXIUA- 
j. TING L!OJ'UHS. 



STATE OV INI.H vN \. n<X)NE COUNTY: 
To iho ciiioous of Kiiffle Townahlp, Howie 
Counly, fzret;lli>g: Viiu wi'l inlio notice that 
there will be pri.n.-ii'i I lo lie Boftrd Of CouSfy 
OorriiiiissfDiicrs, n t ilicir ■• m h term. mtt.prny 
Inn tli" nruit ot a liei-n r i" J ••-jih T. Mdr."lial 
I'nr i lu< sulo uf intiixirii' im ; liq.'i.ira in Imm <|i|in- 

ijlV LI.UII onv i|.Mrl n ' ' linn:, to llH llfll'ikifl 

pu'l almi't liia liniist". Tiin I oca i Ian >'( llin 
prctnisu.'j in tvi>i-:li l>e ■.. i i :■ -- io sell i.< inn 
iillildiii;; dvviu'iI l> v l 1 ',-' ilrru-« I'rnnslsr, Situ n Ic 
on (ill iiiinitior six l'»lii'i !, l'ii;k muii'i.'-r envoi) r 7J. 
in tie 1'iwn ul '/"in.'\ til.-. I) iniii) county. In- 
dinn.'i. wlicre jou ni.'iy nitenil il vou uiiense, 
n -!-i-ii , remonstrate nc. ,l-i unary .Tint, 18<VJ. 
JOril PUT. i\i \RrfUALU 
C. C. Oii.viw, Au'y, 



B ° 
STA1 



N T I 



TVTOT1CE 



OF I)lS'l(UnFTION,ETC, 



Noiicoin hereliy Riven, Hiatal tho Jinnsiy 
term 1861, ol ilio Court ul •''"iininii I'lcns, of 
Podiip comity, in the Htniooi Indiabti, William 
Mulli'i, Ahci M«)irm,.<iln!wMi>fliit, Msry. JtSicr 
rtVnl Jorhn-i M ii flit t (i'i i in siiil cmi rt tlicfr 
iiciiiinii lor tli*i riliii'f <>ii "i municsin llieli'lntls 
ol Jti".liti'» Molli'l, n« tiin- r.linn ul' Silna Ihigli 
Baker, win) diet] a rniu-u - , without wile or elill- 
dten, leaving said peiiiionnrs Ins hrira nt law; 
(tint iliu os'tato ot snn! deceased wnrd, in the 
linndfl of an id cimnlinn, h ilir -um of fj'3,17'2 70. 
Willi in i crest thereon 'rem Anril SHih, 1 fl'O, 
niul iIkii, pni.l gnnrilinn l« niiihorijunil and di- 
rocliil tn ilinirilmic »*id in'iloln tea id petition. 

cr:i, pro rata, nt ruoi| " with tin' will of 

Jane II liter, itccctiri d. 

Wlicrt'iipon tlio m id emii I ord' nil thnt notice 
he given hy pnbiica lion in ponio nevvapnptr ife- 
tli is county ul the lili'i; and ptodoRcy ol n.-iid 
petition, aiid that the •■■m ■ vill hi; heard nnd 
|irnol token, nnd order ma U lor distribution of 
ssiit t-slali; on th- 3d d i'v ol tins next tone of 
said i.onri which inceta on t ho let Monday in 
May, l-iil. 

Attest, SILAS A. LEK, Clerk. 

A J Ho. ins. Att'v for IV't'iiiiinr". pnigTwj 



E. 



A. 



DMINISTRATORS NOTICE. 



Noticn is hereby civ.oi ilia I the nndH.siqncd 

ha i l his day linn rhily nppoinlml Ailininisiraior 
ill lip- (stale ill Stiliimd liiitijjhlin, Into of 
15m, hic o. unity, lndinia •'■ ■■••a--- .1 . hy tho Clerk 
ol iho t'ouitfl Coin mm i I'li-nnol as id county. 



Said esiKif 

ii.KjMv:! 



it; Biippn 'i :l li 
il 

WILLIAM I 



I tilvciii 

HARRIS, 



In 3 J. a 
Adm'r. 



A 



D.MlN'ISTUATOlt'S BALE. 



Invites tho aiteii 
and surrounding 
Ftock of IVmIi Rc 
ceived. His Ftor- 

M A I N 
foppos 



Oir Now is tho titno to get bargains 
in clothing. Jan. A. Nunn \n Rolling out 

Wit- n/nitar olor-If ar , I'dlllCcd nlicCS lo |IIO- 

pare for tho spring trade. If you want 
to pet an excellent garment cheap now i.t 
your time to get it. Call soon. 

fiW dames Cooinlv has already re- 
ceived garden needs, clover .':eed, and he 
weekly repletiishefl bis stock of groeer- 



Adoiinis.irtor ol thu cioaie ol Ratnucl l.au'ih- 
lln, la Im of llaiinn i;<uui'.y, dootmsieil, will otl'.ir 
|..r pule nt ihc lotr rcMiU nr.- ol nn|d dorpnped, 
in paid (ottotv, On I'lt. DA V , lli-j 2i'l of t.-hrn- 
afy, isr.l , nil the personal property of naid de- 
iCOaHUd hi; taken hy tho wide*, consisting ol 
One co.v, bugay, lot carpenter* tools, and aome 
hoaselioW and kitchen tothiMiro '- ^ 

A credit <>i" nine month* will l»$ rivatt en all 
soma ovwr ttimo dollars, by ootewjih ttpptavcS 
flfrity, walviftjr vnlnafton ana af(|(h^ier me'fil 
la#a. Throe 'lollars and under, cash in hand 
on day of »<i\e, 

janSf.ivS WM. ■' . IIMIR|S, Adm'r. 



A 



DiMlNlSTRATOR'S SALE. 



Notice ia hcteby jjivrn ilmt the undcrsiRnod 
ISxecittof of th* tslnir of Matthew T. Harris. 
Imo ol liooiiH coiiniy, Indiana, deceased, will 
Oder Im- eile. m the Into roi'idcnoo ol «nid de- 
coasL'il, on I'llli'AY, iln* 22.1 day of February, 
Itjijl the personal piope.rty of srirl deceased 
not taken by the widow, coiitdstin^ ol huraea 
oaitle, lii^s, sheep, larmini: uieiiidia a:id oiher 
hi liol. n. 

A credit of nine months will bo cjv«n on all 
mnia ovtr ihlrec dolltiM, by oxaeutinaf tut 1 . 1 wiih 
noorovod fcroriiy, wiiiviO|j val.iati.io and Sip- 

proi-ioini nt laus. ,'. ,| , um ; ,.r iinr-u i\,;i >■■ ., i 

IliviiT, r. uh in hand ai inn; ol stale, 
jan2:.ivj FJKI.UIM! DK.'sNV, Exec'r. 

G. W. BUCKINGHAM 

Attorfiey nt Law, 

Lebanon hxlianu, 
Will promptly ntiiml io ali luirincea entrust- 



where he may I 
exe.elli nt noil v 
posed in part of 
School Rookpi 

Poetical 

R'ank Pocks, 

Memorando 

i 

i -'-' I I 
Arnold's Ink in 

legal 
Lctt--r and Note 

Buff, White 
Notarial and Le 



Cilloli'si calebrat 



I'f.nholil -■r.-' ol ol! 



Lincoln Ejected (Again) - TSTVTimes.com http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/201 1/02/12/lincoln-elected-agai 

j 

Jlje Jfcio Jjork £tnu s 

Opinionator 

FEBRUARY 12, 2011, 7:00 PM 

Lincoln Elected (Again) 

By TED WIDMER 



Tags: 



. r „ , „. _ Cincinnati to Columbus, Feb. 13, 1861 

Disunion follows the Civil 

War as it unfolded. The New Yor k TimesClick on the map to follow Lincoln's journey. 

The presidential party rose at 6:15 a.m. and broke its fast at 7. An 
eight-carriage motorcade (without motors) took them to the depot 

abraham lincoln, columbus, of the Little Miami Railroad, where they left Cincinnati on 

speeches, tram journey schedule at 9 a.m. The New York Times got a close look as he 

walked past: "His forehead and face are actually seamed with 

deep-set furrows and wrinkles, such as no man of his years should have." The reporter 

worried that this trip was "wearing the life out of him by inches." 

Or maybe not by inches. Just after they left, a bag was found in Lincoln's car; when it was 
opened, a live bomb was discovered, set to go off within 15 minutes. Again, Lincoln kept 
going, northeast this time, toward the capital of the Buckeye State. 

The crowds on the way nearly killed him with kindness. The Times wrote, "At Xenia they 
were really crazy. They jumped upon the car-roof, climbed in at windows, attempted to 
force the doors and storm the platform." Worse, they ate his lunch! A crowd of 5,000 
waiting for his arrival saw that "a lunch, varied and extensive in its dainties" had been 
left on the table in the depot. They devoured it like termites, leaving Lincoln hungry, and 
then demanded a speech from him. 

Columbus was not a large city (18,554), but like so many American capitals, it was a 
center of state power and culture. An observer wrote, "at an early hour High Street was 
swarming with excited humanity," and soon a crowd of 50,000 was packed together "as 
closely as pickles in ajar." When the Presidential Special came into view at 2 p.m., it was 
greeted by "a vigorous huzza." 

Library of CongressReception of President Lincoln in the legislature in Columbus, Ohio 
Just as he had done in Indianapolis, Lincoln addressed the representatives of a state, to 
establish formal relations and to prepare them for the extraordinary demands that the 
federal government would make of Ohio. The state had 2,339,511 people according to the 
i860 census; 313,180 would serve and 35,475 would fall during the war. A few months 
later, when Lincoln asked for 75,000 men to serve in the army, Ohio volunteered 
30,000, more than twice its quota. Columbus became the headquarters of this massive 
mobilization; Camp Chase, the largest Confederate P.O.W. camp in the North, was built 



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Lincoln Ejected (Again) - NYTimes.com http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/201 1/02/12/lincoln-elected-agai. 



1 



there. Today 2,260 Confederate veterans lie there, in a cemetery maintained by the 
United States government they were fighting against. 

But unlike his earlier orations, which had been nearly letter- T~ ~~ ~~ ~ " ~ !~~ 

J Interactive Map Lincoln On the 

perfect, Lincoln committed a misstep in this speech when he Rails 

insisted that there was "nothing going wrong," and that the Track Abraham Lincoln's historic 

ii TAT , j . .1 . i r t • i train trip to Washington, D.C. 

crisis was overblown. We tend to think of Lincoln as 
infallible, but he was so buffeted by the throngs and by the 

winds of history that he was capable of misstatements. Even among his supporters, there 
was no shortage of critics. Charles Francis Adams wrote that his speeches had "fallen like 
a wet blanket." A prominent Republican newspaper in Massachusetts called Lincoln a 
"simple Susan." The prominent orator Edward Everett, who would share the stage with 
Lincoln at Gettysburg, asserted that the "speeches thus far have been of the most 
ordinary kind, destitute of everything, not merely of felicity and grace, but of common 
pertinence." (Then again, how many people today can quote a great line from an Edward 
Everett speech?) 

A reception followed the remarks, and Lincoln-palooza struck again. A reporter 
commented, "Almost immediately the vast rotunda was crowded with eager, turbulent, 
pushing, crowding, jostling sovereigns, frantic to touch the hand of the president elect." 
His secretary John Nicolay betrayed some of the panic that the presidential party felt 
when he remembered, "Before anyone was well aware of the occurrence there was a 
concentric jam of the crowd toward the president-elect which threatened to crush him 
and those about him. Fortunately Colonel Lamon of his suite, who was a man of 
extraordinary size and herculean strength, was able to place himself before him and by 
formidable exertion to hold back the advancing pressure until Mr. Lincoln could be 
hurried to a more secure place." 



So many Americans who saw Lincoln only once must have _, , , , _. ., TAT 

J J Related Civil War 

remembered him this way - as a man surrounded by maniacal Timeline 

people, shouting themselves hoarse. Presumably, the children ^ un f iding history of the 

who were there could tell their stories well into the 20th century, civil War with photos and 

On that day in Columbus, a teenage schoolboy named Smith articles from the Times 

archive and ongoing 

Stimmel followed Lincoln everywhere he could, powerfully drawn CO m me ntary from Disunion 
to him. He wrote one of the best accounts of what it must have contributors. 

been like to be in the crowd as Lincoln passed through: • visit the Timeline » 

As the great crowd passed by, every one seemed to feel good-natured and had something 
amusing to say. Some would wave a hand at him and call out, "How are you, Abe?" and 
other similar expressions of familiarity; and he would wave his big hand back with a 
generous smile, indicating that he appreciated the good fellowship manifested toward 
him. In my mind's eye I can see his tall form, as he stood on that stairway, with his big 
bony hands resting upon the marble balustrade. 



2 of 4 2/15/2011 12:24 PM 



Lincoln E'sected (Aaain) - NYTimes.com http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/201 1/02/12/lincoln-elected-agai. 

f 

For Stimmel, lightning struck twice, and amazingly, he was called to service to protect 
Lincoln during the war. As an Ohio volunteer, he was assigned to guard duty at the White 
House, and his humble memoir, published in 1928, offers a wealth of personal detail 
about Lincoln's clothes (his hat had several dents in it), the way he looked on a horse 
("'interesting") and his spontaneity (Lincoln once insisted that a lieutenant follow him to 
look at a bony cow in Washington, to prove that "the cow is a lop-sided animal" and "one 
side is higher than the other.") 

Another observer in Columbus was a future president, James A. Garfield. "In some 
respects I was disappointed in Lincoln," he wrote, "and found him distressingly homely." 
But he admired that "he has the tone and bearing of a fearless, firm man," and felt that 
"his visits are having a fine effect upon the country." 

Two notes to end the day. 

At 5:43 p.m., Jefferson Davis boarded a train of his own, at Jackson, Miss., heading 
toward Montgomery, Ala., where he too would be inaugurated as a president. Apparently 
attempting to imitate Lincoln, he chose an 800-mile route through the South, to see as 
many people as possible, even though the distance between Jackson and Montgomery 
was less than half that. 

Second, it being the second Wednesday of the month, Feb. 13 was the day that the 
presidential vote was officially counted in Lincoln's destination, Washington D.C. There 
were rumors of a Southern conspiracy to sabotage the vote. When he heard this, the 
commander of the Army, Winfield Scott, replied, "I have said that any man who 
attempted to . . . interfere with the lawful count of the electoral vote . . . should be lashed 
to the muzzle of a 12-pounder and fired out of the window of the Capitol. I would 
manure the hills of Arlington with the fragments of his body." A senator from Texas, 
dismayed by Scott's riposte, asked if he would dare to arrest a senator for treason. Scott's 
answer: "No sire, I would not arrest him. I would blow him to hell!" 

No disruption was attempted, and Abraham Lincoln was duly certified the next president 
of the United States. But before taking the oath of office, he would have to make it to 

Washington. 

Join Disunion on Facebook » 

Sources: John Hay, private scrapbook,from the collection of Robert and Joan 
Hoffman; William T. Coggeshall, "The Journeys of Abraham Lincoln"; Victor Searcher, 
"Lincoln s Journey to Greatness;" Harold Holzer, "Lincoln, President-Elect;" Michael 
Burlingame, "Abraham Lincoln: A Life;" John Nicolay (ed. Michael Burlingame), "With 
Lincoln in the White House;" John Nicolay, "Some Incidents in Lincoln's Journey from 
Springfield to Washington;" Henry Villard, "Memoirs of Henry Villard"; Henry Villard, 
"Lincoln on the Eve of'6i"; Scott D. Trostel, "The Lincoln Inaugural Train" 
(forthcoming); Smith Stimmel, "Personal Reminiscences of Abraham Lincoln"; "The 



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Lincoln Ekcted (Again) - NYTimes.com http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/201 1/02/12/lincoln-elected-agai... 



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Ohio Guide"; The Lincoln Log (http://www.thelincolnlog.org). 

Ted Widmer is director and librarian of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown 
University. He was a speechwriter for President Bill Clinton and the editor of the 
Library of America's two-volume "American Speeches." 



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4 of 4 2/15/2011 12:24 PM 









Springfield 

Indianapci s 





Qh'Q 



n c ri n a: 






150 years later, Abe remembered in Albany - Times Union http://www.timesunion.com/local/article/150-years-later-Abe-ren 

150 years later, Abe remembered in 
Albany 

Re-enactment of President-elect Lincoln's stopover 
includes performances, historical discussions 
By PAUL GRONDAHL Staff Writer 

Published 12:00 a.m., Friday, February 18, 2011 

ALBANY — "Confusion, hurry, disorder, mud, 
riot and discomfort" was how one reporter 
described the chaotic scene in the capital city 
when President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrived 
by train at 2:30 p.m. Feb. 18, 1861. 

The Albany stop marked the midway point of Lincoln's journey by rail through 83 cities and 
towns from his home in Springfield, 111., to his March 4 inauguration in Washington. The 
carefully chosen itinerary and his entourage's deliberate progress was meant to reassure a 
republic battered by flaring tempers and fraying allegiances after the secession of seven 
Southern states and the looming specter of a civil war. 

On Friday, the 150th anniversary of Lincoln's stopover in Albany — which included tussles 
with armed soldiers in the streets, an address to the Legislature and dinner at the governor's 
mansion — will include a performance by a Lincoln re-enactor and discussion by historians. 
It's part of a National Park Service program that will retrace Lincoln's journey as a kickoff to 
an ambitious, multiyear sesquicentennial commemoration of the Civil War. 

"As the capital of the most populous state in 1861, Lincoln's stop in Albany indicated the 
importance of New York for the Union and for Lincoln," said program coordinator Timothy 
Good, superintendent at the Ulysses S. Grant site in St. Louis. 

Lincoln's reception in Albany 150 years ago was as divisive and raucous as in any of the other 
cities he visited. Lincoln won an election bitterly contested over the issue of abolition of 
slavery. Albany Mayor George H. Thacher met Lincoln's train and police could not control the 
surging crowds. Lincoln was forced to wait for a late-arriving contingent of soldiers, who 
cleared the unruly throng by swinging their musket butts. 

Journalist Henry Villard described Lincoln as looking "tired, sunburned, adorned with huge 
whiskers ... so unlike the hale, smooth shaven, red-cheeked individual ... dubbed the 
rail-splitter." His disheveled appearance confused the crowd, who did not immediately 
recognize Lincoln until his great height made him stand out in the melee, according 
to Villard. 

Playing Lincoln is a tall order for re-enactor Fritz Klein, who lives in Springfield, 111., and 
performs frequently at the Lincoln home there. He is widely considered the foremost Lincoln 
re-enactor in the country and has earned a comfortable living since 1980 by portraying the 
16th president. 



of 3 2/18/2011 12:34 



150 vears later, Abe remembered in Albany - Times Union http://www.timesunion.com/local/article/150-years-later-Abe-reme.. 

"I pitch my voice a bit higher and try to strike a balance vocally between authenticity and 
playability," said Klein, 62, who stands 6-foot-4, with a lean build and a craggy face. After an 
hour of applying makeup and a prosthetic cheek mole, Klein bears an uncanny resemblance 
to Lincoln. 

His vocal delivery is based on phonetic descriptions of how Lincoln sounded from 
contemporaries. There are no recordings of Lincoln speaking since the earliest wax recordings 
were made about 15 years after he was assassinated. 

"Some people said Lincoln's voice was unpleasant, almost trumpet-like and piercing," Klein 
said. "His voice had a nasal quality and he had some peculiar pronunciations, like 'cheer' for 
chair and 'feer' instead of four." 

With hundreds of Lincoln performances under his stove-pipe hat, there have been occasional 
moments when he feels like he is channeling "the Great Emancipator," especially when he 
speaks the president's soaring, lyrical rhetoric. 

"Those surreal moments have happened, but not a lot," Klein said. "I'll have a deja vu feeling 
and I'll wonder if those words felt like that to him. That's an enjoyable sensation and I don't 
get spooky about it. But most of the time, I've got a lot of technical things on my mind like 
timing, dynamics, the use of stage and props." 

Klein also gets into the spirit of his subject when he fashions prosthetic ears. "Lincoln's ears 
were quite large and he was rather jug-headed given the angle of the ears from his temples," 
he said. 

Klein has more work in the run-up to the Civil War sesquicentennial than he can manage, 
despite a recession and rising fees that amount to several hundred dollars an hour. "Lincoln 
really is recession-proof," he said. "He's more popular than ever and there is always 
something in our history that you can relate to Lincoln." 

In addition to Klein's re-enactment, the Friday event at the State Museum will include a 
display of a Bible Lincoln used while he was in the White House. It's on loan from Hildene, 
the Manchester, Vt., home of Lincoln's son, Robert Todd Lincoln. 

Klein's performance will be followed by a question and answer period, along with talks from 
National Park Service historians. 

"We hope people gain a greater appreciation for American history from this program," Good 
said. "In Albany, Lincoln faced a tough crowd and difficult questions about the fate of the 
Union. He called America 'the last best hope' for democracy. That was a pivotal time in our 
history. The U.S. was the only functioning democracy in 1861. There were very real concerns 
that it might fail." 

Reach Paul Grondahl at 454-5623 or pgrondahl@timesunion.com. 

At a glance 



2 of 3 2/18/2011 12:34 PN 



150 years later, Abe remembered in Albany - Times Union http://www.timesunion.com/local/article/150-years-later-Abe-reme 

t 

1861 Lincoln Inaugural Journey Re-enactment 

What: Lincoln re-enactor Fritz Klein, National Parks Service historians and 
others 

When: 3 p.m. Friday 

Where: State Museum, Huxley Theater, Empire State Plaza 

Cost: Free 

Details: 474-5877 or http://www.nysm.nysed.gov 

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Abraham Lincoln's 
1861 visit to 
Rochester was 
short, but 
impressive 



4:45 AM. Feb. 21.2011] 

At 7:35 a.m. on a winter morning, cannons 
roared in salute from Falls Field at the 
current site of Genesee Brewing Company 
on the banks of the Genesee River. 

A newly elected U.S. president was coming 
to town and, despite the early hour, an 
estimated 15,000 Rochesterians were 
eager to greet him. 

The date: Feb. 18, 1861. 

Rochester had given Abraham Lincoln the 
majority of its votes in the national election 
the previous fall. So, as the president-elect 
journeyed by rail from Springfield, III., to 
be inaugurated in the nation's capital, it 
was altogether appropriate that he would 
stop here to give one of the 101 speeches 
he is known to have made at stops all 
along his route. 

The passenger car and sleeper car, drawn 
by the locomotive Dean Richmond, pulled 
into the New York Central Station. It was 
just north of the Four Corners, near where 
the Inner Loop now crosses State Street. 
The railroad tracks, now elevated, were 



then at street level. 

The cheering crowd surged forward. A 
small boy, bolder than any of his c 
olleagues, leaped up on the platform. 
"How do you do, Mr. Lincoln?" he asked. 
The president-elect then reached down 
and shook the little fellow's hand. 

"The personal appearance of Mr. Lincoln is 
more agreeable than his pictures and 
history led us to believe," reported the 
Rochester Union and Advertiser, one of 
three dailies in the city. It was a staunchly 
Democratic newspaper that had opposed 
Lincoln's election and would continue to 
second-guess his administration in the 
months ahead. 

And yet, even the U&A conceded that, 
though Lincoln "is not handsome by a great 
many degrees ... he has not that hideous, 
ugly look which his portraits give him. ... 
When standing before an audience listening 
to a speech of welcome, he shows a 
countenance of indifference and want of 
expression, but when he speaks there is an 



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instant change in his entire expression. 

"Few men that we ever saw exhibit so great 
a change in going from the passive to the 
active condition." 

We don't have an exact transcript of what 
Lincoln said here. But according to 
newspaper accounts he kept his speech 
short, just as he had at many of the other 
whistle stops along his 1,900-mile journey. 
He expressed astonishment that so many 
people would turn out so early in the 
morning to see him. "You have not 
assembled here to greet in me merely the 
man, but the representative of the 
American people," he observed. 



He apologized that he could not give a 
longer speech — if he did so at each stop, 
he noted, he would never make it to 
Washington in time for the inauguration! He 
concluded by thanking everyone for turning 
out. 

Reading these pleasant, no doubt heartfelt, 
but altogether innocuous comments in 
isolation, you would never suspect that the 
United States was literally coming apart at 
the seams. 

Local involvement 

By February 1861 seven states had already 
seceded from the Union over the 
contentious issue of "state's rights" — a 
euphemism for an underlying issue that 
simply would not go away: Slavery and 
whether it should be allowed to spread as 
new states were added to the union. 



The "irrepressible conflict" that William 
Seward had referred to in a memorable 
speech at Rochester's Corinthian Hall in 
1858 was about to explode in full fury. 

When rebel insurgents fired upon Fort 
Sumter in Charleston harbor, S.C. on April 
12, the nation found itself at war — with 
itself. 

During four years of the American Civil War, 
Rochester and the surrounding towns of 
Monroe County sent about 10,000 soldiers 
into the Union ranks. 

That was a staggering number, considering 
that the county's population in 1861 was 
only about 100,000. 

Today, with a Monroe County population of 
about 731,000, it would be the equivalent 
of sending about 73,000 of our residents 
off to Iraq and Afghanistan. 

Most of Monroe County's Civil War soldiers 
fought against Robert E. Lee's vaunted 
Confederate army in Virginia, Maryland and 



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Pennsylvania. 

Name any of the big battles and campaigns 
in the east — from First Bull Run to 
Antietam, from Gettysburg to the 
Wilderness, from Cold Harbor to 
Appomattox Court House — and you will 
find local regiments in the thick of the 
fighting. 

Other Rochester-area enlistees endured 
sharpshooters and the stench of corpses 
during the siege at Port Hudson, La.; or 
patrolled Union footholds along the North 
Carolina coast; or served aboard warships 
that won control of the Mississippi River 
and blockaded southern ports. 



Nearly 1 ,400 of them died of wounds or 
disease or accidents. 

They included George Goff, a Rochester 
printer, whose premonitions of death came 
true in front of a sunken farm road near 
Sharpsburg, Md. 

And Edwin Gilbert, a math instructor whose 
rise through the ranks was cut short by 
consumption, apparently contracted in a 
Rebel prison. 

And Patrick O'Rorke, killed instantly while 
leading his regiment in a desperate charge 
that helped turn the tide during the second 
day of fighting at Gettysburg. 

Back home, anxious wives and parents 
went to the Reynolds Arcade after each big 
battle, scanning the telegraphed casualty 
lists, hoping against hope that a loved 



one's name would not appear. 

Despite the drain in manpower, many 
businesses thrived, even as casualty lists 
mounted. 

What was it like for Rochesterians serving in 
the Union ranks? 

Fortunately, there was little or no 
censorship during the war. From soldier's 
letters and diaries and newspaper 
correspondence, we have a multitude of 
firsthand accounts of life in camp and on 
the march. 

We can also glean glimpses of life on the 
home front. 

So join me, once each month, as this 
column helps commemorate the 
sesquicentennial of the Civil War. 

Join me as we explore Rochester's myriad 
connections to our nation's bloodiest but 
most defining conflict. 



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Speech in IndianaDolis, 1861 



An 1861 Lincoln Speech 

In these days when we see 
so much cynicism and indif- 
ference toward politics, when 
people seem to be too busy 
with their personal lives to 
take an interest in politics, 
government and the world situ- 
ation, it is time to think about 
Abraham Lincoln's speech in 
Indianapolis Feb. 11, 1861. 

While en route to Washing- 
ton to take office as the Presi- 
dent of the United States Lin- 
coln delivered a message that 
seems to be even more signif- 
icant today than it was then. 
Lincoln said there: 

"I wish you to remember 
now and forever, that it is 
your business, and not mine; 
that if the Union of these States 
and the liberties of these peo- 
ple shall be lost it is but little 
to any one mail of 52 years 
of age, but a great deal to 
all the millions of people who 
inhabit these United States, 
and to their posterity in all 
coming time. It is your busi- 
ness to rise up and preserve 
the Union and liberty for your- 
selves, and not for me! I ap- 
peal to you again to constant- 
ly bear in mind that not with 
politicians, not with presi- 
dents, not with office seekers, 
but with you is the question; 
shall the Union and shall the 
liberties of this country be 
preserved to the latest genera- 
tions?" 

Tedis Zierins 



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Meeting Lincoln's Train 

The Boy Too Old to Cry Found a Hero 



By Claire MacMurray 

I WAS 9 years old when I saw Lincoln," said the old man. "My 
father'd been dead three years and I was working on Charlie 
Krause's farm. This day I was weeding potatoes and along in the 
afternoon, I saw from the sun it was near time for Lincoln's train, 
and all at once I knew I had to see him — I HAD to. 

"I just dropped my hoe and began to run. It was near four miles 
to town; I'd run till my lungs were bursting, then I'd slow down a 
little, then start up again. I was still half a mile from the depot when 
I heard a train whistle. I didn't slow down again— just made a note 
to breathe later. Found out afterward that whistle was from the 
train they sent ahead of the president's to make sure the racks hadn't 
been jimmed up. • 

"I got to the depot just as the train was coming 'round the bend. 
There was a wonderfully big crowd — horses hitched all around, car- 
riages and wagons. The band was there, and flags and banners every- 
where and people dressed in then - best. 

"Everyone was saying the president wouldn't come out, because 
someone'd tried to assassinate him in the Baltimore depot the day 
before. The train came in with the bell clanging, and the band played 
their loudest, and everybody cheered — and Lincoln did come out after 
all, and gave a speech. I couldn't hear very well, I was too far back 
— but I'd climbed up to where I could see his face real plain. 

"My, he was a wonderful homely man, the homeliest I ever saw — 
with a face so sad you never could forget it. You could tell from 
seeing his face what manner of man he was. 

"He was always a hero to me — an inspiration, sort of. From that 
day, when I was puzzled about what to do, I'd just think, 'which 
way would Lincoln think was right?' And then I'd know. 

"After his train pulled out the crowd just stood around discussin' 
him. I heard a man say that he knew a sort of a cousin of Lincoln's, 
named Hanks, and that Hanks always said 'Lordy, you oughta hear 
that boy Abe cut wood! You'd think it was two men choppin'!' 

"After that, when I felt like poking on the job, I'd say to myself, 
'You don't even sound like half a man workin',' and then I'd fly into 
whatever I was doing. By the time I was grown I had the habit 
of working hard. It's stood me in good stead all my life. 

"It wasn't so long after 1 saw him that he was shot. When I 
heard about it I cried like he'd been my father — though I was too old 
for crying, past 10, I was." 

And the old man's faded eyes peered through the long lost years 
back to the day when a boy "too old for crying" beheld the face 
which taught him, without words, to be honest and good, and to work 
like two men even when he felt like poking. 



BYPATHS OF HISTORY 



Crowds Greet Lincoln Family 



By GUY ALLISON 

While Abraham Lincoln w&s 
enroute from Springfield, 111., 
to Washington, D.C., where he 
was to be inaugurated as Pres- 
ident, what interesting incidents 
occurred? 

When Abraham Lincoln left 
Springfield at 8 o'clock on the 
morning of Feb. 11, 1861, the 
family did not accompany him, 
but caught up with him later on 
in the slow journey. When the 
family joined the presidential 
party, the two younger sons, 
Willie and Tad, were delighted, 
but Robert, then just past 17, 
was not too impressed. On the 
journey, he was often refer- 
red to by the crowd and the 
newspaper reporters as "the 
Prince of Rails." This was 
keenly resented by Robert. 

During one of their stops, 
Robert was put in charge of 
the little grip which contained 
the First Inaugural Address. 
Arriving at the hotel where 
they were to spend the night, 
Lincoln learned the grip was 
lost and he became disturbed at 



Robert's carelessness and gave 
vent to his feelings in the strong- 
est terms he ever used toward 
his son. 

At Indianapolis, after Lincoln 
had made an address from the 
balcony of his hotel, there were 
loud cries for the "Prince of 
Rails." Robert responded with 
a reluctant wave of the hand, 
and his father saved the situa- 
tion by saying that his boy, 
"Bob hadn't got much in ' the 
way of speechmaking." The 
New York Herald came out with 
the comment, "Bob was almost 
as much annoyed as his father 
by the persistency with which 
the curiosity of the crowds 
gave vent to their expressions 
respecting the Prince of Rails." 

On this trip the presidential 
car was gaily decorated with 
flags and red, white and blue 
festoons of crimson plush and 
heavy blue silk studded with 
silver stars. Willie and Tad, 
of course were everywhere at 
once, and their nurse had a 
very difficult time in keeping 
track of them. 



The engine of the train, with 
its huge, flaring smokestack 
and pointed cow-catcher, look- 
ing like some pre-historic an-, 
cestor of the present - day 
streamliner, was gay with ban- 
ners. The countryside held 
carnival at its passing; flags 
were waved all along the jour- 
ney; ever town was decorated, 
and tens of thousands of people 
crowded the stations to greet 
the arrival of the presidential 
party. To Lincoln, the journey 
of almost 1wo weeks was a cruel 
strain, but to the two younger 
sons it was an exciting ad- 
venture. 

Newspapers seized eagerly 
on little stories about the pres- 
ident's sons. The New York 
Herald reported that Tad de- 
lighted to ask strangers, "Do 
you want to see old Abe?", and 
then he would point to someone 
else than his father. 

When the train nassed through 
PouRhkeepsie, N.Y., the crowd 
warmly welcomed Mrs. Lin- 
coln, who stood at a window in 
the car. Someone in the car 
yelled, "Where are the children? 
Show us the ch'ldren." Mrs. 
Lincoln called Robert to the 
wir-dow, arid he was greeted 
with a rousing cheer. "Have 
you any more on hoard?" per- 
sisted the crowd. "Yes, here's 
another," Mrs. Lincoln called 
back cheerfully and turned to 
reach for her youngest. 

Tad would have none of this 
and he promptly flattened him- 
self on the floor of the car, 
laughing at the fun, and his 
mother had to sifrnal the crowd 
that the "pet of the family" ob- 
jected to being put in exhibi- 
tion. : 

The long journey with its 
ups and downs of excitement 
came to an end on Feb. 23, and 
the Lincoln family established 
themselves for a few days in 
the Willard Hotel, at Washing- 

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City's Important Part 
In Conflict Recorded 



We now reach the Civil War 
period. The Chronicle's columns 
faithfully reflect the important 
part that Pittsburgh took in the 
struggle, but we have space only 
for a few highlights of the pic- 
ture. 

Abraham Lincoln reached Pitts- 
burgh on February 14, 1861, on 
his way to Washington to be in- 
augurated. The Chronicle next 
day gave over three columns to 
the story and expressed in an edi- 
torial the affectionate regard in 
which Lincoln was held. 

The following incident, taken 
from the Chronicle of February 15 
1861, is worth noticing, not only 
because of its intrinsic interest 
but also as an illustration of the 
simple, unaffected life of those 
days and as a measure of the dis 
tance that we have traveled since 
then:' 

"After the train which brought 
the President to our city left 
Rochester, it was subjected to 
many provoking delays on ac- 
count of some freight cars run- 
ning off the track. 

"At one of the small stations 
a very laughable incident oc- 
curred, illustrative of the genial 
good nature of Mr. Lincoln, and 
his readiness at all times for a 
little fun. 

"A strapping farmer, with 
honest face and thoroughly re- 
publican manners, looked in 
through a window of the car, 
and eyeing the President closely 
for a minute, h» thus delivered 
himself : 

" 'Say, Lincoln, I'll bet I'm 
taller than you. I can lick salt 
off your head.' 

" 'Well, my good friend,' re- 
sponded Mr. Lincoln, 'you may 
possibly be taller than I.' 

" 'Come out here and let's 
measure — that'll settle it.' 

Lincoln 'Takes Down' 

City's Doughty Yeoman 

"The President rose and went 
out on the platform of the car. 
Back to back they stood — the 
highest magnate in the world 
and the humblest yeoman — and, 
to the discomfiture of the latter, 
It was found that 'Honest Abe' 
was fully an inch taller than he. 

"Mr. Lincoln laughed heartily, 
as did everybody else, and the 
farmer said: 

"'Well, President, you've took 
me down."' ... 



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